Best of the Week
Most Popular
1. The Trump Stock Market Trap May Be Triggered - Barry_M_Ferguson
2.Why are Central Banks Buying Gold and Dumping Dollars? - Richard_Mills
3.US China War - Thucydides Trap and gold - Richard_Mills
4.Gold Price Trend Forcast to End September 2019 - Nadeem_Walayat
5.Money Saving Kids Gardening Growing Giant Sunflowers Summer Fun - Anika_Walayat
6.US Dollar Breakdown Begins, Gold Price to Bolt Higher - Jim_Willie_CB
7.INTEL (INTC) Stock Investing to Profit From AI Machine Learning Boom - Nadeem_Walayat
8.Will Google AI Kill Us? Man vs Machine Intelligence - N_Walayat
9.US Prepares for Currency War with China - Richard_Mills
10.Gold Price Epochal Breakout Will Not Be Negated by a Correction - Clive Maund
Last 7 days
Silver Has Already Gone from Weak to Strong Hands - 15th July 19
Top Equity Mutual Funds That Offer Best Returns - 15th July 19
Gold’s Breakout And The US Dollar - 15th July 19
Financial Markets, Iran, U.S. Global Hegemony - 15th July 19
U.S Bond Yields Point to a 40% Rise in SPX - 15th July 19
Corporate Earnings may Surprise the Stock Market – Watch Out! - 15th July 19
Stock Market Interest Rate Cut Prevails - 15th July 19
Dow Stock Market Trend Forecast Current State July 2019 Video - 15th July 19
Why Summer is the Best Time to be in the Entertainment Industry - 15th July 19
Mid-August Is A Critical Turning Point For US Stocks - 14th July 19
Fed’s Recessionary Indicators and Gold - 14th July 19
The Problem with Keynesian Economics - 14th July 19
Stocks Market Investors Worried About the Fed? Don't Be -- Here's Why - 13th July 19
Could Gold Launch Into A Parabolic Upside Rally? - 13th July 19
Stock Market SPX and Dow in BREAKOUT but this is the worrying part - 13th July 19
Key Stage 2 SATS Tests Results Grades and Scores GDS, EXS, WTS Explained - 13th July 19
INTEL Stock Investing in Qubits and AI Neural Network Processors - Video - 12th July 19
Gold Price Selloff Risk High - 12th July 19
State of the US Economy as Laffer Gets Laughable - 12th July 19
Dow Stock Market Trend Forecast Current State - 12th July 19
Stock Market Major Index Top In 3 to 5 Weeks? - 11th July 19
Platinum Price vs Gold Price - 11th July 19
What This Centi-Billionaire Fashion Magnate Can Teach You About Investing - 11th July 19
Stock Market Fundamentals are Weakening: 3000 on SPX Means Nothing - 11th July 19
This Tobacco Stock Is a Big Winner from E-Cigarette Bans - 11th July 19
Investing in Life Extending Pharma Stocks - 11th July 19
How to Pay for It All: An Option the Presidential Candidates Missed - 11th July 19
Mining Stocks Flash Powerful Signal for Gold and Silver Markets - 11th July 19
5 Surefire Ways to Get More Viewers for Your Video Series - 11th July 19
Gold Price Gann Angle Update - 10th July 19
Crude Oil Prices and the 2019 Hurricane Season - 10th July 19
Can Gold Recover from Friday’s Strong Payrolls Hit? - 10th July 19
Netflix’s Worst Nightmare Has Come True - 10th July 19
LIMITLESS - Improving Cognitive Function and Fighting Brain Ageing Right Now! - 10th July 19
US Dollar Strength Will Drive Markets Higher - 10th July 19
Government-Pumped Student Loan Bubble Sets Up Next Financial Crisis - 10th July 19
Stock Market SPX 3000 Dream is Pushed Away: Pullback of 5-10% is Coming - 10th July 19
July 2019 GBPUSD Market Update and Outlook - 10th July 19

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

Top AI Stocks Investing to Profit from the Machine Intelligence Mega-trend

Greening The Desert

Politics / Climate Change Apr 08, 2012 - 01:05 PM GMT

By: Andrew_McKillop

Politics

Diamond Rated - Best Financial Markets Analysis ArticleIn the real world, the non-polar deserts are growing at a rapid rate, totally overwhelming the small but valiant attempts at pushing them back.  http://hqweb.unep.org/geo/GDOutlook/

One neglected cause among many includes the annihilation of tropical forests.  These contain 600 billion tons of carbon, equivalent to about 4.6 trillion barrels of oil or 145 years of oil-burning at the present annual rate of 32 billion barrels a year. This amount of carbon is almost as much as is contained in the atmosphere, but much of it is likely to be released into the atmosphere in the next decades by uncontrolled logging and deforestation.




To be sure, the deserts will advance unless there is massive action very fast. The UN Environment Programme has many times stated that only a miracle could save the world’s remaining tropical forests. 

Another and better recognized cause of desertification is the constant and massive damage perpetrated on the world’s soils by industrial monocrop profit-only agriculture, totally oil dependent and totally dependent on huge machines and toxic chemicals. In country after country, attempts at pushing agriculture into dry and very dry areas has only speeded the expansion of deserts. The world's huge expanses of monocrop industrial food production land, wrongly called "farmland", are themselves effective deserts: without irrigation, fertilizers and pesticides they can produce almost nothing. More than 75% of world water supply is taken by industrial food production, and water shortage is a sure and certain menace for our survival.

The world's soils contain about 1600 billion tons of carbon, more than twice as much as in the atmosphere. Fighting the desert's advance, then pushing it back, is a global necessity for survival because carbon from the world's desertified "farmland" may be rapidly released unless there is a rapid switch to sustainable, multicrop, largely organic agricultural practices.  The first key to Greening the Desert is therefore a total change of world agriculture, obviously needing total change of society.

WHILE THE JURY IS OUT

Climate change is a certain cause of the desert's advance, but global warming is a confused and uncertain theory subject to highly rational scientific doubt. Anthropogenic climate change, notably through the desertification of millions of square kilometres of mid-latitude areas - what we can call the "industrial monocrop food production belt" - is different. It is a sure and certain threat to our existence.

Conversely, for the media, politicians and corporate for-profit interests, anthropogenic global warming is a politically-correct theme for rousing the masses. Restoring the world's soils to health, feeding the world and pushing back the deserts are real causes that the masses should adopt - rather than be sidetracked by childlike pursuits such as "fighting" global warming to save the polar bear.

In the 21st century, bioresource and environment conservation will obligatorily move up and out from their 1970s mould. Due to so many wasted and lost decades, and the obsession with trivia like carbon finance and trading, the world's coming shift to Greening the Desert, and saving the world's soils by abandoning our present toxic industrial food production methods, will have to be effective and will have to target the real issues. The legacy of waste and loss - called "farming" - and its allied quest of economic growth, urban growth and population growth, in Europe, causes the loss of natural ecosystems converted to "farm" desert and concrete desert, of more than 3 million hectares a year. Like any desert, the ever growing concrete wilderness is another sterile wasteland.

Conservation has to become more "people friendly" and in particular this starts with the ultra basic goal of feeding the world. As the UN FAO makes it clear, year after year, at least 900 million persons are short of food today. This is close to the total population of the 30-nation OECD group of high income countries, where obsesity and how to buy another car, consume more fast food and more industrial goods are "normal" concerns for the masses. This criminal lack of real concern, either for other people or for the survival of the the world's ability to remain a living planet, will increasingly have a political conflict dimension, only flimsily hidden by Al Qaeda hysteria and the Clash of Civilizations.

 The clash is between those who eat and waste, and those who do not eat in a world environment where the ability of the planet to produce more food, through industrial "farming", is very close to saturated.

Media, public and political attention to subjects as "uninteresting" as the now permanent world food crisis was well shown in 2009: only 2 heads of state turned up to the FAO global food crisis conference held a few weeks before the Copenhagen climate summit - where 130 heads of state arrived, to worry in public with Al Gore and Raj Pachauri on the fate of polar bears. One simple reason for this deliberate lack of interest is that neither deserts, nor global hunger are believed to be "remediable" or - if they are - will not deliver huge profits to the world's agribusiness players.

In fact we have no choice and no alternative to abandoning industrial "farming" and greening the deserts. We are obliged to create functional and working, living landscapes. We must move on from creating ever more sterile wilderness areas, possibly through inadvertance but certainly for-profit. We will be forced to engage in massive development of fisheries and tree plantations, breaking up the vast swaths of agricultural monocultures and expanses of degraded and marginal agricultural land, in a global process of rebuilding and relaunching the biosphere.

FORGET THE PAST

The new agriculture, sylviculture, mariculture, aquaculture will become more productive and intensive in real terms, measured in average biomass production, basically carbon fixation per unit area, but to us at present in the early 21st century the results could look like a return to wilderness. The changeover will almost never be rapid, making for periods of both economic crisis and social distress, with its sure and certain political spinoffs.

In the past, almost every major desert in the world has had its own recovery and forestation plan, often leaving disastrous results, especially in ex-Soviet central Asia, in India and Pakistan, in China and Australia, in the US and Chile, in the MENA region (Middle East and North Africa) and elsewhere. One common cause of failure has always been the attempt to apply agribusiness "farming" methods in the desert: for example intensive fertilizer use. Conversely, the application of aquaculture biomass recovery and development methods, and mariculture for seaboard desert areas, has rarely been applied.

Today in several world regions, attempts are under way to show the potential of growing crops in the desert with only the use of salt water and renewable energy, notably using salt water greenhouses, concentrated solar power and solar cells, algae cultivation ponds and salt drying facilities. The major problem is the keyword "crops", meaning commercial food-surplus agriculture, rather than traditional self-sufficient and local-consumed food production. Authorities on sustainable agriculture, among them Jules Pretty and Miguel Altieri consider it as close to synonymous with “traditional agriculture”.

We therefore already find two main causes of failure in projects claimed to bet setting out to Greening the Desert: the use of agribusiness "farming" methods and the goal of producing exportable crops at a profit. This second goal can come - but later. Because traditional bioresource-conserving agriculture is treated by any major aid donor or international development organization like the World Bank and its regional development banks as a handicap to economic growth. Governments and international agencies are keen to prevent indigenous peoples from practising it anymore, and force them to adopt industrial for-profit agriculture.  Where the available land is semidesert - with no large stock of nutrients to mine and species to pillage, for profit, to effectively destroy with agribusiness - we find the basic reason why no major government, development agency or transnational corporation funds action to green the deserts. With no near term prospect of agricultural surplus, and therefore profit, there will be no investment.

The reason why we are trapped in the past can be summarised as follows: Sheltering behind the business-as-usual claim that because of continuing population growth and urbanisation only intensive agriculture can ‘win the race’ against rising numbers of mouths to feed, the world's deserts must grow.  As we know from the FAO's annual reports on world hunger, this 'race against hunger' has been lost for at least a decade. As we know from climate change, anthropogenic desertification has very long term and large negative effects on global ecosystems and bioresources.

DRIVING THE CHANGE

Despite its never ending quest to force the global economy, urbanization and industrialization down the throat of all peoples, calling it No Alternative, the World Bank has also commmissioned many reports which clearly show the superiority of traditional agriculture. Long-known trees, shrubs, vegetation, crops and animal species are always the best choices, do exist, and have existed for a long time. Traditional methods of "desert control" exist, worldwide, but only a few organizations (such as ICRISAT) study these ready made solutions, while gimmicks such the Bill Gates "plan" to fight world hunger and exploit lower-grade agricultural land, with the help of Monsanto are given massive free publicity in the media.

Any programme for greening the desert to produce alternate energy resources, necessarily biomass, will therefore need to integrate all available local and traditional knowledge and practices, and blend the modern with traditional. Indicating the sensitivity of desert-prone areas to the wrong types of agriculture and land use, before about 3500 BC the Sahara included many areas of sustained food production and animal husbandry. Even as late as about 500 BC, the Garamantes of what is Libya today had achieved this development by digging tunnels far into the mountains flanking the valley to tap fossil water and bring it to their fields. However, due to population growth and military expansion, the Garamantes civilization collapsed through insufficient slave labour to dig the tunnels to find available water in the aquifers. As we know, not only the Sahara but many other deserts have large amounts of fossil water resources, but the type of bioresource and ecosystem development applied for greening the Desert will always be critical.

Like it or not ‘modern’ fossil energy, pesticide and fertilizer dependent agriculture is on the way out. Diminishing returns extend from pesticide and fertiliser use, through irrigation, to the diseconomies and damage caused by the use of GM or ‘transgenic’ plants and animals. Rarely understood by observers taking the apparent total oil demand of world agriculture as "only a few percent" of total oil demand, the long and complex food production, processing and supply chain is intensely dependent on oil. This especially includes the worldwide transport of essential food imports for the growing number of food import dependent nations, as well as operating tractors and farm machinery, farm buildings, producing fertilisers and pesticides, and processing and packaging food products transported to supermarkets. One example is the food transport need of the overpopulated and over-urbanized UK: this requires about 85 billion ton kilometres of food product and animal feeds transport, brought into the UK by sea, air and road, needing the consumption of about 1.6 billion litres of fuel, each year.

A more vulnerable, fossil energy dependent, and inefficient situation is difficult to imagine. The "collateral damage" of ever-growing desert areas worldwide completes the picture of a destructive (and self destructive) system that has reached the end of the road. As with the Peak Oil paradigm, of oil becoming more expensive until it is only affordable to minorities, the food scarcity paradigm driven by the wanton destruction of the world's bioresources and ecosystems threatens us all.

Greening the Desert is therefore a basic necessity.  The simple fact this subject is almost totally absent from the media, and totally ignored by all politicians, merely underlines how No Alternative "thinking" or the refusal to face up to reality dominates our society. Greening The Desert

In the real world, the non-polar deserts are growing at a rapid rate, totally overwhelming the small but valiant attempts at pushing them back.  http://hqweb.unep.org/geo/GDOutlook/

One neglected cause among many includes the annihilation of tropical forests.  These contain 600 billion tons of carbon, equivalent to about 4.6 trillion barrels of oil or 145 years of oil-burning at the present annual rate of 32 billion barrels a year. This amount of carbon is almost as much as is contained in the atmosphere, but much of it is likely to be released into the atmosphere in the next decades by uncontrolled logging and deforestation.

To be sure, the deserts will advance unless there is massive action very fast. The UN Environment Programme has many times stated that only a miracle could save the world’s remaining tropical forests. 

Another and better recognized cause of desertification is the constant and massive damage perpetrated on the world’s soils by industrial monocrop profit-only agriculture, totally oil dependent and totally dependent on huge machines and toxic chemicals. In country after country, attempts at pushing agriculture into dry and very dry areas has only speeded the expansion of deserts. The world's huge expanses of monocrop industrial food production land, wrongly called "farmland", are themselves effective deserts: without irrigation, fertilizers and pesticides they can produce almost nothing. More than 75% of world water supply is taken by industrial food production, and water shortage is a sure and certain menace for our survival.

The world's soils contain about 1600 billion tons of carbon, more than twice as much as in the atmosphere. Fighting the desert's advance, then pushing it back, is a global necessity for survival because carbon from the world's desertified "farmland" may be rapidly released unless there is a rapid switch to sustainable, multicrop, largely organic agricultural practices.  The first key to Greening the Desert is therefore a total change of world agriculture, obviously needing total change of society.

WHILE THE JURY IS OUT

Climate change is a certain cause of the desert's advance, but global warming is a confused and uncertain theory subject to highly rational scientific doubt. Anthropogenic climate change, notably through the desertification of millions of square kilometres of mid-latitude areas - what we can call the "industrial monocrop food production belt" - is different. It is a sure and certain threat to our existence.

Conversely, for the media, politicians and corporate for-profit interests, anthropogenic global warming is a politically-correct theme for rousing the masses. Restoring the world's soils to health, feeding the world and pushing back the deserts are real causes that the masses should adopt - rather than be sidetracked by childlike pursuits such as "fighting" global warming to save the polar bear.

In the 21st century, bioresource and environment conservation will obligatorily move up and out from their 1970s mould. Due to so many wasted and lost decades, and the obsession with trivia like carbon finance and trading, the world's coming shift to Greening the Desert, and saving the world's soils by abandoning our present toxic industrial food production methods, will have to be effective and will have to target the real issues. The legacy of waste and loss - called "farming" - and its allied quest of economic growth, urban growth and population growth, in Europe, causes the loss of natural ecosystems converted to "farm" desert and concrete desert, of more than 3 million hectares a year. Like any desert, the ever growing concrete wilderness is another sterile wasteland.

Conservation has to become more "people friendly" and in particular this starts with the ultra basic goal of feeding the world. As the UN FAO makes it clear, year after year, at least 900 million persons are short of food today. This is close to the total population of the 30-nation OECD group of high income countries, where obsesity and how to buy another car, consume more fast food and more industrial goods are "normal" concerns for the masses. This criminal lack of real concern, either for other people or for the survival of the the world's ability to remain a living planet, will increasingly have a political conflict dimension, only flimsily hidden by Al Qaeda hysteria and the Clash of Civilizations.

 The clash is between those who eat and waste, and those who do not eat in a world environment where the ability of the planet to produce more food, through industrial "farming", is very close to saturated.

Media, public and political attention to subjects as "uninteresting" as the now permanent world food crisis was well shown in 2009: only 2 heads of state turned up to the FAO global food crisis conference held a few weeks before the Copenhagen climate summit - where 130 heads of state arrived, to worry in public with Al Gore and Raj Pachauri on the fate of polar bears. One simple reason for this deliberate lack of interest is that neither deserts, nor global hunger are believed to be "remediable" or - if they are - will not deliver huge profits to the world's agribusiness players.

In fact we have no choice and no alternative to abandoning industrial "farming" and greening the deserts. We are obliged to create functional and working, living landscapes. We must move on from creating ever more sterile wilderness areas, possibly through inadvertance but certainly for-profit. We will be forced to engage in massive development of fisheries and tree plantations, breaking up the vast swaths of agricultural monocultures and expanses of degraded and marginal agricultural land, in a global process of rebuilding and relaunching the biosphere.

FORGET THE PAST

The new agriculture, sylviculture, mariculture, aquaculture will become more productive and intensive in real terms, measured in average biomass production, basically carbon fixation per unit area, but to us at present in the early 21st century the results could look like a return to wilderness. The changeover will almost never be rapid, making for periods of both economic crisis and social distress, with its sure and certain political spinoffs.

In the past, almost every major desert in the world has had its own recovery and forestation plan, often leaving disastrous results, especially in ex-Soviet central Asia, in India and Pakistan, in China and Australia, in the US and Chile, in the MENA region (Middle East and North Africa) and elsewhere. One common cause of failure has always been the attempt to apply agribusiness "farming" methods in the desert: for example intensive fertilizer use. Conversely, the application of aquaculture biomass recovery and development methods, and mariculture for seaboard desert areas, has rarely been applied.

Today in several world regions, attempts are under way to show the potential of growing crops in the desert with only the use of salt water and renewable energy, notably using salt water greenhouses, concentrated solar power and solar cells, algae cultivation ponds and salt drying facilities. The major problem is the keyword "crops", meaning commercial food-surplus agriculture, rather than traditional self-sufficient and local-consumed food production. Authorities on sustainable agriculture, among them Jules Pretty and Miguel Altieri consider it as close to synonymous with “traditional agriculture”.

We therefore already find two main causes of failure in projects claimed to bet setting out to Greening the Desert: the use of agribusiness "farming" methods and the goal of producing exportable crops at a profit. This second goal can come - but later. Because traditional bioresource-conserving agriculture is treated by any major aid donor or international development organization like the World Bank and its regional development banks as a handicap to economic growth. Governments and international agencies are keen to prevent indigenous peoples from practising it anymore, and force them to adopt industrial for-profit agriculture.  Where the available land is semidesert - with no large stock of nutrients to mine and species to pillage, for profit, to effectively destroy with agribusiness - we find the basic reason why no major government, development agency or transnational corporation funds action to green the deserts. With no near term prospect of agricultural surplus, and therefore profit, there will be no investment.

The reason why we are trapped in the past can be summarised as follows: Sheltering behind the business-as-usual claim that because of continuing population growth and urbanisation only intensive agriculture can ‘win the race’ against rising numbers of mouths to feed, the world's deserts must grow.  As we know from the FAO's annual reports on world hunger, this 'race against hunger' has been lost for at least a decade. As we know from climate change, anthropogenic desertification has very long term and large negative effects on global ecosystems and bioresources.

DRIVING THE CHANGE

Despite its never ending quest to force the global economy, urbanization and industrialization down the throat of all peoples, calling it No Alternative, the World Bank has also commmissioned many reports which clearly show the superiority of traditional agriculture. Long-known trees, shrubs, vegetation, crops and animal species are always the best choices, do exist, and have existed for a long time. Traditional methods of "desert control" exist, worldwide, but only a few organizations (such as ICRISAT) study these ready made solutions, while gimmicks such the Bill Gates "plan" to fight world hunger and exploit lower-grade agricultural land, with the help of Monsanto are given massive free publicity in the media.

Any programme for greening the desert to produce alternate energy resources, necessarily biomass, will therefore need to integrate all available local and traditional knowledge and practices, and blend the modern with traditional. Indicating the sensitivity of desert-prone areas to the wrong types of agriculture and land use, before about 3500 BC the Sahara included many areas of sustained food production and animal husbandry. Even as late as about 500 BC, the Garamantes of what is Libya today had achieved this development by digging tunnels far into the mountains flanking the valley to tap fossil water and bring it to their fields. However, due to population growth and military expansion, the Garamantes civilization collapsed through insufficient slave labour to dig the tunnels to find available water in the aquifers. As we know, not only the Sahara but many other deserts have large amounts of fossil water resources, but the type of bioresource and ecosystem development applied for greening the Desert will always be critical.

Like it or not ‘modern’ fossil energy, pesticide and fertilizer dependent agriculture is on the way out. Diminishing returns extend from pesticide and fertiliser use, through irrigation, to the diseconomies and damage caused by the use of GM or ‘transgenic’ plants and animals. Rarely understood by observers taking the apparent total oil demand of world agriculture as "only a few percent" of total oil demand, the long and complex food production, processing and supply chain is intensely dependent on oil. This especially includes the worldwide transport of essential food imports for the growing number of food import dependent nations, as well as operating tractors and farm machinery, farm buildings, producing fertilisers and pesticides, and processing and packaging food products transported to supermarkets. One example is the food transport need of the overpopulated and over-urbanized UK: this requires about 85 billion ton kilometres of food product and animal feeds transport, brought into the UK by sea, air and road, needing the consumption of about 1.6 billion litres of fuel, each year.

A more vulnerable, fossil energy dependent, and inefficient situation is difficult to imagine. The "collateral damage" of ever-growing desert areas worldwide completes the picture of a destructive (and self destructive) system that has reached the end of the road. As with the Peak Oil paradigm, of oil becoming more expensive until it is only affordable to minorities, the food scarcity paradigm driven by the wanton destruction of the world's bioresources and ecosystems threatens us all.

Greening the Desert is therefore a basic necessity.  The simple fact this subject is almost totally absent from the media, and totally ignored by all politicians, merely underlines how No Alternative "thinking" or the refusal to face up to reality dominates our society.

By Andrew McKillop

Contact: xtran9@gmail.com

Former chief policy analyst, Division A Policy, DG XVII Energy, European Commission. Andrew McKillop Biographic Highlights

Co-author 'The Doomsday Machine', Palgrave Macmillan USA, 2012

Andrew McKillop has more than 30 years experience in the energy, economic and finance domains. Trained at London UK’s University College, he has had specially long experience of energy policy, project administration and the development and financing of alternate energy. This included his role of in-house Expert on Policy and Programming at the DG XVII-Energy of the European Commission, Director of Information of the OAPEC technology transfer subsidiary, AREC and researcher for UN agencies including the ILO.

© 2012 Copyright Andrew McKillop - All Rights Reserved Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors.


© 2005-2019 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Comments

David Banks
17 Apr 12, 07:27
CO2

Actually if you put more CO2 into the air it would make the deserts retreat. Not only do plants grow much faster in a higher CO2 atmosphere they do so with less water wasted. If we could get the CO2 levels up to 1000ppm most every desert would green up. It would cause about .3-.4C in heating but this would most likely cause it to rain more. You see the effects of CO2 are logarithmic and the first 20ppm does 90% of all the warming. I do agree we should tone down the destruction of the rain forests and the use of chemicals and fertilizers. However to be able to do that we need to kill half the population of mankind, any volunteers?

We are also at the beginning of a Grand Solar Minimum which in the past has indicated global cooling. Time will tell as we have no control on the sun. Don't look now but Antarctica has had record sea ice the last few years and the Arctic has been coming on strong to. If you look at the long term graphs of the sea ice you will notice that Antarctica turned up 30 years ago at the time the Arctic turned down. They are out of phase with one another and they are starting to shift the other way since the PDO turned to cold cycle. When the AMO turns cold in a few years look out. Life is a crap shoot but I advise at least 6 months of food storage at all times.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

6 Critical Money Making Rules