Most Popular
1. Dow Max Drawdown Bear Stock Market 2022 - Accumulating Deviations from the Highs - 21st Feb 22
2.Putin Starts WW3 in Ukraine, Will Use Tactical Nuclear Weapons, China Prepares Taiwan Blitzkrieg - 28th Feb 22
3.World War 3 Phase 1 - Putin WINS Ukraine War! - 25th Feb 22
5.Will There Be A 2024 US Presidential Election? - 3rd Mar 22
6.Gold and SIlver, Precious Metals Sector Is at a Terrific Buy Spot - 6th Feb 22
7.Why Putin Wants the WHOLE of Ukraine - World War 3 Untended Consequences - 6th Feb 22
8.Dow Stock Market Expected Max Drawdown 2022 - 19th Feb 22
9.Stock Market Calm In the Eye of the Inflation Storm - 4th Mar 22
10.M = F - Everything is Waving! Stock Market Forward Guidance - 7th Mar 22
Last 7 days
How Low Could the Amazon (AMZN) Stock Price Fall? - 19th May 22
Bitten by FANG? Clocked by Cryptos? -- 'Air Pockets' Everywhere - 19th May 22
Northern General Hospital Orthopedics Fractures and and Ankle Clinic Consultations Real Patient Experience - 19th May 22
Cathie Wood Goes All in on Teladoc, ARKK INSANE Noob Investing Strategy! - 17th May 22
This is Anything but Positive for US Housing Market - 17th May 22
What Should We Do If There Is No Fed Monetary Policy Pivot? - 17th May 22
All Possible Ways to Earn Free Litecoin - 17th May 22
How low Could the Amazon Stock Price Fall? - 16th May 22
Cathy Wood ARKK INSANITY There is NO Coming Back! - 16th May 22
NASDAQ 100 Stock Market LOWER LOWS & LOWER HIGH - 16th May 22
Sanctions, trade wars worsen US inflation - 16th May 22
AI Tech Stocks Earnings BloodBath Buying Opportunity - 14th May 22
Futures Contract – Trading Crude Oil With USO - 14th May 22
How to Get Kaspersky Internet Security for 80% Discount! Do not Pay Renewal Price! - 14th May 22
Sagittarius A* Super Massive Black Hole Monster at Centre of Our Galaxy REVEALED! - 14th May 22
UK Public Debt Smoking Inflation Gun - 13th May 22
What Happens When the Stock Market Dip Keeps Dipping? - 13th May 22
Biden Seeks Inflation Scapegoats; Gold Advocate Wins GOP Primary - 13th May 22
Apple and Microsoft Nuts Are About to CRACK and Send Stock Market Sharply Lower - 12th May 22
The War on Gold Ensures the Dollar’s Downfall - 12th May 22
Crypto Investors Stable Coins TERROR as Terra USD COLLAPSEs towards ZERO, Tether Next! - 11th May 22
The Dominant Investing Theme of the Decade - 11th May 22
Is Bitcoin Headed to Zero? - 11th May 22
RECESSION RISKS 2023 - 10th May 22
The Future of the Dollar Seems So Bright It’s Blinding Gold - 10th May 22
Take Advantage When Markets Succumb to Fear - 10th May 22
How to Recognize a Less\ Than Obvious Opportunity (In focus: Corn) - 10th May 22
How to Ensure Financial Stability for Your Family - 10th May 22
The Stocks Stealth BEAR Market - 9th May 22
A Strengthening US Dollar Is A Double-Edged Sword - 9th May 22
Making Wise Investment Decisions - 9th May 22
Ways to legalize a Moving Company - 9th May 22

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

How to Protect your Wealth by Investing in AI Tech Stocks

BrExit to Save Europe from Climate Change Refugee Migration Apocalypse

ElectionOracle / Climate Change Jun 22, 2016 - 11:52 AM GMT

By: Nadeem_Walayat


The Latest opinion poll by YouGov puts REMAIN marginally ahead on 45% against LEAVE on 44%, which illustrates that both LEAVE and REMAIN camps are virtually neck and neck, literally balanced on a knife edge going into voting day that compares against the dramatic shifts in the polls of the past 10 days.

The opinion polls momentum chart clearly shows a trend since Mid May of LEAVE gaining ground against REMAIN which by the start of June had both virtually neck and neck into the 13th of June when LEAVE started to pull strongly away from REMAIN, right up until last Thursdays horrific event that literally resulted in momentum being put into reverse gear for LEAVE that led to REMAIN taking a marginal polls lead that it continues to maintain though without momentum to carry the marginal lead any further.

With the latest poll now effectively putting both sides finally balanced on a knife edge, in a very similar situation to that of the first week of June when alternating polls would give either LEAVE or REMAIN marginal leads. Then it is no wonder than most political pundits are calling the referendum as being too close to call as now both sides are neck and beck and neither side is showing momentum to accelerate away from the other which means to expect a manic frenzy of activity in this last day of campaigning from both sides.

Against this my forecast conclusion of BEFORE last Thursdays event, on the basis of the sum of year long analysis including over 120 articles and over a dozen videos concluded that the most probable outcome was likely to be LEAVE winning on 51.3% against REMAIN on 48.7%

EU Referendum Forecast - 12th June 16

UK 2016 EU Referendum Forecast

The average of the last 6 polls has REMAIN in the lead on 51% against LEAVE on 49% (11th June). However the REMAIN lead is set against the big picture of momentum being on the side of LEAVE that appears to be ACCELERATING. For instance 3 weeks ago REMAIN were ahead on 54% to 46%, which was typical of the REMAINs lead since the start of 2016 that entered the new year on 56% against 44%.

However, if as I expect that the LEAVE campaign momentum can be maintained for the remaining 11 days then LEAVE should be able to just achieve a tight referendum victory. Therefore the sum of my year long analysis comprising well over 120 articles and over a dozen videos then my forecast conclusion is for a LEAVE victory of 51.3% to 48.7%, a winning margin of less than 2.7%.

But to achieve this victory all Brexiters need to further intensify their efforts because as things stand today (12th June) REMAIN is probably just marginally ahead with less than 1% between REMAIN and LEAVE on an estimated 50.4% REMAIN against 49.6% LEAVE, so there is still a lot of hard work to be done in these last few days do achieve a LEAVE Brexit outcome.

This analysis continues from Part 1 that focused upon UK immigration from 1970 to 2015 which demonstrated that since Labour took office in 1997 and started to sign up to the subsequent EU open border treaties, that immigration been to increasingly become out of control with net migration jumping from an average of 36k a year (1980-1997) to 206k a year (1998-2015) with the most recent data for 2015 of 330k confirming that the trend is still accelerating which implies that net migration could easily exceed 400k per annum by 2020 and that is before one touches on the fact that official ONS data may be under reporting REAL EU immigration by as much as 50%!

Part 1 Covered:

  • Immigration 1970 to 1983
  • Immigration 1984 to 1997
  • Immigration 1998 to 2015
  • Latest ONS Migration Statistics and Consequences
  • EU Migration
  • NON EU Migration
  • ONS Statistics Could be Under Reporting REAL Immigration by 50%!
  • Why People are Migrating to the UK
  • UK Housing Crisis Consequences

Read Part1 here - 07 Jun 2016 - EU Referendum - Britain's Immigration / Migrant Crisis Explained

Or watch the video's (click to watch) :



LEAVE's primary case for withdrawing from the European Union is so that Britain can gain control over it's borders, against which REMAIN can offer no real defence to what is an accelerating trend of out of control immigration that has leapt from an annual net rate of 36k per annum 18 years ago to 330k per annum today and will within a few short years past the 400k per annum mark, onwards and upwards and without limit. Whilst my long standing forecast is for the UK population to grow from 62.2 million as of Mid 2010 to at least 70.5 million by 2030 as excerpted below:

UK Population Growth and Immigration Trend Forecast 2010 to 2030)

The assumptions being factored into the UK population growth forecast are for a natural UK population growth rate of births exceeding deaths of 0.33% per year (current 200k), coupled with net average current immigration trend of 240k per year, supplemented with climate change refugees averaging 50k per year from 2015 onwards extrapolates into the following trend forecast over the next 10 years that targets a rise from 62.2 million as of mid 2010 to 67 million by mid 2020, and should the same trend be maintained beyond 2020 then the UK population could rise to above 72 million by mid 2030. However in all probability the country will not experience the post 2020 trend due to several converging factors including political pressures, capacity constraints and the UK's relegation in the economic prosperity leagues. Which implies a tapering off of net immigration in favour of natural growth which implies a lower total of nearer 70.5 million by 2030 as illustrated by the below graph.

The updated UK population graph shows an actual trend trajectory as per the most recent population data into Mid 2015 of 65.1 million, which suggests that the UK population could increase by an additional 3.5 million to my original forecast to 74 million by 2030 as a consequence of continuing out of control immigration and high birth rate that in total would translate into a population increase equivalent to 15 cities the size of Birmingham, despite the fact that it well over 40 years since the last new town was built let alone city!

And even 73.5 million by 2030 may turn out to be under estimating what actually transpires given the current accelerating population growth trend. This has huge implications for Britain in terms of housing, services, wages, education, welfare and social cohesion that will make the crisis of the past decade look like a picnic. I have covered the consequences of out of control immigration on Britain's housing market many times over the past few years as illustrated by the following recent videos:


Human population has seen explosive growth over the past 200 years, which has prompted some such as David Attenborough to liken humans to a plague on the planet and the only way to save the planet is to urgently limit population growth.

“We are a plague on the Earth. It’s coming home to roost over the next 50 years or so. It’s not just climate change; it’s sheer space, places to grow food for this enormous horde. Either we limit our population growth or the natural world will do it for us, and the natural world is doing it for us right now.” - David Attenborough

It took the world population 130 years to double from 1 billion to 2 billion (1800 to 1930), and the next 1 billion was added to total 3 billion by 1960, and then more than doubling again to currently stand at 7.2 billion. Which under any measures has demonstrated an exponential rate of increase. However humans are not done with population growth yet ! For the United Nations population division forecasts that the worlds population looks set to add a further 3.5 billion to reach an end century total of near 11 billion.

However, what's worse is that the vast majority of future population growth looks set to take place in those regions that barely able to cope with their existing population levels let alone when their populations more than quadruple in number!

Africa's Population Explosion

What's lost in the midst of this years migrant crisis of over 1 million migrants heading for Europe's shores, five times the number for 2014, is the consequences of the REAL MEGA-TREND, and not just of the war in Syria but the fact that Africa (North and South) is undergoing a population explosion that is literally manifesting in an exponential trend, one of MORE than doubling of Africa's population every 40 years that looks set to make today's migrant crisis look like a picnic when compared against several millions more per year who will be heading for Europe's shores in the not too distant future as the following global population graph based on UN data illustrates.

Key points are that the populations of all continents are in the process of stabilising and leveling off or be in decline by Mid century. All that is expect Africa that has already quadrupled in population over the past 60 years (1950 to 2010) from 228 million (1950) to 1,031 million (2010) and again looks set to quadruple by the end of the century to over 4.2 billion.

To imagine that a rate of population increase of approaching 30 million per year is not going to encourage migration in the millions to Europe is tantamount to sticking ones head in the sand, which is precisely where a blinkered European Union has firmly stuck its head for the past 2 decades, completely ignorant of the consequences of Africa's population explosion for if Europe cannot cope with today's 1 million per annum then what is going to happen when 2 million, 4 million, and then 8 million per annum flee the chaos of an over populated Africa that over 150 years will have gone from a population of 228 million to 4.2 billion a near 20 fold increase!

In 1950 when Africa had a population of 228 million against that of Europe's population of 550 million.

Today Africa's population has soared to near 1.2 billion against Europe that is peaking at 740 million or now 160% of Europe's population against just 41% in 1950.

However, the United Nations population division forecasts a further near quadrupling in Africa's population to 4.2 billion by the end of this century which means that Europe could in a worse case scenario be on the receiving end of as many as 500 million migrants over the next 85 years from Africa alone at the rate of 5.8 mill average per year.

Therefore today's migration crisis is just the mere tip of the Africa population explosion ice-berg that will make itself increasingly felt with each passing year, pushing Europe slowly in the direction of Britain's stance should Britain choose to LEAVE the European Union, as EU member states have over the past 6 months already been putting up new border fences and frontier controls, that herald the first tentative steps towards addressing the migrant crisis that faces Europe. Unfortunately the European Union of 28 member states is an unwieldy beast which as crisis after crisis demonstrates tends to act too little too late and is thus destined always be playing catch up in facing what amounts to an epic migrant crisis out of Africa alone.


There is a consequence of the human population explosion, of going from 1 billion to 7.2 billion today and next upwards to at least 10 billion by the end of this century and that is the increasing impact of human activity on all areas of the planet, the foremost of which is climate change as a consequence of burning fossil fuels and deforestation.

So what are the facts of climate change?

Rising Temperatures

Atmospheric Green house gasses of which Co2 tops the list, has as a consequence of human activity broken out of its 400,000 year range and entered an exponentially rising curve.

The ten hottest years of the past 130 years have occurred in the last 12 years. Each of the past 12 months have been the hottest months on record, that's 12 record setting months in a row! Typically adding 0.9c to 1.3c to global average temperatures which is set against the 2c target for the whole of this century!

Sea Level Rise - Global sea levels rose 16cm last century as a consequence of melting ice sheets of Antarctica and Greenland and Glaciers elsewhere. However, the last decade alone has seen sea levels rise by about 20cm, which is set against governmental expectations for no more than a 1 metre rise for the whole of this century that could turn out to be anywhere from 5 to 10 ten times that level. Which would be catastrophic for many regions as nations such as China, India and Bangladesh are at the top of the list for being impacted by sea level rise, who alone could see over 350 million people turned into climate change refugees.

For instance a melt of Greenlands ice alone would add about 7 metres to global sea levels, and if Antarctic's ice sheets totally melted then that would see as much as a 70 metre increase in sea levels. Therefore governmental expectations for just 1 metre rise grossly under-estimate what's likely to happen. Especially when one considers that warming oceans and seas will result in reduction of density and thus expanding volume, that alone could account for the governmental 1 metre target.

Ocean Acidification - Acidity of the surface ocean waters has now increased by over 30% since the industrial revolution as a consequence of oceans absorbing some of the co2 released through human activity. Apart form the impact on marine life, the other consequences of this are impacting ocean currents such as the gulf stream resulting in more extreme weather events right across the globe.

Desertification - Rising temperatures coupled with human action's such as deforestation is resulting in the loss of an estimated 30 billion tons of fertile soil per year, equivalent to the area of all of the farmland of the United States.

Climate Change Consequences

The world is undergoing its sixth mass extinction event, the last being that of the dinosaurs some 65 million years ago. This time the culprit is the human species, where to date humans have done little to bring the trend of mass extinction to a halt which illustrates that perhaps there is nothing humans can do about it but just continue blindingly along a trend that turns much of the planet into an inhospitable barren landscape that is unable to support most of existing life let alone human life.

So whilst we focus on the human consequences of climate change i.e. climate change refugees, however parallel to this is a mass extinction going on of life on earth, a massive reduction in bio diversity that the planet relies on to adapt to environmental changes which ultimately risks our OWN extinction, or at the the very least an end of our modern civilisation, putting the human trend into reverse gear on a far more hostile planet that is unable to support 7.2 billion hungry humans let alone over 10 billion, which implies climate change consequences ensure that the human population will probably never make it to 10 billion as the next 20 years will dramatically demonstrate, in fact this century may end with the human world population lower than where it began and not for any good reasons, for vast swathes of productive farm land will have become arid over the next 84 years.

In terms of the impact on most in the west well that will be to see a continuing trend for costly storms and flooding, that will tend to become worse each passing year as once in century events become once in decades events such as the flooding that hit London and much of the South of England in 2014 and again the North of England just 6 months ago.

So the effects of climate change are being felt right NOW, and look set to worsen with the passage of time, the consequences of which will be financial and economic. And this is before the consequences of 10 metres or so of sea level rise has even been considered. In terms of consequences for ordinary people then this will clearly hit low lying property markets at less than 15 metres above sea level and river basins hard.

So in my opinion, home buyers should as a minimum not buy properties of less than 30 metres above sea level AND 10 metres in elevation from the valley floor / height of the normal river, even though this would remove many properties out of potential target locations and will extend to far beyond the environment agency's own current flood maps that tend to only cover 2 to 4 metres above the normal height of nearby rivers as recognised flood plains.

What are the Worlds Governments Doing about Climate Change ?

The worlds governments in Paris agreed to limit average global temperature increase to a maximum of 2 degrees this century by adopting measures to limit the release of green house gasses such as carbon dioxide from burning of fossil fuels.

The only problem with this is average temperatures have already increased by at least 0.9c ! So at this rate average global temperatures are heading towards a catastrophic +5.5c increase by the end of this century, and the trend is accelerating i.e. 2016 is on track to be +1.3c above the long-term average, which means the world could hit its target for the century as early as 2020!

The Methane Factor

If things weren't bad enough there are the other consequences of global warming temperatures and melting arctic ice and perma-frost in addition to rising sea levels which is the release of huge amounts of frozen methane, a gas that is 25 times more potent a green house gas than carbon dioxide that risks triggering a run way greenhouse effect as the warmer the arctic becomes the more methane is released, a runaway trend that could literally run for centuries!

Which means whilst this century could turn out to be catastrophic as the worlds governments try to cap Co2 emissions. However, all their efforts look set to be blown away as a consequence of release of frozen methane that by end of this century could outstrip Co2 in terms as the primary driver for climate change. Worse still the NEXT century could be truly apocalyptic! Which I am sure will appeal to the world's religious death cults who will soon start penciling in new dates for End Times Armageddon when their respective messiahs will return to rapture them straight to heaven!

Climate Change Refugees

So pardon my language when I say that we are FUCKED! There is NOTHING that can now be done to avert the consequences of climate change which will make its effects and dire consequences increasingly felt with each passing year.

To illustrate the point of what to expect then what do you think is going to happen when whole nations such as Bangladesh virtually cease to exist, i.e. become near totally submerged. Where will those 200 million or so climate change refugees want to go to? And we don't have to wait for 50 years or so because already climate change is creating 200,000 Bangladeshi climate refugees per year and increasing.

The UN estimates there will be 200 million climate change refugees by 2050, or 5 times the current number. So what does that imply for a Europe that cannot cope with today's refugee crisis of 1 million per year, what is it going to be like when the crisis reaches 10 million per year and probably a lot more? And that is based on conservative climate change consequences of 2c by the end of 2100. If 5c+ happens as seems very likely then one can quadruple the number of climate change refugees! Most of whom will be wanting to migrate to 'rich' Europe.

So again pardon my language but we really ARE FUCKED! The world we live in today is already rapidly accelerating towards the world we will be living in 20 years from now which will be unrecognisable of which just one consequence will be mass migration. Other's include the emergence of totalitarian states in response to economic, social and environmental crisis which is where perhaps an already undemocratic European Union is on the fast track towards arriving, using it's EU army to try and keep law and order in chaos.

Therefore in my honest opinion the only thing that Britain can do is to ACT FIRST by LEAVING the European Union which will enable Britain to start to implement measures that will allow Britain to best cope with the population explosion climate change migration crisis storm that is heading our way and that which will worsen with each passing year, as europeans will increasingly attempt to escape a continent that will literally be drowning to life boat Britain!

Investing for Climate Change

In investing terms, clearly agricultural and soft commodities are likely to see epic bull markets over the next 20 years, which will likely be the focus of much of my analysis over the next two decades. Whilst increasingly panicking governmental actions mean that the green energy sector such as solar and wind should do well in terms of government sponsored demand. And where the food crisis is concerned then clearly companies producing drought and temperature resistance seeds such as Monsanto should also prosper. And as reservoirs and aquifers run dry then the case for the widespread construction of desalination plants should result in a sustained boom for that sector too.

Whilst those sectors that contribute towards green house gasses such as oil and gas are increasingly likely to come under pressure.

BrExit to Save Europe from the Apocalypse

Whilst today's debate centres around whether Britain will vote to LEAVE the European Union, primarily so that the UK can gain control over its borders in the wake of over 15 years of out of control EU immigration. However, given the time-frame for implementation of BrExit following an Referendum Vote to LEAVE the EU then such negotiations would likely continue for several years. Possibly even five more years of not only net migration into the UK ratcheting ever higher as net migration in the 300,000's gives way to the 400,000's, but rather even the likes of Germany and Sweden this year have already been showing signs of migration panic and it won't be many more years when they too attempt to slam their doors shut to ALL migrants, even those from WITHIN the EU.

So by the time the UK has finally exited the EU, by say 2021, then the example of BrExit coupled with a further worsening of the annual refugee crisis, then the Europe of 2021 may no longer resemble the European Union of today's open borders as by then member states in significant numbers will have become more aware of magnitude of the potential for an exponential migration crisis triggered by population explosion and climate change that will keep worsening every year, and every decade, that risks consuming Europe and triggering the emergence of totalitarian states that would once more devalue all human life.

There are already signs of panic in the air, as the EU is splashing billions around North Africa and not forgetting the annual bribe of Euro 3 billion paid to Turkey that carry's with it the promise of visa free access for near 80 million Turks. Whilst the REMAIN camp counters LEAVE claims that given the chance many of the 80 million Turks would flood into Europe with the fact that Turkey won't be joining the EU anytime soon. All without realising that 80 million Turks Don't need Turkey to join the EU to want to head this way, just as 8 million Syrians don't need Syria to be part of the EU to head this way and so it will be the SAME for Turks as Turkey feels the wrath of instability, economic and social as a consequence of climate change as it follows the route of where Syria lies today, that is the ultimate destination for many sovereign states in and outside of the EU.

So a decade or two from now how many hundreds of billions of euros will be being offered as bribes right across Africa in an doomed attempt to stem the tide of climate change refugees and economic migrants? So understand this that the European Union is DOOMED. The only thing that can save europe is the wake up call that a BrExit would deliver, likely first triggering a halt and then reversal in the trend towards forming a European Superstate, so that ALL European nations and not just Britain can start to implement policies to best cope with the climate change apocalypse that the world faces this century !

Unfortunately this article is note quite as comprehensive as I would have liked it to have been because I basically ran out of time! Tomorrow is June 23rd!

So vote LEAVE to SAVE Europe from the Climate Change Apocalypse!

Source and comments:

By Nadeem Walayat

Copyright © 2005-2016 (Market Oracle Ltd). All rights reserved.

Nadeem Walayat has over 25 years experience of trading derivatives, portfolio management and analysing the financial markets, including one of few who both anticipated and Beat the 1987 Crash. Nadeem's forward looking analysis focuses on UK inflation, economy, interest rates and housing market. He is the author of five ebook's in the The Inflation Mega-Trend and Stocks Stealth Bull Market series that can be downloaded for Free.

Housing Markets Forecast 2014-2018The Stocks Stealth Bull Market 2013 and Beyond EbookThe Stocks Stealth Bull Market Update 2011 EbookThe Interest Rate Mega-Trend EbookThe Inflation Mega-trend Ebook

Nadeem is the Editor of The Market Oracle, a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication that presents in-depth analysis from over 1000 experienced analysts on a range of views of the probable direction of the financial markets, thus enabling our readers to arrive at an informed opinion on future market direction.

Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any trading losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors before engaging in any trading activities.

Nadeem Walayat Archive

© 2005-2019 - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


23 Jun 16, 23:04
Brexit vote Remain Win

After the polls have closed, but before the results being to trickle in, I forecast that, regrettably, the Remain camp will win, even though they are neck-and-neck in the opinion polls. The reason is that there has always been a swing on polling day towards retaining the status quo. I shall be delighted if I am wrong!

24 Jun 16, 00:00
Climate Change

Dear Nadeem,

As a professional meteorologist for 40 years and a former UK Chief Forecaster for Defence, I know something of atmospheric processes! I support your concern about global warming and the consequences of ice melt. It is the biggest threat to mankind, after nuclear war or a virus pandemic, but it is better not to exaggerate the threat. I would make two comments:

I am pleased you didn't fall into the trap of attributing any rise in sea level to the melting of floating ice. As Archimedes discovered, a floating body (such as an iceberg) displaces only its own weight of water. Therefore when it melts it will only occupy the same space as it occupied as ice. Some people get that wrong.

Secondly, the Greenland plateau consists of peripheral mountain ranges that almost surround and restrain near 3 million cubic kilometres of ice, between 2 and 3 km deep. Current thinking is that this ice will take something like a millennium to melt, raising the global sea level by some 7.2 metres. This is because the top of the ice plateau has a mean annual temperature between minus 20 and minus 30 degrees C, and the surface only melts for brief periods each summer. Despite frequent addition through snowfall, there is a net loss of some 200 cubic kilometres per year, which makes it the largest cause of sea level rise, after the thermal expansion of the oceans themselves. Antarctica is less of a concern. For the foreseeable future, increased snowfall over the interior may well balance the loss of ice around the periphery.

So you are right to worry about global warming and sea level rise, but your 10 metre sea level rise is likely to take 1,000 years rather than 100 years.

24 Jun 16, 00:11
Brexit Win

Then I am happy to tell you that you WILL get it WRONG :)

Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in