Best of the Week
Most Popular
1. TESLA! Cathy Wood ARK Funds Bubble BURSTS! - 12th May 21
2.Stock Market Entering Early Summer Correction Trend Forecast - 10th May 21
3.GOLD GDX, HUI Stocks - Will Paradise Turn into a Dystopia? - 11th May 21
4.Crypto Bubble Bursts! Nicehash Suspends Coinbase Withdrawals, Bitcoin, Ethereum Bear Market Begins - 16th May 21
5.Crypto Bubble BURSTS! BTC, ETH, XRP CRASH! NiceHash Seizes Funds on Account Halting ALL Withdrawals! - 19th May 21
6.Cathy Wood Ark Invest Funds Bubble BURSTS! ARKK, ARKG, Tesla Entering Severe Bear Market - 13th May 21
7.Stock Market - Should You Be In Cash Right Now? - 17th May 21
8.Gold to Benefit from Mounting US Debt Pile - 14th May 21
9.Coronavius Covid-19 in Italy in August 2019! - 13th May 21
10.How to Invest in HIGH RISK Tech Stocks for 2021 and Beyond - Part 2 of 2 - 18th May 21
Last 7 days
USDT is 9-11 for Central Banks the Bitcoin Black Swan - Tether Un-Stable Coin Ponzi Schemes! - 30th Jul 21
Behavior of Inflation and US Treasury Bond Yields Seems… Contradictory - 30th Jul 21
Gold and Silver Precious Metals Technical Analysis - 30th Jul 21
The Inadvertent Debt/Inflation Trap – Is It Time for the Stock Market To Face The Music? - 30th Jul 21
Fed Stocks Nothingburger, Dollar Lower, Focus on GDP, PCE - 30th Jul 21
Reverse REPO Market Brewing Financial Crisis Black Swan Danger - 29th Jul 21
Next Time You See "4 Times as Many Stock Market Bulls as There Are Bears," Remember This - 29th Jul 21
USDX: More Sideways Trading Ahead? - 29th Jul 21
WEALTH INEQUALITY WASN'T BY HAPPENSTANCE! - 29th Jul 21
Waiting On Silver - 29th Jul 21
Showdown: Paper vs. Physical Markets - 29th Jul 21
New set of Priorities needed for Unstoppable Global Warming - 29th Jul 21
The US Dollar is the Driver of the Gold & Silver Sectors - 28th Jul 21
Fed: Murderer of Markets and the Middle Class - 28th Jul 21
Gold And Silver – Which Will Have An Explosive Price Rally And Which Will Have A Sustained One? - 28th Jul 21
I Guess The Stock Market Does Not Fear Covid - So Should You? - 28th Jul 21
Eight Do’s and Don’ts For Options Traders - 28th Jul 21
Chasing Value in Unloved by Markets Small Cap Biotech Stocks for the Long-run - 27th Jul 21
Inflation Pressures Persist Despite Biden Propaganda - 27th Jul 21
Gold Investors Wavering - 27th Jul 21
Bogdance - How Binance Scams Futures Traders With Fake Bitcoin Prices to Run Limits and Margin Calls - 27th Jul 21
SPX Going for the Major Stock Market Top? - 27th Jul 21
What Is HND and How It Will Help Your Career Growth? - 27th Jul 21
5 Mobile Apps Day Traders Should Know About - 27th Jul 21
Global Stock Market Investing: Here's the Message of Consumer "Overconfidence" - 25th Jul 21
Gold’s Behavior in Various Parallel Inflation Universes - 25th Jul 21
Indian Delta Variant INFECTED! How infectious, Deadly, Do Vaccines Work? Avoid the PCR Test? - 25th Jul 21
Bitcoin Stock to Flow Model to Infinity and Beyond Price Forecasts - 25th Jul 21
Bitcoin Black Swan - GOOGLE! - 24th Jul 21
Stock Market Stalling Signs? Taking a Look Under the Hood of US Equities - 24th Jul 21
Biden’s Dangerous Inflation Denials - 24th Jul 21
How does CFD trading work - 24th Jul 21
Junior Gold Miners: New Yearly Lows! Will We See a Further Drop? - 23rd Jul 21
Best Forex Strategy for Consistent Profits - 23rd Jul 21
Popular Forex Brokers That You Might Want to Check Out - 22nd Jul 21
Bitcoin Black Swan - Will Crypto Currencies Get Banned? - 22nd Jul 21
Bitcoin Price Enters Stage #4 Excess Phase Peak Breakdown – Where To Next? - 22nd Jul 21
Powell Gave Congress Dovish Signs. Will It Help Gold Price? - 22nd Jul 21
What’s Next For Gold Is Always About The US Dollar - 22nd Jul 21
URGENT! ALL Windows 10 Users Must Do this NOW! Windows Image Backup Before it is Too Late! - 22nd Jul 21
Bitcoin Price CRASH, How to SELL BTC at $40k! Real Analysis vs Shill Coin Pumper's and Clueless Newbs - 21st Jul 21
Emotional Stock Traders React To Recent Market Rotation – Are You Ready For What’s Next? - 21st Jul 21
Killing Driveway Weeds FAST with a Pressure Washer - 8 months Later - Did it work?- Block Paving Weeds - 21st Jul 21
Post-Covid Stimulus Payouts & The US Fed Push Global Investors Deeper Into US Value Bubble - 21st Jul 21
What is Social Trading - 21st Jul 21
Would Transparency Help Crypto? - 21st Jul 21
AI Predicts US Tech Stocks Price Valuations Three Years Ahead (ASVF) - 20th Jul 21
Gold Asks: Has Inflation Already Peaked? - 20th Jul 21
FREE PASS to Analysis and Trend forecasts of 50+ Global Markets by Elliott Wave International - 20th Jul 21
Nissan to Create 1000s of jobs with electric vehicle investment in UK - 20th Jul 21

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

How to Protect your Wealth by Investing in AI Tech Stocks

Why Gold Is No Longer An Effective U.S. Dollar Hedge

Commodities / Gold and Silver 2011 Mar 21, 2011 - 05:26 AM GMT

By: Bob_Kirtley

Commodities

Best Financial Markets Analysis ArticleDuring the first nine years of this gold bull market, gold prices moved with a near perfect inverse relationship to the US dollar. Indeed, in the early years gold was only really moving up against the greenback, it was only after a few years that it began to appreciate against all currencies. The game plan was simple; the dollar is going down, so gold in USD terms is going up with some leverage factor. Gold worked well as both a USD hedge and as a tool to speculate on a USD decline. This is no longer the case.


Nothing lasts forever and over the past two years or so this inverse relationship has broken down significantly. The gold story is no longer simply a USD devaluation play.

As the above chart shows, although there are times when the inverse relationship remains intact, there are long periods where gold and the USD move together.

The most significant reason for this is that the Euros are a lot less desirable than they were a few years ago. Since all currencies trade on a relative basis, it doesn’t matter if the USD has poor fundamentals; if the picture for the Euro is worse relative to the USD, then the greenback will make gains against the Euro. During periods where the Eurozone debt crisis has been the focus of market attention, gold and US dollars have been bought since both are preferable to Euros and provided a safe haven.

The key point of this article is not to say that gold will not rise is if the US dollar falls, it is to point out that gold is no longer as effective as a USD hedge. To show this we present a scatter plot of the closing prices for the USD index and gold over the last 2 years.

Although the trend line has a slightly negative slope it is hardly convincing, and the R-squared value of 0.0188 further diminishes the creditworthiness of gold as a USD hedge. For those unfamiliar with this, the R-Squared value is a statistic that indicates how good one variable is at predicting the other. For our purposes it is a measure of how good a decline in the USD index is at predicting a rise in gold. If the R-Squared value is 1 then given the value of one variable, one can exactly predict the value of the other. If R-squared is 0 that means that knowing the value of one variable does not help you predict what the other variable will be. So the higher the R-Squared value the better one variable is at predicting what the other may be and therefore the stronger the implied relationship is between them. An R-squared value of 0.0188 is extremely poor, and almost indicates no predictive abilities between the movements in the USD and gold.

However to get a fairer picture we should look at the relative returns of the USD and gold.

This does give us a higher R-squared value at 0.0946, but it is still very low and hardly convincing that gold has been an effective hedge against declines in the USD over recent years. Repeating the above exercise for silver and the USD index yields similar results, with R-squared values of 0.0844 and 0.1269. Although these are slightly higher than gold is it is still nothing to write home about, let alone base a trading or investment strategy on.

To give you an idea of what a strong relationship between two assets should look like, we have repeated the above exercise for gold against silver, a relationship which is much stronger.



  Although gold and silver obviously have a positive correlation versus the negative correlation between gold and the USD and silver and USD, we are not looking at whether the relationship is positive or negative, we are only concerned with the strength of any such relationship.

Furthermore when we calculate the correlation coefficients for gold and the USD we get -0.137 and for the USD and silver we get -0.290; both of which imply a very weak negative correlation. Compare this with the very strong positive correlation between gold and silver of 0.905.

Therefore statically speaking, over the past two years gold has been a very poor hedge against a declining USD. Of course this situation may change, and just because the relationship has been weak over the last couple of years doesn’t mean that there were not periods where the USD and gold exhibited strong negative correlations. If the USD index were to fall out of bed we would be expecting gold prices to rise, however over a broader horizon or when moves are more moderate or contained within a range, don’t count on gold moving the opposite direction to the greenback.

In our opinion, if you hold a view that the USD Index is going to fall, then short the USD index rather that taking a long position on gold. You are running the risk that gold and USD could move together, and you are not being compensated for that risk by any leverage factor in gold. If you cannot trade futures, there are ETN’s that allow you to gain exposure to the USD index, such as the PowerShares DB US Dollar Bullish Fund (Symbol: UUP) and the PowerShares DB US Dollar Bearish Fund (Symbol: UDN). Options are traded on these funds as well if you wished to use options to play a move in the USD index.

In conclusion we hope to have shown that gold simply isn’t a clean hedge against the USD any more. When trading one should aim to tailor positions to match your view and optimize the risk/reward dynamics. If you think that the USD is going to fall, short it. If you think gold is going to rise, then buy gold. Taking a long position on gold purely since you think the USD index is going to fall is not really statistically justifiable due to the weakness of the relationship between the two. At SK Options Trading we are constantly refining trading techniques to ensure we are optimizing our risk/reward and tailoring our position using options to fit our view.

To stay updated on our market commentary, which gold stocks we are buying and why, please subscribe to The Gold Prices Newsletter, completely FREE of charge. Simply click here and enter your email address. (Winners of the GoldDrivers Stock Picking Competition 2007)

For those readers who are also interested in the silver bull market that is currently unfolding, you may want to subscribe to our Free Silver Prices Newsletter.

DISCLAIMER : Gold Prices makes no guarantee or warranty on the accuracy or completeness of the data provided on this site. Nothing contained herein is intended or shall be deemed to be investment advice, implied or otherwise. This website represents our views and nothing more than that. Always consult your registered advisor to assist you with your investments. We accept no liability for any loss arising from the use of the data contained on this website. We may or may not hold a position in these securities at any given time and reserve the right to buy and sell as we think fit.
Bob Kirtley Archive

© 2005-2019 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Comments

Richard
28 Mar 11, 16:10
Gold

I have recently checked with several of these Gold buyers and their are only offering 50% to 60% of what the gold is actually worth. WHAT A RIPOFF PEOPLE ARE FALLING FOR!!!


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in