Best of the Week
Most Popular
1. Investing in a Bubble Mania Stock Market Trending Towards Financial Crisis 2.0 CRASH! - 9th Sep 21
2.Tech Stocks Bubble Valuations 2000 vs 2021 - 25th Sep 21
3.Stock Market FOMO Going into Crash Season - 8th Oct 21
4.Stock Market FOMO Hits September Brick Wall - Evergrande China's Lehman's Moment - 22nd Sep 21
5.Crypto Bubble BURSTS! BTC, ETH, XRP CRASH! NiceHash Seizes Funds on Account Halting ALL Withdrawals! - 19th May 21
6.How to Protect Your Self From a Stock Market CRASH / Bear Market? - 14th Oct 21
7.AI Stocks Portfolio Buying and Selling Levels Going Into Market Correction - 11th Oct 21
8.Why Silver Price Could Crash by 20%! - 5th Oct 21
9.Powell: Inflation Might Not Be Transitory, After All - 3rd Oct 21
10.Global Stock Markets Topped 60 Days Before the US Stocks Peaked - 23rd Sep 21
Last 7 days
Stock Market Investing LESSON - Buying Value - 27th Nov 21
Corsair MP600 NVME M.2 SSD 66% Performance Loss After 6 Months of Use - Benchmark Tests - 27th Nov 21
Stock Maket Trading Lesson - How to REALLY Trade Markets - 26th Nov 21
SILVER Price Trend Analysis - 26th Nov 21
Federal Reserve Asks Americans to Eat Soy “Meat” for Thanksgiving - 26th Nov 21
Is the S&P 500 Topping or Just Consolidating? - 26th Nov 21
Is a Bigger Drop in Gold Price Just Around the Corner? - 26th Nov 21
Financial Stocks ETF Sector XLF Pullback Sets Up A New $43.60 Upside Target - 26th Nov 21
A Couple of Things to Think About Before Buying Shares - 25th Nov 21
UK Best Fixed Rate Tariff Deal is to NOT FIX Gas and Electric Energy Tariffs During Winter 2021-22 - 25th Nov 21
Stock Market Begins it's Year End Seasonal Santa Rally - 24th Nov 21
How Silver Can Conquer $50+ in 2022 - 24th Nov 21
Stock Market Betting on Hawkish Fed - 24th Nov 21
Stock Market Elliott Wave Trend Forecast - 24th Nov 21
Your once-a-year All-Access Financial Markets Analysis Pass - 24th Nov 21
Did Zillow’s $300 million flop prove me wrong? - 24th Nov 21
Now Malaysian Drivers Renew Their Kurnia Car Insurance Online With Fincrew.my - 24th Nov 21
Gold / Silver Ratio - 23rd Nov 21
Stock Market Sentiment Speaks: Can We Get To 5500SPX In 2022? But 4440SPX Comes First - 23rd Nov 21
A Month-to-month breakdown of how Much Money Individuals are Spending on Stocks - 23rd Nov 21
S&P 500: Rallying Tech Stocks vs. Plummeting Oil Stocks - 23rd Nov 21
Like the Latest Bond Flick, the US Dollar Has No Time to Die - 23rd Nov 21
Why BITCOIN NEW ALL TIME HIGH Changes EVERYTHING! - 22nd Nov 21
Cannabis ETF MJ Basing & Volatility Patterns - 22nd Nov 21
The Most Important Lesson Learned from this COVID Pandemic - 22nd Nov 21
Dow Stock Market Trend Analysis - 22nd Nov 21
UK Covid-19 Booster Jabs Moderna, Pfizer Are They Worth the Risk of Side effects, Illness? - 22nd Nov 21
US Dollar vs Yields vs Stock Market Trends - 20th Nov 21
Inflation Risk: Milton Friedman Would Buy Gold Right Now - 20th Nov 21
How to Determine if It’s Time for You to Outsource Your Packaging Requirements to a Contract Packer - 20th Nov 21
2 easy ways to play Facebook’s Metaverse Spending Spree - 20th Nov 21
Stock Market Margin Debt WARNING! - 19th Nov 21
Gold Mid-Tier Stocks Q3’21 Fundamentals - 19th Nov 21
Protect Your Wealth From PERMANENT Transitory Inflation - 19th Nov 21
Investors Expect High Inflation. Golden Inquisition Ahead? - 19th Nov 21
Will the Senate Confirm a Marxist to Oversee the U.S. Currency System? - 19th Nov 21
When Even Stock Market Bears Act Bullishly (What It May Mean) - 19th Nov 21
Chinese People do NOT Eat Dogs Newspeak - 18th Nov 21
CHINOBLE! Evergrande Reality Exposes China Fiction! - 18th Nov 21
Kondratieff Full-Season Stock Market Sector Rotation - 18th Nov 21
What Stock Market Trends Will Drive Through To 2022? - 18th Nov 21
How to Jump Start Your Motherboard Without a Power Button With Just a Screwdriver - 18th Nov 21
Bitcoin & Ethereum 2021 Trend - 18th Nov 21
FREE TRADE How to Get 2 FREE SHARES Fractional Investing Platform and ISA Specs - 18th Nov 21
Inflation Ain’t Transitory – But the Fed’s Credibility Is - 18th Nov 21
The real reason Facebook just went “all in” on the metaverse - 18th Nov 21
Biden Signs a Bill to Revive Infrastructure… and Gold! - 18th Nov 21
Silver vs US Dollar - 17th Nov 21
Silver Supply and Demand Balance - 17th Nov 21
Sentiment Speaks: This Stock Market Makes Absolutely No Sense - 17th Nov 21
Biden Spending to Build Back Stagflation - 17th Nov 21
Meshing Cryptocurrency Wealth Generation With Global Fiat Money Demise - 17th Nov 21
Dow Stock Market Trend Forecast Into Mid 2022 - 16th Nov 21
Stock Market Minor Cycle Correcting - 16th Nov 21
The INFLATION MEGA-TREND - Ripples of Deflation on an Ocean of Inflation! - 16th Nov 21

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

How to Protect your Wealth by Investing in AI Tech Stocks

Gold Market Manipulation Smoking Guns and Monetary Power

Commodities / Market Manipulation Sep 30, 2009 - 05:07 PM GMT

By: Adrian_Ash

Commodities

Best Financial Markets Analysis Article"The transcending value seen in the Dollar has lost its foundation..."

A SHORT SERIES of secret memos, published and dissected at ZeroHedge, provide the "smoking gun" of gold-market manipulation. Apparently.


And given this little slew of dusty archive-digging – throwing up three documents from 1968 to 1975, each one declassified within thirty years – then "If over 40 years ago the Fed and the members of the gold 'Pool' were openly intervening in the gold market, one can only imagine what the situation is now..."

Go on, just imagine. Because imagination is what you'll need if you're going to nail type-written notes from before the Moon Landings as primary, original-source evidence that the United States' official gold reserves – variously sold, lent, swapped or simply given away since the early 1990s – have been mobilized to suppress prices, pushing gold down from $250 an ounce a decade ago to, ummm, more than $1000 today.

These memos fret about shrinking gold reserves and the world's gold-driven money supply...Britain's failed deflation policy of the late '60s...whether South Africa will sell its new mine supply on the open market...German border taxes...and the "gold-like" qualities of the proposed Special Drawing Right (SDR). Such prehistory matters, yes. But it's a world away from demonstrating what newcomers to gold today may mistake for good cause to steer clear.

The little history these scattered notes sketch does echo today, however faintly. Are central banks buying gold at market prices – then France, now Beijing through via its domestic gold output? How to replace the abiding monetary standard – then gold, now the Dollar? And like the Fed memos reviewed on blogs elsewhere this year, the notes republished by ZeroHedge certainly prove one thing, at least:

Just how awkward gold became long before the collapse of the Bretton Woods monetary system. Bluntly put, it was a pain in the arse – and not only for Washington.

"Gold was causing such a rumpus that most authorities wished it would go away and stop bothering them," as the late Peter Bernstein wrote in his 2000 history, The Power of Gold. But with so much of the world's gold stacked up in their vaults, slipping away was impossible, and the world's monetary system instead "lurched from crisis to crisis" says Francis J.Gavin, University of Texas at Austin's professor of international affairs, in his 2004 monograph, Gold, Dollars & Power.

"There was not one year between 1958 and 1971," Gavin finds, "when the Dollar and gold problem was not the most pressing issue of American foreign economic policy." Or as President Kennedy put it in August 1962, "My God, this is the time...

"If everybody wants gold, we're all going to be ruined."

Luckily for JFK and the Dollar, not everyone wanted gold. Like Washington, the British government would have quite happily seen its former "badge of honor" turned to dust and swept away, too. Their private citizens were barred from owning gold, with strict controls applied across most of the rest of the developed (and communist) world. Yet with so many new US Dollars flooding the world...and with the Dollar-exchange clause of the 1944 Bretton Woods treaty still in force...less pliant friends increasingly asked for, and got, gold over dollars.

One nation actively sought to bring on the crisis. "There can be no other criterion, no other standard, than gold," announced French president Charles de Gaulle at a press conference on February 4, 1965 – "gold that never changes, that can be shaped into ingots, bars, coins...that has no nationality and that is eternally and universally accepted as the ultimate fiduciary value par excellence."

De Gaulle spoke in French, naturellement, in the gilded Salle des Fêtes of the Elysées Palace. But the White House's least Francophone staffers could get the message loud and clear when, six days later, de Gaulle's finance minister – future French president Giscard d'Estaing – announced in a lecture at the University of Paris that, from now on, France would swap every new Dollar it accumulated for gold bullion from the Federal Reserve.

The major powers, he said, should "make a solemn and unequivocal declaration" to likewise settle all their international payments in gold. Which was an easy thing for France to declare, given its large balance-of-trade surplus.

To drive the point home, France then made headlines around the world by announcing it would not only swap all new Dollars for gold...but immediately ship that new gold straight to France, too.

What could the United States do? As BullionVault has noted time and again, the final collapse of the Gold-Exchange Standard – put out of its misery in Aug. 1971, when Richard Nixon canceled America's gold-for-dollars obligation – came because the US government wanted to keep hold of its gold. The legerdemain of then "demonetizing" it through occasional sales and amendments to the IMF treaty only hid this plain fact; it didn't deny it.

The international promise signed after the Second World War in made defending that hoard impossible given America's domestic Dollar-inflation. Producing more dollars than the rest-of-the-world needed to finance its trade, the United States also invited a drop in the Dollar. That in turn invited withdrawals of gold from its vaults, effectively sparking a "run on the United States" as one advisor called it in the mid-60s' phase of the crisis.

"The kind of transcending value attributed to the Dollar," Charles de Gaulle had said at that 1965 press conference, "has lost its initial foundation, which was possession by America of the greater part of the world's gold." Never mind that de Gaulle himself knocked out that support. What mattered was the abiding idea – gold equals power. Thus US dominance was clearly ebbing away.

"The French this year have been cashing in dollars for gold at a $54 million-a-month rate," reported Time magazine in mid-1966. "Last week the Bank of France reported that as of Aug. 1, France had hoarded $5.13 billion in gold. Gold now constitutes 86% of all French reserves, compared with 73% at the end of 1964.

"Moreover, the [French] government is squirreling away the precious metal at such a rate as to account for the entire net US gold drain so far this year." Hence de Gaulle's jibe at the Dollar's fall became self-compounding. By demanding gold over dollars, he proved the value of metal, not paper. But only on the old tattered Gold Standard logic. Losing its dominance as the gold-hoarder par excellence, the United States still retained the supreme currency. The "exorbitant privilege" of which de Gaulle's advisor, Jacques Rueff, had complained, would now take America's economic power as its foundation. Depriving the US of its bullion backing, the promise to redeem Dollars for gold was replaced with the promise to redeem Dollars with interest.

Fast forward to the fall of 2009, and the United States remains the world No.1 holder of physical gold (the potential for secret sales, swaps, loans and outright gifts to Wall Street notwithstanding), but while France and the rest of Europe turned seller, Russia and emerging Asia began re-stocking this decade. Moreover, "The United States would be mistaken to take for granted the Dollar's place as the world's predominant reserve currency," as World Bank president Robert Zoellick told an audience at Johns Hopkins University in Washington this week.

"Looking forward, there will increasingly be other options to the Dollar...The future for the United States will depend on whether and how it will address large deficits, recover without inflation that could undermine its credit and currency, and overhaul its financial system."

Zoellick naturally mentioned the Chinese Yuan, noting that "Over 10 to 20 years [it] will evolve into a force in financial markets." He just happened to speak on the very same day, as Reuters observes, that Beijing issued its first Yuan-denominated bond open to foreign investors. Yet all the World Bank chief did, however, was confirm today's abiding idea – that monetary power builds on an economy's strength.

Maybe a new or even old idea will emerge in the next two decades or so. "The manner in which [this crisis] is resolved may well determine the shape of the world's monetary arrangements, and therefore our economic and political interests over the next generation," as then-Fed chief Arthur Burns memo'ed President Ford in June 1975, but the problem of excess Dollars was never quite fixed.

Still, we guess it's more than coincidence Beijing is now buying gold – as well as frantically powering its non-stop economy – as the world's monetary standard slides into crisis more.

By Adrian Ash
BullionVault.com

Gold price chart, no delay | Free Report: 5 Myths of the Gold Market
City correspondent for The Daily Reckoning in London and a regular contributor to MoneyWeek magazine, Adrian Ash is the editor of Gold News and head of research at www.BullionVault.com , giving you direct access to investment gold, vaulted in Zurich , on $3 spreads and 0.8% dealing fees.

(c) BullionVault 2009

Please Note: This article is to inform your thinking, not lead it. Only you can decide the best place for your money, and any decision you make will put your money at risk. Information or data included here may have already been overtaken by events – and must be verified elsewhere – should you choose to act on it.

Adrian Ash Archive

© 2005-2019 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in