Most Popular
1. It’s a New Macro, the Gold Market Knows It, But Dead Men Walking Do Not (yet)- Gary_Tanashian
2.Stock Market Presidential Election Cycle Seasonal Trend Analysis - Nadeem_Walayat
3. Bitcoin S&P Pattern - Nadeem_Walayat
4.Nvidia Blow Off Top - Flying High like the Phoenix too Close to the Sun - Nadeem_Walayat
4.U.S. financial market’s “Weimar phase” impact to your fiat and digital assets - Raymond_Matison
5. How to Profit from the Global Warming ClImate Change Mega Death Trend - Part1 - Nadeem_Walayat
7.Bitcoin Gravy Train Trend Forecast 2024 - - Nadeem_Walayat
8.The Bond Trade and Interest Rates - Nadeem_Walayat
9.It’s Easy to Scream Stocks Bubble! - Stephen_McBride
10.Fed’s Next Intertest Rate Move might not align with popular consensus - Richard_Mills
Last 7 days
Stocks Bull Market Smoking Gun - 25th May 24
Congress Moves against Totalitarian Central Bank Digital Currency Schemes - 25th May 24
Government Tinkering With Prices Is Like Hiding All of the Street Signs - 25th May 24
Gold Mid Tier Mining Stocks Fundamentals - 25th May 24
Why US Interest Rates are a Nothing Burger - 24th May 24
Big Banks Are Pressuring The Fed To Losen Protection For Depositors - 24th May 24
Another Bank Failure: How to Tell if Your Bank is At Risk - 24th May 24
AI Stocks Portfolio and Tesla - 23rd May 24
All That Glitters Isn't Gold: Silver Has Outperformed Gold During This Gold Bull Run - 23rd May 24
Gold and Silver Expose Stock Market’s Phony Gains - 23rd May 24
S&P 500 Cyclical Relative Performance: Stocks Nearing Fully Valued - 23rd May 24
Nvidia NVDA Stock Earnings Rumble After Hours - 22nd May 24
Stock Market Trend Forecasts for 2024 and 2025 - 21st May 24
Silver Price Forecast: Trumpeting the Jubilee | Sovereign Debt Defaults - 21st May 24
Bitcoin Bull Market Bubble MANIA Rug Pulls 2024! - 19th May 24
Important Economic And Geopolitical Questions And Their Answers! - 19th May 24
Pakistan UN Ambassador Grows Some Balls Accuses Israel of Being Like Nazi Germany - 19th May 24
Could We See $27,000 Gold? - 19th May 24
Gold Mining Stocks Fundamentals - 19th May 24
The Gold and Silver Ship Will Set Sail! - 19th May 24
Micro Strategy Bubble Mania - 10th May 24
Biden's Bureau of Labor Statistics is Cooking Jobs Reports - 10th May 24
Bitcoin Price Swings Analysis - 9th May 24
Could Chinese Gold Be the Straw That Breaks the Dollar's Back? - 9th May 24
The Federal Reserve Is Broke! - 9th May 24
The Elliott Wave Crash Course - 9th May 24
Psychologically Prepared for Bitcoin Bull Market Bubble MANIA Rug Pull Corrections 2024 - 8th May 24
Why You Should Pay Attention to This Time-Tested Stock Market Indicator Now - 8th May 24
Copper: The India Factor - 8th May 24
Gold 2008 and 2022 All Over Again? Stocks, USDX - 8th May 24
Holocaust Survivor States Israel is Like Nazi Germany, The Fourth Reich - 8th May 24
Fourth Reich Invades Rafah Concentration Camp To Kill Palestinian Children - 8th May 24

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

How to Protect your Wealth by Investing in AI Tech Stocks

Where Have Russia's Vast Gold Reserves Disappeared to ?

Commodities / Russia Jul 07, 2009 - 08:22 PM GMT

By: Pravda


Best Financial Markets Analysis ArticleThe legend about the so-called White Guard Gold of Russia’s Admiral Kolchak, ataman Semyonov, Baron Ungern and other prominent historical persoans is still alive. Legend has it that a whole carriage of Kolchak’s gold sank in Baikal Lake at the end of 1919. Specialists continue searching for the mysterious treasure: Russia ’s renowned Mir submersibles were involved in one of the recent scientific missions to find the treasure.

Pavel Novikov, an expert on the history of Russia’s White Movement, said that Admiral Kolchak used a part of those gold reserves to order hundreds of locomotives from the United States.

“Bolsheviks seized those locomotives from the Whites in 1919 – from 200 to 300 locomotive engines. A similar story occurred to French Renault tanks, which the Red Army suddenly obtained in 1920 in its battles against Ataman Semyonov. I believe that small batches of gold can be found somewhere in the Siberian woods – the Whites might have left them there during the retreat of the White Army, the historian said.

The story began on August 6, 1918, when a detachment of Colonel Kappel seized Kazan – the city where most of Russia ’s golden reserves was stored. The treasures, which the colonel seized, were evaluated at 750 million golden rubles – coins made of precious metals, bars of gold and platinum and many other valuable things.

The gold reserve was moved to Omsk in November of 1918. Kolchak’s government was controlling the reserve there, although the admiral did not touch Russia’s national endowment until the end of May, 1919. However, the serious condition on the front made him change his mind. More than a third of the reserve had been spent by the time of his evacuation from Omsk on October 31, 1919.

Kolchak’s “golden train” arrived in Nizhneudinsk on December 27, 1919, where it was delivered to Czechoslovakian legionaries. Bolsheviks eventually obtained 409 million golden rubles – 323 tons of gold. However, it is not clear, how much they exactly received from credit notes, silver and platinum. That was the time when legends about the loss of the legionaries’ gold emerged. The Whites, the Reds, historian and journalists – all of them reproached the Czechoslovakian legionaries of theft. Two of the most common versions say that the gold had been stolen either during the transportation of the precious metal from Kazan to Omsk , or during an attack on the train in Nizhneudinsk. Up to 11 million golden rubles disappeared at that time.

There is not even a document to prove the fact that the Czech and Slovak legionaries stole the Russian gold. However, the rate of the Czechoslovakian crown skyrocketed soon afterwards – the currency was the hardest one in Europe before the German occupation of the country in 1939. However, this fact is not good enough to be the reason to any accusations. The White Czechs exported many of Russian valuables in 1920 indeed. They seized a lot during their battles with Bolsheviks and obtained much as a result of commercial manipulations.

Russia’s gold reserves lost 235.6 million golden rubles during the time when Admiral Kolchak was managing it. Ataman Semyonov attacked the train with Kolchak’s gold – 42 million golden rubles - in September 1919. About 29 million of that gold was spent on the needs of his army. The remaining 13 million rubles were placed in Japanese banks.

The further fate of that gold is unclear. About 128 million golden rubles, or 100 tons of gold, were transferred to foreign banks in the USA, France, England, Japan and China. Kolchak originally planned to use those reserves for purchasing foreign arms. His government collapsed soon, and financial manipulations became impossible. No one knows what happened to that gold, which was sent abroad.

There is a curious document in the State Archives of the Russian Federation, which sheds some light on the fate of the nation’s gold reserves. This is a report from the chief of Kolchak’s counterintelligence service dated from August 14, 1919. The report is about the gold which stuck in France. The gold was supposed to be used to purchase airplanes for the White Army, but the French arrested the money for the debts of Russia ’s Tsarist and Interim governments.

It is worthy of note that Russia and France refused from financial claims to each other in accordance with the treaty signed in 1997. The value of the matter for Moscow made up $400 million.

Sergey Balmasov

Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors.

Pravda Archive

© 2005-2022 - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.

Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in