Best of the Week
Most Popular
1. Gold vs Cash in a Financial Crisis - Richard_Mills
2.Current Stock Market Rally Similarities To 1999 - Chris_Vermeulen
3.America See You On The Dark Side Of The Moon - Part2 - James_Quinn
4.Stock Market Trend Forecast Outlook for 2020 - Nadeem_Walayat
5.Who Said Stock Market Traders and Investor are Emotional Right Now? - Chris_Vermeulen
6.Gold Upswing and Lessons from Gold Tops - P_Radomski_CFA
7.Economic Tribulation is Coming, and Here is Why - Michael_Pento
8.What to Expect in Our Next Recession/Depression? - Raymond_Matison
9.The Fed Celebrates While Americans Drown in Financial Despair - John_Mauldin
10.Hi-yo Silver Away! - Richard_Mills
Last 7 days
Corona Virus Wuhan Global Pandemic 2020 Deaths Forecast and Market Consequences - 28th Jan 20
Palladium Surges above $2,400. Is It Sustainable? - 27th Jan 20
THIS ONE THING Will Tell Us When the Bubble Economy Is Bursting… - 27th Jan 20
Stock Market, Gold Black Swan Event Begins - 27th Jan 20
This Will Signal A Massive Gold Stocks Rally - 27th Jan 20
US Presidential Cycle Stock Market Trend Forecast 2020 - 27th Jan 20
Stock Market Correction Review - 26th Jan 20
The Wuhan Wipeout – Could It Happen? - 26th Jan 20
JOHNSON & JOHNSON (JNJ) Big Pharama AI Mega-trend Investing 2020 - 25th Jan 20
Experts See Opportunity in Ratios of Gold to Silver and Platinum - 25th Jan 20
Gold/Silver Ratio, SPX, Yield Curve and a Story to Tell - 25th Jan 20
Germany Starts War on Gold  - 25th Jan 20
Gold Mining Stocks Valuations - 25th Jan 20
Three Upside and One Downside Risk for Gold - 25th Jan 20
A Lesson About Gold – How Bullish Can It Be? - 24th Jan 20
Stock Market January 2018 Repeats in 2020 – Yikes! - 24th Jan 20
Gold Report from the Two Besieged Cities - 24th Jan 20
Stock Market Elliott Waves Trend Forecast 2020 - Video - 24th Jan 20
AMD Multi-cores vs INTEL Turbo Cores - Best Gaming CPUs 2020 - 3900x, 3950x, 9900K, or 9900KS - 24th Jan 20
Choosing the Best Garage Floor Containment Mats - 23rd Jan 20
Understanding the Benefits of Cannabis Tea - 23rd Jan 20
The Next Catalyst for Gold - 23rd Jan 20
5 Cyber-security considerations for 2020 - 23rd Jan 20
Car insurance: what the latest modifications could mean for your premiums - 23rd Jan 20
Junior Gold Mining Stocks Setting Up For Another Rally - 22nd Jan 20
Debt the Only 'Bubble' That Counts, Buy Gold and Silver! - 22nd Jan 20
AMAZON (AMZN) - Primary AI Tech Stock Investing 2020 and Beyond - Video - 21st Jan 20
What Do Fresh U.S. Economic Reports Imply for Gold? - 21st Jan 20
Corporate Earnings Setup Rally To Stock Market Peak - 21st Jan 20
Gold Price Trend Forecast 2020 - Part1 - 21st Jan 20
How to Write a Good Finance College Essay  - 21st Jan 20
Risks to Global Economy is Balanced: Stock Market upside limited short term - 20th Jan 20
How Digital Technology is Changing the Sports Betting Industry - 20th Jan 20
Is CEOs Reputation Management Essential? All You Must Know - 20th Jan 20
APPLE (AAPL) AI Tech Stocks Investing 2020 - 20th Jan 20
FOMO or FOPA or Au? - 20th Jan 20
Stock Market SP500 Kitchin Cycle Review - 20th Jan 20
Why Intel i7-4790k Devils Canyon CPU is STILL GOOD in 2020! - 20th Jan 20

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

Nadeem Walayat Financial Markets Analysiis and Trend Forecasts

FOMC Meeting: QE3 is Likely, if Economy Slips

Interest-Rates / Quantitative Easing Oct 13, 2011 - 03:05 AM GMT

By: Asha_Bangalore

Interest-Rates

The minutes of the September 20-21 FOMC meeting indicate that several members see significant downside risks to economic growth. They do not project a decline in GDP, but noted that the economy was “vulnerable to adverse shocks.” In this context, the sources of adverse shocks included “pronounced or more protracted deleveraging by households, the chance of a large-than-expected near-term fiscal tightening, and potential spillovers to the United States if the financial situation in Europe were to worsen appreciably.”


The FOMC views that risks are balanced with regard to inflation. Stable inflation expectations and a continued dissipation of the impact of the past increases in energy and commodity prices are factors that support members cited to support projections of both headline and core inflation settling close to levels consistent with the Fed’s dual mandate. The minutes indicate that despite these expectations, the “outlook for growth and inflation as more uncertain than usual.”

The September meeting included an extensive discussion of tools available to support the economy if economic conditions weaken. The deliberations were focused on three options. First, reinvest principal payments it receives on holdings of agency bonds in long-term Treasury securities. Second, purchases long-term Treasury securities and sell a matching amount of shorter-term Treasury securities in such a manner that reserves and the Fed’s balance sheet would not be affected. Third, the FOMC would purchase longer-term Treasury securities and increase the balance sheet size of the Fed. The minutes note that a “large number of participants saw large-scale asset purchases as a more potent tool that should be retained as an option in the event further policy action to support a stronger economic recovery was warranted.”

The FOMC chose the second option of the three, which is known as Operation Twist. The vote was 7-3 in favor of Operation Twist. The minutes reveal that two members would have preferred to take more aggressive steps compared with Operation Twist. They were willing to consider Operation Twist because additional future support was not ruled out. The implications of reducing interest on reserve balances (IOR) were also part of the discussion. A range of opinions were presented and it was noted that additional information would be necessary to assess the usefulness of this tool in the current economic environment.

The minutes also show that the Committee is examining modifications of its communications policy: “Most participants indicated that they favored taking steps to increase further the transparency of monetary policy, including providing more information about the committee’s longer-run policy objectives and about the factors that influence the committee’s policy decisions.” The Committee also looked into “ways to elucidate the economic conditions that could warrant raising the level of short-term interest rates.” Overall, it appears that the Fed is working on improving its communication about monetary policy changes with the public. Asha Bangalore — Senior Vice President and Economist

http://www.northerntrust.com

Asha Bangalore is Vice President and Economist at The Northern Trust Company, Chicago. Prior to joining the bank in 1994, she was Consultant to savings and loan institutions and commercial banks at Financial & Economic Strategies Corporation, Chicago.

Copyright © 2011 Asha Bangalore

The opinions expressed herein are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the views of The Northern Trust Company. The Northern Trust Company does not warrant the accuracy or completeness of information contained herein, such information is subject to change and is not intended to influence your investment decisions.


© 2005-2019 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

6 Critical Money Making Rules