Best of the Week
Most Popular
1. Investing in a Bubble Mania Stock Market Trending Towards Financial Crisis 2.0 CRASH! - 9th Sep 21
2.Tech Stocks Bubble Valuations 2000 vs 2021 - 25th Sep 21
3.Stock Market FOMO Going into Crash Season - 8th Oct 21
4.Stock Market FOMO Hits September Brick Wall - Evergrande China's Lehman's Moment - 22nd Sep 21
5.Crypto Bubble BURSTS! BTC, ETH, XRP CRASH! NiceHash Seizes Funds on Account Halting ALL Withdrawals! - 19th May 21
6.How to Protect Your Self From a Stock Market CRASH / Bear Market? - 14th Oct 21
7.AI Stocks Portfolio Buying and Selling Levels Going Into Market Correction - 11th Oct 21
8.Why Silver Price Could Crash by 20%! - 5th Oct 21
9.Powell: Inflation Might Not Be Transitory, After All - 3rd Oct 21
10.Global Stock Markets Topped 60 Days Before the US Stocks Peaked - 23rd Sep 21
Last 7 days
S&P 500 – Is a 5% Correction Enough? - 6th Dec 21
Global Stock Markets It’s Do-Or-Die Time - 6th Dec 21
Hawks Triumph, Doves Lose, Gold Bulls Cry! - 6th Dec 21
How Stock Investors Can Cash in on President Biden’s new Climate Plan - 6th Dec 21
The Lithium Tech That Could Send The EV Boom Into Overdrive - 6th Dec 21
How Stagflation Effects Stocks - 5th Dec 21
Bitcoin FLASH CRASH! Cryptos Blood Bath as Exchanges Run Stops, An Early Christmas Present for Some? - 5th Dec 21
TESCO Pre Omicron Panic Christmas Decorations Festive Shop 2021 - 5th Dec 21
Dow Stock Market Trend Forecast Into Mid 2022 - 4th Dec 21
INVESTING LESSON - Give your Portfolio Some Breathing Space - 4th Dec 21
Don’t Get Yourself Into a Bull Trap With Gold - 4th Dec 21
GOLD HAS LOTS OF POTENTIAL DOWNSIDE - 4th Dec 21
4 Tips To Help You Take Better Care Of Your Personal Finances- 4th Dec 21
What Is A Golden Cross Pattern In Trading? - 4th Dec 21
Bitcoin Price TRIGGER for Accumulating Into Alt Coins for 2022 Price Explosion - Part 2 - 3rd Dec 21
Stock Market Major Turning Point Taking Place - 3rd Dec 21
The Masters of the Universe and Gold - 3rd Dec 21
This simple Stock Market mindset shift could help you make millions - 3rd Dec 21
Will the Glasgow Summit (COP26) Affect Energy Prices? - 3rd Dec 21
Peloton 35% CRASH a Lesson of What Happens When One Over Pays for a Loss Making Growth Stock - 1st Dec 21
Stock Market Sentiment Speaks: I Fear For Retirees For The Next 20 Years - 1st Dec 21 t
Will the Anointed Finanical Experts Get It Wrong Again? - 1st Dec 21
Main Differences Between the UK and Canadian Gaming Markets - 1st Dec 21
Bitcoin Price TRIGGER for Accumulating Into Alt Coins for 2022 Price Explosion - 30th Nov 21
Omicron Covid Wave 4 Impact on Financial Markets - 30th Nov 21
Can You Hear It? That’s the Crowd Booing Gold’s Downturn - 30th Nov 21
Economic and Market Impacts of Omicron Strain Covid 4th Wave - 30th Nov 21
Stock Market Historical Trends Suggest A Strengthening Bullish Trend In December - 30th Nov 21
Crypto Market Analysis: What Trading Will Look Like in 2022 for Novice and Veteran Traders? - 30th Nov 21
Best Stocks for Investing to Profit form the Metaverse and Get Rich - 29th Nov 21
Should You Invest In Real Estate In 2021? - 29th Nov 21
Silver Long-term Trend Analysis - 28th Nov 21
Silver Mining Stocks Fundamentals - 28th Nov 21
Crude Oil Didn’t Like Thanksgiving Turkey This Year - 28th Nov 21
Sheffield First Snow Winter 2021 - Snowballs and Snowmen Fun - 28th Nov 21
Stock Market Investing LESSON - Buying Value - 27th Nov 21
Corsair MP600 NVME M.2 SSD 66% Performance Loss After 6 Months of Use - Benchmark Tests - 27th Nov 21

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

How to Protect your Wealth by Investing in AI Tech Stocks

The IMF’s Internal Audit Reveals Its Incompetence and Massive Rule Breaking

Politics / Global Financial System Aug 26, 2016 - 06:06 PM GMT

By: John_Mauldin

Politics

To understand the sordid tale of the IMF, we need to look back at Greece. We think of Greece as the epicenter of the eurozone debt crisis, but it had company.

As the Fed’s initial QE program pushed US stocks higher, Greece’s growing budget deficit led credit agencies to downgrade its sovereign debt rating in late 2009. So, the government cut spending… but not by enough.


Prime Minister George Papandreou formally asked for, and received, a bailout from a “Troika” consisting of the EU, ECB, and IMF.

It soon became clear that Greece's heavy debt load would require harsh measures. The question then became how to distribute the pain.

The IMF shouldn’t bail out Greece in the first place

A normal bankruptcy proceeding results in some kind of balanced plan. Creditors take a haircut while the debtor gives up assets and/or income.

In Greece’s case, the creditors were large European banks that were not predisposed to writing down their asset values. Through the EU and ECB, they pushed for Greece to cut spending and sell state-owned assets to raise cash.

The Greeks were not enthusiastic about austerity. The population wanted its benefits, and the oligarchs didn’t want to reform.

Europe didn’t want a banking crisis but also didn’t want to pony up enough money to really rescue Greece.

A long standoff ensued.

IMF rules say the organization is not supposed to make a loan unless the borrower has a reasonable prospect of repaying it. It has routinely demanded harsh conditions in exchange for aiding smaller African, Asian, and Latin American countries.

These conditions for getting the money all but guaranteed continued crisis in the countries that were subjected to them.

So why was the IMF reluctant to apply similar measures to Greece?

Fear of contagion led the IMF to break its own rules

Thanks to the IEO report (internal audit), we know that IMF officials sneaked a major rule change into the plan presented to the IMF board. It allowed an exemption from normal credit standards in cases where there was risk of systemic contagion.

I don’t doubt they were worried about contagion. Their action came on the heels of the Lehman Brothers bankruptcy and 2008–2009 financial crisis.

There was concern that anything done for Greece would set a precedent for far larger Spain and Italy. The markets knew that and were watching closely.

The fear that contagion would result if the IMF played by its usual rules was not irrational.

On the other hand, rules exist for a reason. Propping up banks that make bad loans is not part of the IMF’s remit. Nor is it the IMF’s mission to prop up governments that will not make reasonable economic reforms.

Arguably, the whole Greek affair was not the IMF’s business. Greece was a member of the European Union. The EU should have taken responsibility. The IMF should have offered nothing but advice and best wishes. But that’s not what happened.

More mistakes amid internal turmoil

Around this time, Christine Lagarde’s predecessor, Dominique Strauss-Kahn, was arrested in New York. He was charged with sexual assault of a hotel maid.

Whatever happened, it seems the IMF managing director had more than Greece on his mind. He stepped down in May 2011, and Lagarde took his place a few weeks later.

So in addition to being involved where it shouldn’t and breaking its own rules, the IMF was embroiled in internal turmoil while nations teetered on the edge.

The stress showed up in disastrously wrong growth forecasts used to justify the eurozone bailouts.

The thin black line that scrapes the bottom of the following chart is actual Greek GDP.

The other lines are forecasts the IMF made during periodic reviews. By the fifth review, they were closer to reality but were still tracking far above actual GDP.

The IMF wanted to set off a crisis to achieve its goals

It gets worse. It seems that as late as this year, IMF technocrats were actively plotting how to create another European crisis to further their goals.

In April, Wikileaks released the transcript of an IMF teleconference. The conversation occurred on March 19, 2016, and included the two IMF officials responsible for Greece, Paul Thomsen and Delia Velkouleskou.

Here’s the interesting part.

THOMSEN: What is going to bring it all to a decision point? In the past there has been only one time when the decision has been made and then that was when they were about to run out of money seriously and to default. Right?

VELCULESCU: Right!

THOMSEN: And possibly this is what is going to happen again. In that case, it drags on until July, and clearly the Europeans are not going to have any discussions for a month before the Brexit, and so, at some stage they will want to take a break and then they want to start again after the European referendum.

THOMSEN: But that is not an event. That is not going to cause them to… That discussion can go on for a long time. And they are just leading them down the road… why are they leading them down the road? Because they are not close to the event, whatever it is.

VELCULESCU: I agree that we need an event, but I don’t know what that will be.

The “event” they are wishing for is something that will put Greece in default and force Europe, particularly Germany, to agree to IMF demands.

They see the upcoming Brexit vote as an opportunity since Britain and others will be looking away from Greece. They also think the “event” will jar the Greek parliament into agreement.

We don’t know if the hoped-for event would have done the trick. The leak was just weeks before the Brexit vote.

At least, the IMF showed that it understood the situation. Their goal was to force Greek and EU negotiators into a compromise that had eluded everyone for years.

On the other hand, they were willing to set off a whole new crisis in order to accomplish this. In which case, they might have cured the disease but killed the patient. 

Join Hundreds of Thousands of Readers of John Mauldin’s Free Weekly Newsletter

Follow Mauldin as he uncovers the truth behind, and beyond, the financial headlines in his free publication, Thoughts from the Frontline. The publication explores developments overlooked by mainstream news and analyzes challenges and opportunities on the horizon.

John Mauldin Archive

© 2005-2019 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in