Best of the Week
Most Popular
1. US Housing Market Real Estate Crash The Next Shoe To Drop – Part II - Chris_Vermeulen
2.The Coronavirus Greatest Economic Depression in History? - Nadeem_Walayat
3.US Real Estate Housing Market Crash Is The Next Shoe To Drop - Chris_Vermeulen
4.Coronavirus Stock Market Trend Implications and AI Mega-trend Stocks Buying Levels - Nadeem_Walayat
5. Are Coronavirus Death Statistics Exaggerated? Worse than Seasonal Flu or Not?- Nadeem_Walayat
6.Coronavirus Stock Market Trend Implications, Global Recession and AI Stocks Buying Levels - Nadeem_Walayat
7.US Fourth Turning Accelerating Towards Debt Climax - James_Quinn
8.Dow Stock Market Trend Analysis and Forecast - Nadeem_Walayat
9.Britain's FAKE Coronavirus Death Statistics Exposed - Nadeem_Walayat
10.Commodity Markets Crash Catastrophe Charts - Rambus_Chartology
Last 7 days
A Simple Way to Preserve Your Wealth Amid Uncertainty - 11th Aug 20
Precious Metals Complex Impulse Move : Where Is next Resistance? - 11th Aug 20
Gold Miners Junior Stcks Buying Spree - 11th Aug 20
Has the Fed Let the Inflation Genie Out of the Bottle? - 10th Aug 20
The Strange Food Trend That’s Making Investors Rich - 10th Aug 20
Supply & Demand For Money – The End of Inflation? - 10th Aug 20
Revisiting Our Silver and Gold Predictions – Get Ready For Higher Prices - 10th Aug 20
Storm Clouds Are Gathering for a Major Stock and Commodity Markets Downturn - 10th Aug 20
A 90-Year-Old Stock Market Investment Insight That's Relevant in 2020 - 10th Aug 20
Debt and Dollar Collapse Leading to Potential Stock Market Melt-Up, - 10th Aug 20
Coronavirus: UK Parents Demand ALL Schools OPEN September, 7 Million Children Abandoned by Teachers - 9th Aug 20
Computer GPU Fans Not Spinning Quick FIX - Sticky Fans Solution - 9th Aug 20
Find the Best Speech Converter for You - 9th Aug 20
Silver Bull Market Update - 7th Aug 20
This Inflation-Adjusted Silver Chart Tells An Interesting Story - 7th Aug 20
The Great American Housing Boom Has Begun - 7th Aug 20
NATURAL GAS BEGINS UPSIDE BREAKOUT MOVE - 7th Aug 20
Know About Lotteries With The Best Odds Of Winning - 7th Aug 20
Could Gold Price Reach $7,000 by 2030? - 6th Aug 20
Bananas for All! Keep Dancing… FOMC - 6th Aug 20
How to Do Bets During This Time - 6th Aug 20
How to develop your stock trading strategy - 6th Aug 20
Stock Investors What to do if Trump Bans TikTok - 5th Aug 20
Gold Trifecta of Key Signals for Gold Mining Stocks - 5th Aug 20
ARE YOU LOVING YOUR SERVITUDE? - 5th Aug 20
Stock Market Uptrend Continues? - 4th Aug 20
The Dimensions of Covid-19: The Hong Kong Flu Redux - 4th Aug 20
High Yield Junk Bonds Are Hot Again -- Despite Warning Signs - 4th Aug 20
Gold Stocks Autumn Rally - 4th Aug 20
“Government Sachs” Is Worried About the Federal Reserve Note - 4th Aug 20
Gold Miners Still Pushing That Cart of Rocks Up Hill - 4th Aug 20
UK Government to Cancel Christmas - Crazy Covid Eid 2020! - 4th Aug 20
Covid-19 Exposes NHS Institutional Racism Against Black and Asian Staff and Patients - 4th Aug 20
How Sony Is Fueling the Computer Vision Boom - 3rd Aug 20
Computer Gaming System Rig Top Tips For 6 Years Future Proofing Build Spec - 3rd Aug 20
Cornwwall Bude Caravan Park Holidays 2020 - Look Inside Holiday Resort Caravan - 3rd Aug 20
UK Caravan Park Holidays 2020 Review - Hoseasons Cayton Bay North East England - 3rd Aug 20
Best Travel Bags for 2020 Summer Holidays , Back Sling packs, water proof, money belt and tactical - 3rd Aug 20
Precious Metals Warn Of Increased Volatility Ahead - 2nd Aug 20
The Key USDX Sign for Gold and Silver - 2nd Aug 20
Corona Crisis Will Have Lasting Impact on Gold Market - 2nd Aug 20
Gold & Silver: Two Pictures - 1st Aug 20
The Bullish Case for Stocks Isn't Over Yet - 1st Aug 20
Is Gold Price Action Warning Of Imminent Monetary Collapse - Part 2? - 1st Aug 20
Will America Accept the World's Worst Pandemic Response Government - 1st Aug 20
Stock Market Technical Patterns, Future Expectations and More – Part II - 1st Aug 20
Trump White House Accelerating Toward a US Dollar Crisis - 31st Jul 20
Why US Commercial Real Estate is Set to Get Slammed - 31st Jul 20
Gold Price Blows Through Upside Resistance - The Chase Is On - 31st Jul 20
Is Crude Oil Price Setting Up for a Waterfall Decline? - 31st Jul 20
Stock Market Technical Patterns, Future Expectations and More - 30th Jul 20
Why Big Money Is Already Pouring Into Edge Computing Tech Stocks - 30th Jul 20
Economic and Geopolitical Worries Fuel Gold’s Rally - 30th Jul 20
How to Finance an Investment Property - 30th Jul 20
I Hate Banks - Including Goldman Sachs - 29th Jul 20
NASDAQ Stock Market Double Top & Price Channels Suggest Pending Price Correction - 29th Jul 20
Silver Price Surge Leaves Naysayers in the Dust - 29th Jul 20
UK Supermarket Covid-19 Shop - Few Masks, Lack of Social Distancing (Tesco) - 29th Jul 20
Budgie Clipped Wings, How Long Before it Can Fly Again? - 29th Jul 20
How To Take Advantage Of Tesla's 400% Stock Surge - 29th Jul 20
Gold Makes Record High and Targets $6,000 in New Bull Cycle - 28th Jul 20
Gold Strong Signal For A Secular Bull Market - 28th Jul 20
Anatomy of a Gold and Silver Precious Metals Bull Market - 28th Jul 20
Shopify Is Seizing an $80 Billion Pot of Gold - 28th Jul 20
Stock Market Minor Correction Underway - 28th Jul 20
Why College Is Never Coming Back - 27th Jul 20
Stocks Disconnect from Economy, Gold Responds - 27th Jul 20
Silver Begins Big Upside Rally Attempt - 27th Jul 20
The Gold and Silver Markets Have Changed… What About You? - 27th Jul 20
Google, Apple And Amazon Are Leading A $30 Trillion Assault On Wall Street - 27th Jul 20
This Stock Market Indicator Reaches "Lowest Level in Nearly 20 Years" - 26th Jul 20
New Wave of Economic Stimulus Lifts Gold Price - 26th Jul 20
Stock Market Slow Grind Higher Above the Early June Stock Highs - 26th Jul 20
How High Will Silver Go? - 25th Jul 20
If You Own Gold, Look Out Below - 25th Jul 20
Crude Oil and Energy Sets Up Near Major Resistance – Breakdown Pending - 25th Jul 20
FREE Access to Premium Market Forecasts by Elliott Wave International - 25th Jul 20
The Promise of Silver as August Approaches: Accumulation and Conversation - 25th Jul 20
The Silver Bull Gateway is at Hand - 24th Jul 20
The Prospects of S&P 500 Above the Early June Highs - 24th Jul 20
How Silver Could Surpass Its All-Time High - 24th Jul 20

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

How to Get Rich Investing in Stocks by Riding the Electron Wave

Is Stagflation Stalking? The Answer Is Critical To Your Financial Health!

Economics / Stagflation Mar 13, 2017 - 05:22 AM GMT

By: Gordon_T_Long

Economics

It is important to anticipate whether Stagflation is stalking because the yield curve will start pricing it in which will place equity yields, earnings and PE growth multiples at risk.

We believe there are clear signs of stagflation already occurring and according to the recent Global Fund Manger Survey, many believe if we don't already have elevated Inflation and an emerging period of stagflation, we can soon expect it!



Yield Curve

What is particularly critical to the equities market is how the yield curve will react differently regarding whether it anticipates increasing Inflation through Reflation or Stagflation. If it views reflation the yield curve will shift up but also steepen as long-term yields increase faster than short term yields. If it sees stagflation because the drivers for inflation also impede economic growth, then the yield curve also shifts upward but instead can be expected to flatten. The longer-term yields rise slower than the short term yields.

In both case yields rise which places pressures on equities but the shape of the yield curve has the most profound impact on equity prices. In the last 5 years 71% of equity index increases are a result of P/E multiple expansion from 10X to 18X. This places PE multiple of the S&P 500 currently in the 90 percentile of historical valuations relative to the last 40 years. Anticipating what may occur is presently of the utmost importance to smart investors.

The 10 Year US Treasury Yield lifted violently on the Trump victory and reflation policy expectations. After a brief consolidation it has again aggressively moved up but it is important to view this as part of three reasons bond yields increase - 1- Economic growth rate, 2- Inflation and 3-Creditworthiness. The current Treasury yield lift in my judgment is more about the pending congressional US debt ceiling hurdles and potential Creditworthiness factors than reflation or stagflation concerns.

Stagflation

STAGFLATION: "Is persistent high inflation combined with high unemployment and stagnant demand in a country's economy"

Stagflation

Stagflation is very costly and difficult to eradicate once it starts, both in social terms and in budget deficits. It is a situation in which the inflation rate is high, the economic growth rate slows, and unemployment remains steadily high. It raises a dilemma for economic policy, since actions designed to lower inflation may exacerbate unemployment, and vice versa. Historically, inflation and recession were regarded as mutually exclusive, the relationship between the two being described by the Phillips curve.

Economists offer two principal explanations for why stagflation occurs:

First (Think: '70's) stagflation can result when the productive capacity of an economy is reduced by an unfavorable supply shock that causes an increase in the price of oil for an oil-importing country. Such an unfavorable supply shock tends to raise prices at the same time that it slows the economy by making production more costly and less profitable.  Milton Friedman famously described this situation as "too much money chasing too few goods".

Second (Think today), both stagnation and inflation can result from inappropriate macroeconomic policies. For example, central banks can cause inflation by allowing excessive growth of the money supply,  and the government can cause stagnation by excessive regulation of goods markets and labor markets. Excessive growth of the money supply, taken to such an extreme that it must be reversed abruptly, can be a cause. Both types of explanations are offered in analyses of the global stagflation of the 1970s: it began with a huge rise in oil prices, but then continued as central banks used excessively stimulative monetary policy to counteract the resulting recession, causing a runaway price/wage spiral.

Let's consider the four elements of stagflation, 1- Inflation, 2- Unemployment, 3- Demand and 4- GDP Growth to see whether this is a real possibility for the US.

1 - Inflation

According to The Federal Reserve, entrusted with monitoring and managing Inflation pressures in the economy, until recently it is has been low and well below the Fed's 2% target. But the times they are a changing!

Since this time last year inflation expectations have been increasing steadily and rose even more dramatically with the Trump Presidential victory. The Trump spike was a result of his proposed economic stimulus programs such as Infrastructure and Defense.

10-Year and 30-Year Breakeven Inflation rate

However, it is isn't just expectations that have been increasing, but also actual price tags.

Consumer Prices

Some price increases have been much higher than how such measures as the CPI tabulates inflation.

Price Changes 1996-2016

From a long term historical perspective (if you believe government statistics) the inflation rate is still relatively low.

However, taking out "special" government adjustments such as "Substitution", "Hedonics" and "Imputation" along with the other changes that have been made by the government since the early 80's, we see the real picture.

ShadowStats.com which tracks inflation closely show that in fact if we consider inflation in terms of how the government calculated it in 1980 (before interest rates started falling abruptly) you find it approximates 10% per annum! I personally believe this much more closely matches what the average US household would suggest they are experiencing.

Shadow Stats CPI

CONCLUSION: We DEFINITELY have inflation and it is worse than the Federal Reserve acknowledges or is actually aware!


2 - Unemployment

According to the government narrative we have low unemployment with concerns about a tight labor market. This is pure fabrication or minimally misinformation and distortion of the facts. John Williams at ShadowStats again shows the reality.

The ShadowStats Alternate Unemployment Rate for January 2017 is 22.9%.

Shadow Stats Unemployment Rate'

We presently have a labor force participation level at historically low levels with nearly 100 million working age adults not in the work force and many with jobs not able to to get sufficient hours to support a middle class life style.

As Presidential candidate observed at a campaign rally in front of 30,000 people. "If the unemployment rate was really 5% do you think we would really have this many people here!" Do you believe government statistics or "your lying eyes"?

CONCLUSION: We have high a very high unemployment and under-utilization of the American workforce.

3 - Demand

What we have in the US is "Artificial Demand" rather than "Stagnant Demand". The difference being that the former temporarily camouflages the later - but only temporarily as in reality we have "Stagnant Demand" being camouflaged by massive credit expansion and low finance rates. This only brings demand forward creating a demand void in the future.

Consider that Consumer Credit is rising rapidly in comparison to Disposable Income. In other words we are borrowing increasingly to make ongoing purchases but those purchases are not increasing. Debt is surging to buy the same amount of stuff -- not more. In reality real economic demand is shrinking and is only presently artificially being supported.

Consumer Credit as % of DPI versus Annual Retail Sales

CONCLUSION: We have Weak Demand being supported by high levels of credit in relationship to disposable income. 

4 - Growth

How can the US current GDP levels seen to be anything other than terribly weak! Thus far this quarter 1Q17 is tracking at 1.8%

GDPNow

The common narrative is that the US is entering a golden age in its economy and that this growth will drive stocks ever higher. The reality is that GDP growth has collapsed. The third quarter of last year (3Q16) was the quarter everyone thought signaled a new beginning with growth of 3.5%. However, the very next quarter’s growth (4Q16) collapsed to 1.9%.

Put simply, growth is NOT coming soon if at all. Even Trump’s top economic advisor has admitted that GDP growth of 3% is unlikely until the end of 2018.

CONCLUSION: We have historically weak economic growth

Summary

Credit Worthiness and Stagflation
Larger Image

It is hard not to conclude that we are already living in a period of STAGFLATION which the markets have yet to fully recognize (may we suggest "Cognitive Dissonance"?).

There is little way out other than praying for the Trumponomic Economic miracle that the markets are so clearly euphoric about! Of course I have never found prayer as a reliable approach to investment strategy!

Signup for notification of the next MACRO INSIGHTS

Gordon T. Long
Publisher - LONGWave

Request your FREE TWO MONTH TRIAL subscription of the Market Analytics and Technical Analysis (MATA) Report. No Obligations. No Credit Card.

Gordon T Long is not a registered advisor and does not give investment advice. His comments are an expression of opinion only and should not be construed in any manner whatsoever as recommendations to buy or sell a stock, option, future, bond, commodity or any other financial instrument at any time. While he believes his statements to be true, they always depend on the reliability of his own credible sources. Of course, he recommends that you consult with a qualified investment advisor, one licensed by appropriate regulatory agencies in your legal jurisdiction, before making any investment decisions, and barring that you are encouraged to confirm the facts on your own before making important investment commitments. © Copyright 2013 Gordon T Long. The information herein was obtained from sources which Mr. Long believes reliable, but he does not guarantee its accuracy. None of the information, advertisements, website links, or any opinions expressed constitutes a solicitation of the purchase or sale of any securities or commodities. Please note that Mr. Long may already have invested or may from time to time invest in securities that are recommended or otherwise covered on this website. Mr. Long does not intend to disclose the extent of any current holdings or future transactions with respect to any particular security. You should consider this possibility before investing in any security based upon statements and information contained in any report, post, comment or suggestions you receive from him.

Copyright © 2010-2017 Gordon T. Long

Gordon T Long Archive

© 2005-2019 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

6 Critical Money Making Rules