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Secrets Leaked on the Deepening Iran Crisis

Politics / Iran Oct 05, 2009 - 07:27 PM GMT

By: STRATFOR

Politics

Best Financial Markets Analysis ArticleTwo major leaks occurred this weekend over the Iran matter.

In the first, The New York Times published an article reporting that staff at the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the U.N. nuclear oversight group, had produced an unreleased report saying that Iran was much more advanced in its nuclear program than the IAEA had thought previously. According to the report, Iran now has all the data needed to design a nuclear weapon. The New York Times article added that U.S. intelligence was re-examining the National Intelligence Estimate (NIE) of 2007, which had stated that Iran was not actively pursuing a nuclear weapon.


The second leak occurred in the British paper The Sunday Times, which reported that the purpose of Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s highly publicized secret visit to Moscow on Sept. 7 was to provide the Russians with a list of Russian scientists and engineers working on Iran’s nuclear weapons program.

The second revelation was directly tied to the first. There were many, including STRATFOR, who felt that Iran did not have the non-nuclear disciplines needed for rapid progress toward a nuclear device. Putting the two pieces together, the presence of Russian personnel in Iran would mean that the Iranians had obtained the needed expertise from the Russians. It would also mean that the Russians were not merely a factor in whether there would be effective sanctions but also in whether and when the Iranians would obtain a nuclear weapon.

We would guess that the leak to The New York Times came from U.S. government sources, because that seems to be a prime vector of leaks from the Obama administration and because the article contained information on the NIE review. Given that National Security Adviser James Jones tended to dismiss the report on Sunday television, we would guess the report leaked from elsewhere in the administration. The Sunday Times leak could have come from multiple sources, but we have noted a tendency of the Israelis to leak through the British daily on national security issues. (The article contained substantial details on the visit and appeared written from the Israeli point of view.) Neither leak can be taken at face value, of course. But it is clear that these were deliberate leaks — people rarely risk felony charges leaking such highly classified material — and even if they were not coordinated, they delivered the same message, true or not.

The Iranian Time Frame and the Russian Role

The message was twofold. First, previous assumptions on time frames on Iran are no longer valid, and worst-case assumptions must now be assumed. The Iranians are in fact moving rapidly toward a weapon; have been extremely effective at deceiving U.S. intelligence (read, they deceived the Bush administration, but the Obama administration has figured it out); and therefore, we are moving toward a decisive moment with Iran. Second, this situation is the direct responsibility of Russian nuclear expertise. Whether this expertise came from former employees of the Russian nuclear establishment now looking for work, Russian officials assigned to Iran or unemployed scientists sent to Iran by the Russians is immaterial. The Israelis — and the Obama administration — must hold the Russians responsible for the current state of Iran’s weapons program, and by extension, Moscow bears responsibility for any actions that Israel or the United States might take to solve the problem.

We would suspect that the leaks were coordinated. From the Israeli point of view, having said publicly that they are prepared to follow the American lead and allow this phase of diplomacy to play out, there clearly had to be more going on than just last week’s Geneva talks. From the American point of view, while the Russians have indicated that participating in sanctions on gasoline imports by Iran is not out of the question, Russian President Dmitri Medvedev did not clearly state that Russia would cooperate, nor has anything been heard from Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin on the subject. The Russian leadership appears to be playing “good cop, bad cop” on the matter, and the credibility of anything they say on Iran has little weight in Washington.

It would seem to us that the United States and Israel decided to up the ante fairly dramatically in the wake of the Oct. 1 meeting with Iran in Geneva. As IAEA head Mohamed ElBaradei visits Iran, massive new urgency has now been added to the issue. But we must remember that Iran knows whether it has had help from Russian scientists; that is something that can’t be bluffed. Given that this specific charge has been made — and as of Monday not challenged by Iran or Russia — indicates to us more is going on than an attempt to bluff the Iranians into concessions. Unless the two leaks together are completely bogus, and we doubt that, the United States and Israel are leaking information already well known to the Iranians. They are telling Tehran that its deception campaign has been penetrated, and by extension are telling it that it faces military action — particularly if massive sanctions are impractical because of more Russian obstruction.

If Netanyahu went to Moscow to deliver this intelligence to the Russians, the only surprise would have been the degree to which the Israelis had penetrated the program, not that the Russians were there. The Russian intelligence services are superbly competent, and keep track of stray nuclear scientists carefully. They would not be surprised by the charge, only by Israel’s knowledge of it.

This, of course leaves open an enormous question. Certainly, the Russians appear to have worked with the Iranians on some security issues and have played with the idea of providing the Iranians more substantial military equipment. But deliberately aiding Iran in building a nuclear device seems beyond Russia’s interests in two ways. First, while Russia wants to goad the United States, it does not itself really want a nuclear Iran. Second, in goading the United States, the Russians know not to go too far; helping Iran build a nuclear weapon would clearly cross a redline, triggering reactions.

A number of possible explanations present themselves. The leak to The Sunday Times might be wrong. But The Sunday Times is not a careless newspaper: It accepts leaks only from certified sources. The Russian scientists might be private citizens accepting Iranian employment. But while this is possible, Moscow is very careful about what Russian nuclear engineers do with their time. Or the Russians might be providing enough help to goad the United States but not enough to ever complete the job. Whatever the explanation, the leaks paint the Russians as more reckless than they have appeared, assuming the leaks are true.

And whatever their veracity, the leaks — the content of which clearly was discussed in detail among the P-5+1 prior to and during the Geneva meetings, regardless of how long they have been known by Western intelligence — were made for two reasons. The first was to tell the Iranians that the nuclear situation is now about to get out of hand, and that attempting to manage the negotiations through endless delays will fail because the United Nations is aware of just how far Tehran has come with its weapons program. The second was to tell Moscow that the issue is no longer whether the Russians will cooperate on sanctions, but the consequence to Russia’s relations with the United States and at least the United Kingdom, France and, most important, possibly Germany. If these leaks are true, they are game changers.

We have focused on the Iranian situation not because it is significant in itself, but because it touches on a great number of other crucial international issues. It is now entangled in the Iraqi, Afghan, Israeli, Palestinian, Syrian and Lebanese issues, all of them high-stakes matters. It is entangled in Russian relations with Europe and the United States. It is entangled in U.S.-European relationships and with relationships within Europe. It touches on the U.S.-Chinese relationship. It even touches on U.S. relations with Venezuela and some other Latin American countries. It is becoming the Gordian knot of international relations.

STRATFOR first focused on the Russian connection with Iran in the wake of the Iranian elections and resulting unrest, when a crowd of Rafsanjani supporters began chanting “Death to Russia,” not one of the top-10 chants in Iran. That caused us to focus on the cooperation between Russia and Iranian President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad and Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei on security matters. We were aware of some degree of technical cooperation on military hardware, and of course on Russian involvement in Iran’s civilian nuclear program. We were also of the view that the Iranians were unlikely to progress quickly with their nuclear program. We were not aware that Russian scientists were directly involved in Iran’s military nuclear project, which is not surprising, given that such involvement would be Iran’s single-most important state secret — and Russia’s, too.

A Question of Timing

But there is a mystery here as well. To have any impact, the Russian involvement must have been under way for years. The United States has tried to track rogue nuclear scientists and engineers — anyone who could contribute to nuclear proliferation — since the 1990s. The Israelis must have had their own program on this, too. Both countries, as well as European intelligence services, were focused on Iran’s program and the whereabouts of Russian scientists. It is hard to believe that they only just now found out. If we were to guess, we would say Russian involvement has been under way since just after the Orange Revolution in Ukraine, when the Russians decided that the United States was a direct threat to its national security.

Therefore, the decision suddenly to confront the Russians, and suddenly to leak U.N. reports — much more valuable than U.S. reports, which are easier for the Europeans to ignore — cannot simply be because the United States and Israel just obtained this information. The IAEA, hostile to the United States since the invasion of Iraq and very much under the influence of the Europeans, must have decided to shift its evaluation of Iran. But far more significant is the willingness of the Israelis first to confront the Russians and then leak about Russian involvement, something that obviously compromises Israeli sources and methods. And that means the Israelis no longer consider the preservation of their intelligence operation in Iran (or wherever it was carried out) as of the essence.

Two conclusions can be drawn. First, the Israelis no longer need to add to their knowledge of Russian involvement; they know what they need to know. And second, the Israelis do not expect Iranian development to continue much longer; otherwise, maintaining the intelligence capability would take precedence over anything else.

It follows from this that the use of this intelligence in diplomatic confrontations with Russians and in a British newspaper serves a greater purpose than the integrity of the source system. And that means that the Israelis expect a resolution in the very near future — the only reason they would have blown their penetration of the Russian-Iranian system.

Possible Outcomes

There are two possible outcomes here. The first is that having revealed the extent of the Iranian program and having revealed the Russian role in a credible British newspaper, the Israelis and the Americans (whose own leak in The New York Times underlined the growing urgency of action) are hoping that the Iranians realize that they are facing war and that the Russians realize that they are facing a massive crisis in their relations with the West. If that happens, then the Russians might pull their scientists and engineers, join in the sanctions and force the Iranians to abandon their program.

The second possibility is that the Russians will continue to play the spoiler on sanctions and will insist that they are not giving support to the Iranians. This leaves the military option, which would mean broad-based action, primarily by the United States, against Iran’s nuclear facilities. Any military operation would involve keeping the Strait of Hormuz clear, meaning naval action, and we now know that there are more nuclear facilities than previously discussed. So while the war for the most part would be confined to the air and sea, it would be extensive nonetheless.

Sanctions or war remain the two options, and which one is chosen depends on Moscow’s actions. The leaks this weekend have made clear that the United States and Israel have positioned themselves such that not much time remains. We have now moved from a view of Iran as a long-term threat to Iran as a much more immediate threat thanks to the Russians.

The least that can be said about this is that the Obama administration and Israel are trying to reshape the negotiations with the Iranians and Russians. The most that can be said is that the Americans and Israelis are preparing the public for war. Polls now indicate that more than 60 percent of the U.S. public now favors military action against Iran. From a political point of view, it has become easier for U.S. President Barack Obama to act than to not act. This, too, is being transmitted to the Iranians and Russians.

It is not clear to us that the Russians or Iranians are getting the message yet. They have convinced themselves that Obama is unlikely to act because he is weak at home and already has too many issues to juggle. This is a case where a reputation for being conciliatory actually increases the chances for war. But the leaks this weekend have strikingly limited the options and timelines of the United States and Israel. They also have put the spotlight on Obama at a time when he already is struggling with health care and Afghanistan. History is rarely considerate of presidential plans, and in this case, the leaks have started to force Obama’s hand.

By George Friedman

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Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any losses you may incur as a result of this analysis.

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Comments

Andreas
07 Oct 09, 10:22
Friedman Article - Attack Iran

And Mr. Friedman believes the (Zionist) NY Times leak b/c, well, as we all, they batted 0% when it came to Nigerian yellow-cake, mobile bio-weapon labs, al Qaeda training camps, and truckloads of chemical weapons in Iraq. To show Mr. Friedman's obvious bias, he doesn't even bother mentioning that El-Baradei, who still is the head of the IAEA, has flatly denied the existence of this report. But we'll go ahead and believe the neo-con / Mossad misinformation again being fed to the (compliant and supine) NY Times b/c, well, it helps to advance Mr. Friedman's ideological (i.e., fascist) agenda (which, of course, is why the neo-cons plant it there in the first place - it's called pulling yourself up by the shoestrings where I come from).

Next Mr. Friedman expands his hate- and war-mongering to Russia. Do you think he has considered that in the unlikely event that the Russian scientist story is actually true (not just that there are Russian nuclear scientists in Iran, but that they are there for helping Iran build nuclear weapons, as opposed to helping Iran with its civilian nuclear program, which Russia openly supports), isn't it possible they were looking for jobs and were hired without Russian approval? Or in Mr. Friedman's world, can Russians only leave Russia and get a job with the consent of Putin? Given the other comments he has made in his piece it would not surprise me if he thinks that Putin is responsible for each act of every Russian, but of course Bibi is not at fault for crimes an Israeli (even an Israeli soldier) does (or maybe Mr. Friedman thinks Israelis are incapable of committing crimes - probably so) and Babama is not at fault for what Americans (like Wall Street) does.

While Mr. Friedman is growling about Iran and wanting Americans to kill, maim and murder innocent Iranians, what does he think about the war crimes of which Israel stands accused? Of the nuclear weapons Israel has? Of Israel's constant invasion of its neighbors, of its constant destruction of the Palestinian's wealth and economy, of its brutal food, water and medicine blockade of civilian centers, of its unlawful (and against UNSC resolution) occupation of Jerusalem, amongst many other land masses, etc.)? I think according to his logic, we should impose crippling sanctions against Israel, and bomb Israel into submission!

Of course readers may not know that Friedman is a (Jewish) neo-con, and like all neo-cons, is an Israeli firster, who believes the USA is a vassal state of Israel and should fight all of Israel's (wrong-heard, unlawful, immoral and imperialistic) wars for it - so Americans can pay, die and be hated worldwide, instead of the Israelis behind the violence and destruction. Hence his unquestioning exaltation to truth of whatever misinformation Mossad is putting out is, in the way of the ignorant and blind sheeple that he is, understandable. Friedman, by the way, is the genius who in 1991 he penned a book predicting an imminent US war with Japan after the fall of the Soviet Union (based on access to resources).

But what does Market Oracle carry this type of vile crap? Don't you realize that a war with Iran could quite easily unleash WW III resulting in billions of dead if not the end of humanity but even in the best of cases would unleash a major regional war and result in countless dead? And if Iran were developing a nuclear weapon, who can blame them, after Israel, which has invaded country after country, has continuously threatened to bomb them, par. in light of the fact that Israel has nuclear weapons and the submarines and ballistic missiles to deliver them? Why would Iran not want nuclear weapons as a deterrent to Israel? (Indeed it is this ineluctable logic that is so conducive to the unproven belief that Iran is seeking to develop nuclear weapons). Well that is exactly why Israeli-firster neocons like Friedman hate Iran - because it is a deterrent to further Israel expansion and its fascistic, neo-Nazi vision of an "Eretz Israel" populated by the "Chosen People", what racist rubbish.

Please try to publish responsibly. It is clear that the West is as full of Islamaphobia as Germany was with anti-Semitism in the 1930s, and racist haters like Friedman and other neo-cons simply cannot have enough killing and destroying of Muslims and their economy. Already Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan are under attack, much like Germany had invaded Czechoslovakia and Poland. Once Iran is invaded, we will see alliances forming against the US, which is already writhing on its economic deathbed.



07 Oct 09, 20:00
iran

Yeah I'd really believe an article like this written by someone with a name like Friedman....not.


Henry
12 Oct 09, 14:53
sorry, not fooling us a second time, Bad guy = Israel not Iran

Dear Warmongers,

Many fell for your round of lies during Gulf War I, and then then lies of 911, and yet again during Gulf War II.

No more.

You want war, you get a weapon and invade yourself.

The only thing Iran is guilty of is not bowing to US/Israel investment banking vampires.


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