Best of the Week
Most Popular
1.US Paving the Way for Massive First Strike on North Korea Nuclear and Missile Infrastructure - Nadeem_Walayat
2.Trump Reset: US War With China, North Korea Nuclear Flashpoint - Video - Nadeem_Walayat
3.Silver Junior Mining Stocks 2017 Q2 Fundamentals - Zeal_LLC
4.Soaring Inflation Plunges UK Economy Into Stagflation, Triggers Government Pay Cap Panic! - Nadeem_Walayat
5.The Bitcoin Blueprint To Your Financial Freedom - Sean Keyes
6.North Korea 'Begging for War', 'Enough is Enough', is a US Nuclear Strike Imminent? - Nadeem_Walayat
7.Bitcoin Hits All-Time High and Smashes Through $5,000 As Gold Shows Continued Strength - Jeff_Berwick
8.2017 is NOT "Just Another Year" for the Stock Market: Here's Why - EWI
9.Gold : The Anatomy of the Bottoming Process - Rambus_Chartology
10.Bitcoin Falls 20% as Mobius and Chinese Regulators Warn - GoldCore
Last 7 days
BREAKING NEWS - United States Galloping Towards Nuclear War with China Proxy North Korea - 26th Sep 17
Here’s Why Turkey Can’t Stay Out Of Syria - 25th Sep 17
Hidden Gems Shows A Foreboding Stock Market Future - 25th Sep 17
10 Reason You Should Use Ridesharing To Save Money - 25th Sep 17
Commodities King Gartman Says Gold Soon Reach $1,400 As Drums of War Grow Louder - 25th Sep 17
Stock Market Mixed Expectations, Will Stocks Continue Higher? - 25th Sep 17
22 charts and 52 questions that will make you Buy Gold - 25th Sep 17
Speculation Favors Overall Higher Silver Prices - 25th Sep 17
The Advertising Breakthrough Revolutionizing Gaming - 25th Sep 17
Stock Market Forming a Reluctant Top - 25th Sep 17
Grid Forex Strategy - All You Need to Know - 25th Sep 17
Catalonia, Kurdistan, Patriotism, Flags and Referendums - 24th Sep 17
Two Key Indicators Show the S&P 500 Becoming the New ‘Cash’ - 24th Sep 17
The Felling of Sheffield's Big Street Trees 2017 - Dobcroft Road - 24th Sep 17
Advantages of Forex Trading - 24th Sep 17
Stocks, Gold, Dollar, Bitcoin Markets Analysis - 23rd Sep 17
How Will We Be Affected by a Series of Rate Hikes? - 23rd Sep 17
Fed Quantitative Tightening Impact on Stocks and Gold - 22nd Sep 17
Bitcoin & Blockchain: All Hype or Part of a Financial Revolution? - 22nd Sep 17
Pensions and Debt Time Bomb In UK: £1 Trillion Crisis Looms - 22nd Sep 17
Will North Korea Boost Gold Prices? Part I - 22nd Sep 17
USDJPY Leads the way for a Resurgent Greenback - 22nd Sep 17
Day Trading Guide for Dummies - 22nd Sep 17
Short-Term Uncertainty, As Stocks Fluctuate Along Record Highs - 21st Sep 17
4 Reasons Gold is Starting to Look Attractive as Cryptocurrencies Falter - 21st Sep 17
Should Liners Invest in Shipping Software Solutions and Benefits of Using Packaged Shipping Software - 21st Sep 17
The 5 Biggest Bubbles In Markets Today - 20th Sep 17
Infographic: The Everything Bubble Is Ready to Pop - 20th Sep 17
Americans Don’t Grasp The Magnitude Of The Looming Pension Tsunami That May Hit Us Within 10 Years - 20th Sep 17
Stock Market Waiting Game... - 20th Sep 17
Precious Metals Sector is on Major Buy Signal - 20th Sep 17
US Equities Destined For Negative Returns In The Next 7 Years - 3 Assets To Invest In Instead - 20th Sep 17
Looking For the Next Big Stock? Look at Design - 20th Sep 17
Self Employed? Understanding Business Insurance - 19th Sep 17
Stock Market Bubble Fortunes - 19th Sep 17
USD/CHF – Verification of Breakout or Further Declines? - 19th Sep 17
Blockchain Tech: Don't Say You Didn't Know - 19th Sep 17
The Fed’s 2% Inflation Target Is Pointless - 19th Sep 17
How To Resolve the Korean Conundrum  - 19th Sep 17
A World Doomed to a Never Ending War - 19th Sep 17
What is Backtesting? And Why You Need Backtesting System? - 19th Sep 17

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

3 Videos + 8 Charts = Opportunities You Need to See - Free

Why the Trump Tax Plan May Implode in America Rather than Explode in China

Politics / Taxes May 05, 2017 - 05:03 PM GMT

By: Dan_Steinbock

Politics Recently, President Trump released a US tax cut plan to reshore US corporate revenues. Some expect it to cause great challenges to manufacturing and capital outflows from China. The realities are more complex.

At the eve of the White House’s 100-day mark in office, the Trump administration  released an outline of tax reductions for American companies and households. There is great demand for change. US tax individual income tax system is broken, and while US corporate tax rates are high internationally, US companies have parked more than $1 trillion worth of cash abroad.


Yet, the White House has released no official estimations of the economic impact of the proposed changes. The plan is vague by design and incomplete by intent. The idea is to leave flexibility for wheeling and dealing when talks begin in the Congress.

President Trump’s proposal is not a broad reform package. Nor has the White House released any official estimations of the economic impact of the proposed changes. The plan is vague by design. The idea is to leave flexibility for wheeling and dealing with Congress. Indeed, the administration may ultimately opt for tax cuts, which are easier to implement than a full tax rewrite.

But what would Trump’s plan mean in America and in those emerging economies, such as China, which host an increasing number of US companies?

The Trump Plan    

From Roosevelt’s New Deal to Lyndon B. Johnson’s ‘Great Society,’ America sought to achieve the kind of welfare state, which in Europe goes back to Bismarck’s cooperation of the working class in the late 19th century. Until recently, progressive taxation has played a critical role in all advanced economies. But in America, that model that has been under a siege since the Reagan years. Today, US personal income tax rate is one of the lowest among the G20 economies (Figure 1a).

Conceivably, the Trump administration would simplify the number of individual income tax brackets, which currently top out at 39.6 percent, from seven to just three (10%, 25% and 35%). Moreover, it would reduce the tax rate on capital gains, non-corporate business taxes and those in the highest bracket, repeal the alternative minimum tax and the Affordable Care Act (the “Obamacare”) surtax, and the real estate tax. The last one alone, which affects just 5,300 fortunes annually, would cost some $174 billion over a decade, according to the non-partisan Tax Policy Center. Critics expect the total costs of the plan to soar to $5 trillion over a decade.

Trump would like to use debt to fuel a decade of fiscal expansion to deliver 25 million new US jobs and to restore 4 percent annual growth. However, the plan would mean widening fiscal deficit, and reduced savings. Most importantly, it would mean still another shift from progressive to regressive taxation, which would benefit mainly the US economic elite - the 1% whose real wealth has ballooned since the 1980s - while penalizing the rest of America, including Trump’s core constituencies, the shrinking white working-class America.

How would the plan affect global business competition?

Figure 1       Corporate and Individual Tax Rates in G20 Economies, 2016

a.       Personal Income Tax Rate

b.       Corporate Tax Rate

The ‘Reshoring’ Objective        

The Trump plan would almost halve US corporate rates to just 15 percent. In 2016, these rates were were around 30-35% in major advanced economies (France, Japan, Germany), except for the UK (19%). The current US rate (39%) is the highest among all G20 economies, including India and Brazil (35-34%) as well as China and Russia (25-20%) (Figure 1b). Such a dramatic cut would put America ahead even of tiny city paradises, incliuding Singapore (17%) and Hong Kong (16.5%).

The Trump plan courts US companies by cutting the corporate tax rate and with a one-time repatriation tax rate stashed. That, the White House calculates, will return home US companies' overseas profits and corporate operations. Trump’s Goldman Sachs advisers expect the tax plan will pay for itself with economic growth. In reality, even Republicans believe such cuts cannot pass through Congress without offsets.

Anxious voices in China and other large emerging economies are concerned that a low U.S. corporate rate could make US companies to leave Asia. Until recently, their concern was the US Fed’s impending tightening, which has already cost them periodic capital outflows. Drastic U.S. tax reductions could make bad scenarios a lot worse, while compelling tit-for-tat tax cuts in other countries and incentivizing emerging-market manufacturers to invest more in the US and less at home.

These concerns are driven by anecdotal evidence of some US companies selling major stakes (McDonald’s) or closing some factories (Seagate), and perceived trends that one in four US business in China has moved operations from the mainland or plans to do so, citing rising costs and protectionism (AmCham China).

Theoretically, these concerns have some validity. But in practice, they are inflated.

Trump’s Obstacles                   

Despite much political posturing, there has been no major outflux of foreign firms from China or other large emerging economies. As long as advanced economies remain amid secular stagnation and emerging economies offer growth that is 3-4 times faster than in the US or Europe, time will work for emerging economies.

Second, since the 1970s, US trade deficits have been a regional issue mainly with Asia, starting with Japan, then with Asian tigers (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan) followed by China. As costs are rising in China, emerging Asia will take the mantle over time but US trade deficits will prevail.

Third, relocation is more attractive to those companies that rely on low-cost production. For instance, after Guangdong opted to scale out low-margin and highly-polluting textile factories around 2007, the latter surfaced in Bangladesh (today's corporate tax rate 25%) and Sri Lanka (15%), Indonesia and Myanmar (25%), among others. However, to Guangdong, this was not a loss but an opportunity to move toward higher value-added, in line with the rebalancing of China's economy.

Fourth, even when relocation offers some benefits, US and other multinationals may prove reluctant to move their core operations, due to strategic considerations. After all, an increasing number of these companies rely on Chinese and other emerging-economy middle classes for their profitability.

Fifth, companies that rely on revenues from advanced technology want to retain their role in value chain networks, which feature R&D concentrations in China to stay close to the cutting edge of global innovation and the largest global customer base.

Sixth, China is no longer as exposed to the vagaries of export-led growth as it was prior to the global crisis. Beijing’s foreign reserves have stabilized and increased to over $3 trillion, while concerns over capital outflows have somewhat abated.

Seventh, by promoting expansionary policies, Trump is pushing the Fed to tighten faster than it would prefer, which may boost interest rates higher and strengthen the dollar, which will work against Trump’s expansion and lower dollar.

Last, the past 100 days of the new administration have not nullified its perceived uncertainty and volatility. Any controversial Trump plan is thus bound to face headwinds. Such initiatives will encounter countervailing forces in U.S. Congress and could fail. Even short-term success could unravel quickly after the Trump era.

So Trump’s reshoring objective must cope with opposing forces relating to growth in emerging economies, global profits associated with offshoring, low-cost industries, China’s shift toward innovation, the contradictory preconditions of Trump's expansion and the Fed's tightening, and the White House’s execution headwinds.

The news about the impending US reshoring is far too premature. If anything, the Trump tax plan has more potential to implode in America than to explode in China.

Dr Steinbock is the founder of the Difference Group and has served as the research director at the India, China, and America Institute (USA) and a visiting fellow at the Shanghai Institutes for International Studies (China) and the EU Center (Singapore). For more information, see http://www.differencegroup.net/

© 2017 Copyright Dan Steinbock - All Rights Reserved

Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors.


© 2005-2017 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

Catching a Falling Financial Knife