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# How to Know if Stock Market Bulls or Bears are in Control

Stock-Markets / Stock Markets 2010 Dec 03, 2010 - 09:56 AM GMT

There are different ways of measuring what is happening in the markets.

Indexes measure the market, but some indexes are price weighted, some are market value-weighted or market share-weighted, and some are float weighted. It is sometimes why, a few stocks can have an over exaggerated impact on the movement of an index.

Index values don't answer a very important question, and that is, "What percentage of all the stocks are in an up-trend versus the percentage in a down-trend?" (This is illustrated in the chart below.)

It is an important question, because the answer tell's you who is in the majority ... the Bulls or the Bears.

Finding the answer is not a simple task, because we have to run an analysis of the strength of every stock on every index, every night. We first run a program to count the number of stocks in an up trend, and then we re-run the program to count the number of stocks in a down trend. (We do this for every stock that has a value of over two dollars.)

We don't stop there ... we do two more runs. This time, we measure the number of "Very Strong" and "Very Weak" stocks. With that, we have a good view of what the bulls and bears are doing and if there is a power shift starting to occur. With the four program computations, we can create Bull/Bear ratios for the Broad Market and the Leadership stocks in the market.

The answer relative to who is in control (Bulls or Bears) can then be easily determined by dividing the Strong and Weak numbers to produce a Ratio. If the number is positive, then there are more stocks trending up than down. If the number is negative, then there are more stocks trending down and the bears have the advantage.

So, let's look at the Ratio chart and analysis for the past year and a half. There are two Ratios expressed in the top graph of the chart below. The red line show us the Ratio of Leadership stocks to the Down leaders. The blue bars show us the Ratio of the Up-Trending stocks versus the Down-Trending stocks in the Broad Market.

*** There are two things to note in this study.First, when the Ratios are in Positive Territory, the Bulls are in charge and the stock market rallies. When the Ratios are Negative and the Very Strong Ratio is lower than the Strong Ratio, then there are more Bears than Bulls and the market pulls back

Second, the relationship of the red Leadership Ratio to the blue Broad Market Ratio is also important.

Why? Because Leadership stocks will "lead or pull the market up or down".The higher the red Leadership line is above the blue Broad market Ratio, the greater the positive pull is on the Broad Market. The opposite is also true.

Bulls or Bears? Which one has been in control during the past two weeks?

Since November 18th, the Very Strong Ratio has been positive except for one day, and even on that day the Very Strong Ratio was higher than the Broad market Ratio. So, for the past two weeks, the Bulls have been in control in spite of the recent market weakness. On Wednesday, the Very Strong Ratio doubled from 1.03 to 2.39 which pulled the Broad market Ratio up from a negative -1.12 to a positive 1.65.

(Today's chart is shared as a courtesy to our Free members and will not be shown again on this free member site for at least a month in respect for our paid members. This chart can be found every day on Section 4, Chart 1 of the Standard subscriber site.)

By Marty Chenard
http://www.stocktiming.com/

Please Note: We do not issue Buy or Sell timing recommendations on these Free daily update pages . I hope you understand, that in fairness, our Buy/Sell recommendations and advanced market Models are only available to our paid subscribers on a password required basis. Membership information

Marty Chenard is the Author and Teacher of two Seminar Courses on "Advanced Technical Analysis Investing", Mr. Chenard has been investing for over 30 years. In 2001 when the NASDAQ dropped 24.5%, his personal investment performance for the year was a gain of 57.428%. He is an Advanced Stock Market Technical Analyst that has developed his own proprietary analytical tools.  As a result, he was out of the market two weeks before the 1987 Crash in the most recent Bear Market he faxed his Members in March 2000 telling them all to SELL.  He is an advanced technical analyst and not an investment advisor, nor a securities broker.

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