Best of the Week
Most Popular
1. Trumponomics Stock Market 2018 - The Manchurian President (1/2) - Nadeem_Walayat
2.Yield Curve Inversion a Remarkably Accurate Warning Indicator For Economic & Market Peril - Dan_Amerman
3.China is Now Officially at War With the US and Japan - Graham_Summers
4.Markets Pay Attention Moment - China’s Bubble Economy Ripe for Bursting - 16th Jul 18 - Plunger
5.Stock Market Longer-Term Charts Show Incredible Potential - Chris_Vermeulen
6.U.S. Stock Market Cycles Update - Jim_Curry
7.Another Stock Market Drop Next Week? - Brad_Gudgeon
8.The Death of the US Real Estate Dream - Harry_Dent
9.Gold Market Signal vs. Noise - Jordan_Roy_Byrne
10.The Fonzie–Ponzi Theory of Government Debt: An Update - F_F_Wiley
Last 7 days
Turkey Debt Crisis is Not Contained - 20th Aug 18
Surviving a Trade War in the Age of Trump and Brexit - 20th Aug 18
Stocks Get Closer to January's Record High, What's Next? - 20th Aug 18
London Eye Best Times to Visit for Shortest Queues - Tourist Tips - 20th Aug 18
What the Copper and Gold Crash Means for Commodities and Stocks - 20th Aug 18
Stock Market Challenging Recent High - 19th Aug 18
Venezuela's Great Bolivar Scam, Nothing but a Face Lift - 19th Aug 18
Heavy Truck Sales Sending a Bullish Sign for Stock Market - 19th Aug 18
Why Oil Prices Fell -- Stockpiles or Price Pattern? - 18th Aug 18
Why The Uranium Price Must Go Up - 18th Aug 18
Land Rover Discovery Sport 90% Motorway Driving MPG Fuel Economy in ECO Mode - 18th Aug 18
GDX Gold Mining Stocks Q2’18 Fundamentals - 18th Aug 18
SPX Losing Gains - 17th Aug 18
What Gold Is Not - 17th Aug 18
Dollargeddon - Gold Price to Soar Above $6,000 - 16th Aug 18
Stock Market Higher Again, Correction Over? - 16th Aug 18
Up Your Forex Trading Game - 16th Aug 18
Large Caps Underperformance vs. Small Caps is Bullish for Stocks - 16th Aug 18
“The Big Grab” - Failing Pension and Retirement System - 16th Aug 18
How US Indo-Pacific Vision Forgot Asian Development - 16th Aug 18
Impulse Moves in the Currencies - 15th Aug 19
Best Merlin UK Theme Park Summer Holiday 2018 - Thorpe, Alton Towers, LegoLand or Chessington? - 15th Aug 18
The Essence of Writing an Essay that Must be Understood - 15th Aug 19
Is Solar Energy Rising From The Ashes Again? - 15th Aug 18
A Bullish Bond Argument That Hides in Plain Sight - 15th Aug 18
Jim Rogers on Gold, Silver, Bitcoin and Blockchain’s “Spectacular Future” - 15th Aug 19
A Depressed Economy And A Silver Boom - 15th Aug 19
Moving Averages Help You Define Market Trend – Here’s How - 14th Aug 18
It's Time for A New Economic Strategy in Turkey - 14th Aug 18
Gold Price to Plunge Below $1000 - Key Factors for Gold & Silver Investors - 14th Aug 18
Dow Stock Market Trend Forecast 2018 - Video - 13th Aug 18
Stock Market Downtrend to Continue? - 13th Aug 18
More Signs That the Stock Market Will Rally Until 2019 - 13th Aug 18
New Stock Market Correction Underway - 13th Aug 18
Talk Cold Turkey Economic Crisis - 13th Aug 18

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

Trading Any Market

The Euro Dollar Market and Financial Crises

Interest-Rates / US Bonds Feb 10, 2011 - 10:17 AM GMT

By: Christopher_Quigley

Interest-Rates

Eurodollars are time deposits denominated in U.S. dollars at banks outside the United States, and thus are not under the jurisdiction of the Federal Reserve. Consequently, such deposits are subject to much less regulation than similar deposits within the U.S., allowing for higher margins. The term was originally coined for U.S. dollars in European banks, but it expanded over the years to its present definition: a U.S. dollar-denominated deposit in Tokyo or Beijing would be likewise deemed a Eurodollar deposit. There is no connection with the euro currency or the euro zone. The first Eurodollars were created by deposits made by the Moscow Narodny bank in 1957 to its branch in London to protect Russian State foreign reserves during the cold war.


Eurodollar deposits are a cheaper source of funds because they are free of reserve requirements and deposit insurance assessments.
Due to the secrecy and light regulation surrounding the Eurodollar market, based in London, an extraordinary situation has unfolded where the Euromarket which has no physical embodiment in an exchange is now the largest source of capital in the world. This state of affairs has developed because dollars held in “banks” overseas (i.e. Eurodollars) form the basis of new bank credit. This credit is issued with untold leverage due to no formal reserve requirement and little or no regulation. The fact that this “market” is based at the Corporation of London (otherwise known as “The City”) is one reason why this financial powerhouse is beginning to eclipse New York as the financial center for the 21st. century.

The growth of the Eurodollar market has been further supported by the birth of Eurobonds. These instruments are in the main unregulated offshore bearer bonds. No record is kept of who owns them so they are perfect for tax evasion. Thus it is no shock to discover a great source of funds to the Eurobond market comes from The Isle of Man, Jersey, Guernsey, Malta, Cyprus, The Cayman Islands, Barbados, Bermuda, The Virgin Islands, Gibraltar, Monte Carlo, Lichtenstein, Luxembourg,  the IFSC Dublin, Hong Kong, Panama and of course, the daddy of them all, Switzerland. These tax havens are all linked to “The City” by a myriad of interconnected accountants, lawyers, financial advisors, consultants and “boutique” banks where secrecy is paramount. It is estimated that wealthy individuals and multinational corporations hold more than 18 trillion dollars (that’s trillion with a capital “T”) “offshore” in these “tax havens”.

As a result the Eurodollar has become a new form of money (if by money one means unregulated credit) and had exploded in size. By 1997 nearly 90% of all international loans were in this market. Today it has grown so large that the Bank of International Settlements has ceased to measure it independently.

The part the Eurodollar market has played in the Global financial collapse has not been fully analyzed or documented to date. I think such an analysis is long overdue. Our monetary system needs to be brought back to a solid steady state where economic value means solid capital investment which creates real added value, real employment and real benefits for ordinary citizens and society  not smoke and mirror transfer profits for a gilded elite.

Reference:        “Treasure Islands”
                            Nicholas Shaxson

                            Wikipedia Online Encyclopedia

By Christopher M. Quigley
B.Sc., M.M.I.I. Grad., M.A.
http://www.wealthbuilder.ie

Mr. Quigley was born in 1958 in Dublin and holds a Batchelor Degree in Accounting and Management from Trinity College/College of Commerce, Dublin and is a graduate of the Marketing Institute of Ireland. He commenced investing in the Stock Market in 1989. in Belmont, California where he lived for 6 years. He developed the Wealthbuilder investment and trading course over the last decade as a result of research, study, experience and successful application. This course marries Fundamental Analysis with Technical Analysis and focuses on 3 specific approaches. Namely: Momentum, Value and Pension Strategies.

Mr. Quigley is now based in Dublin, Ireland and Tampa Bay, Florida.

© 2011 Copyright Christopher M. Quigley - All Rights Reserved

Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any trading losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors before engaging in any trading activities.

Christopher M. Quigley Archive

© 2005-2018 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

6 Critical Money Making Rules