Best of the Week
Most Popular
1.The Trump Reset, US Empire's Coming Economic, Cyber and Military War With China (2/2) - Nadeem_Walayat
2.Now Is the Time to Buy Gold - 5th Jan 17 - John Grandits
3.CIA Planning Rogue President Donald Trump Assassination? Elites "Manchurian Candidate" Plan B - Nadeem_Walayat
4.The Trump Reset - Regime Change, Russia the Over Hyped Fake News SuperPower (Part1) - Nadeem_Walayat
5.Most Popular Financial Markets Analysis of 2016 - Stock Market Crash Postponed Again - Nadeem_Walayat
6.No UK House Prices Brexit Crash 2016 Despite London Weakness, Forecast 2017 - Nadeem_Walayat
7.President Trump Understands the NSA, CIA... LIE, America's Intelligence Agencies Crime Syndicate! -Nadeem_Walayat
8.President Donald Trump's 2017 New Year Message, BBC Fake News, Was 2016 a Dream? - Nadeem_Walayat
9.Major Stocks Bear Market Still Looms - Zeal_LLC
10.Biased 2017 Forecasts - Debt, Housing and Stock Market (1/2) - James_Quinn
Last 7 days
The Trump RESET Starts on US Presidential Inauguration Day 2017 - What to Expect - 20th Jan 17
Will the CIA Assassinate Rogue President Donald Trump Like JFK? - 19th Jan 17
Bonds, Dollar, Stocks, Gold, Silver Major Markets at Turning Points - 19th Jan 17
Populism; the Danger? What About Debt? - 19th Jan 17
Gold Price 50-DMA Breakout - 19th Jan 17
Turkey, 'Axis of Gold' and End of US Dollar Hegemony - 19th Jan 17
The Most Important Market Chart on the Planet - 19th Jan 17
Trump Deficits Will Be Huge - 19th Jan 17
Stock Market Trading Patience Pays Off with CHK Using Momentum Reversals - 19th Jan 17
Gold - How to "Buy Low and Sell High" Like a Pro - 19th Jan 17
State of the Global Stock, Financial and Commodity Markets Report 2017 - 19th Jan 17
The Hunt for Russia's Next Enemy - 18th Jan 17
Returning Gold Bulls - 18th Jan 17
Biotech Breakthrough Could Create A $11.4 Trillion Opportunity - 18th Jan 17
Bitcoin and Gold - Outlook, Volatility and Safe Haven Diversification - 17th Jan 17
Stock Market Uptrend on Borrowed Time - 17th Jan 17
The One Stock to Retire On - 17th Jan 17
Trump anti-Communist Counter Revolution - 17th Jan 17
US Stock Market Update as the Trump Inauguration Approaches - 17th Jan 17
The American Crisis - Common Sense 2017 - 17th Jan 17
Obama Leaves, Hope Arrives, Will Stupid Stay? - 17th Jan 17
Damage Inflicted by Precious Metals Manipulation Is in the “Multi Billions” - Keith Neumeyer - 17th Jan 17
Gold Price Forecast 2017 Update - Video - 17th Jan 17
The Story of the U.S. Regime Change Plan in the Philippines - 16th Jan 17
Gold Price 2017 Trending Towards $1375 as Forecast - 16th Jan 17
'Deep State' CIA Director States We are Not NAZI's, Warns Trump Does Not Understand Russian Threat - 15th Jan 17
UK House Prices Forecast 2017 - Crash or Bull Market? - Video - 15th Jan 17
SPX Stocks Bull Market Update - 14th Jan 17
President Trump vs the Deep State that Hides in Plain Sight - 14th Jan 17
The Impact of Sir Alex Ferguson's Retirement on Man United's Share Price - 14th Jan 17
What Can Stock Market Tell You About Politics? - 13th Jan 17
Big Gold Buying Coming 2017 - 13th Jan 17
A Bullish Case for Gold 2017 - 13th Jan 17
Will Stocks Bull Market Continue to Charge or is it Time to Sell the News - 13th Jan 17
Gold and Silver Off To Shining Start to 2017 - 13th Jan 17
Gold’s Fundamental Outlook for 2017 - 13th Jan 17
Is trading stocks and shares just as luck-based as roulette? - 13th Jan 17
Trump CIA Like Nazi Germany - Fake MI6 Intelligence leaked to Fake News Mainstream Media - 13th Jan 17
USD in Decline. SPX and TNX May Follow - 12th Jan 17
CIA War On Trump - Leaks Fake MI6 Intelligence to Fake News Broadcast Media - 12th Jan 17

Free Instant Analysis

Free Instant Technical Analysis


Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

State of Global Markets 2017 - Report

Russia & Brazil’s Strategic Alliance Continue

Commodities / Metals & Mining Jul 05, 2012 - 08:28 AM GMT

By: Anthony_David

Commodities

Best Financial Markets Analysis ArticleRussia and Brazil, both major commodity nations, make a strategic pair with Russia ranking among the world’s top producers in the energy and metals sectors while Brazil is a strong exporter of agricultural products, cars, machinery and iron ore. Trade between the two countries grew five-fold in the period from 2002-2008. In 2010 Brazil and Russia entered into an agreement to boost trade between their countries and enter into strategic partnerships in the areas of energy, infrastructure and space exploration.


More significantly, in advance of global credit possibly drying up, the two countries along with the other BRICS nations of China, India and South Africa, are firming up agreements to trade in their own currencies instead of the U.S. dollar.

Since the fall of the Soviet Union, Russia has transitioned from a globally isolated economy to a more global market oriented economy. With the decks cleared for Russia’s entry to the World Trade Organization the country will open up to products and services from countries all around the world. With the exception of the energy and defense related sectors most of Russia’s industries were privatized in the 1990’s. However, the private sector is still subject to strong interference by the state. Since much of the country’s economy is based on commodity exports, it is subject to the wild swings of global commodity prices. Russia was hard hit by the 2008-09 global oil crisis and the Russian government spent billions of dollars of international reserves to slow down the run on the ruble. Since 2011, high oil prices brought the country’s economy back on an even keel. However, 2012’s falling oil prices have caused another run on the ruble. Russia’s over dependence on oil makes it very vulnerable to crude market shocks.

Russia belongs to the G8, G20 as well as BRICS. It has all the aspects of a developed economy as well as many aspects of a developing economy. With its as yet untapped, vast and significant mineral resources, and technological advancements Russia has the ability to become a global powerhouse. Russia is the world’s largest miner of diamonds accounting for 25% of global production. It also has large reserves of gold and silver and accounts for a significant percentage of global production. In 2011, Russia became the world’s leading oil producer. It is the second largest producer of natural gas and the third-largest producer of steel and aluminum. It has the world’s largest natural gas reserves, second largest coal reserves and the eighth largest oil reserves.

The Russian mining sector is unable to attract the kind of investments that it needs because of the country’s bureaucracy and restrictive laws for foreign investment and mining permits, especially in mineral categories deemed as critical or strategic by the Russian government.

Brazil is one of South America’s most influential countries and one of the world’s largest democracies. Similar to Russia, in Brazil also the state plays a very strong role in critical strategic sectors like energy, oil and banking. Since 2003, the country has steadily improved its overall macroeconomic stability. In 2008 global recession did not spare Brazil as the country’s commodity based exports were hit by falling global demand and lowered spending. With a series of government initiatives, in 2010 the country was one of the first emerging markets to post a recovery. High interest rates make Brazil a haven for foreign investors, and this has resulted in huge capital inflows that have contributed to the appreciation of the Brazilian real. When currency appreciation started hurting Brazilian manufacturers the government stepped in to contain the foreign exchange markets by imposing higher taxes on some of the foreign funds. The Brazilian government’s considerable influence in every facet of the country’s economy is visible in the slew of stimulus projects that it has set in motion to blunt the current slowdown.

Brazil is rich in Iron Ore, Tin, Pyrochlore (from which ferroniobium is extracted), Bauxite, Manganese, Tantalum, Gold, Gemstones and China clay. Most of this mineral wealth has only been partially exploited to date. Brazilian company Vale is the world’s second largest mining company and the world’s largest iron ore producer with 65% of its revenues coming from iron ore exports. The company has emerged as a global player with stakes in mines all over the world. Brazilian iron ore exports account for 78% of the country’s mining exports powered mainly by Chinese demand for steel. Brazil is the world’s second largest producer of manganese after South Africa. Though Vale accounts for 95% of Brazil’s manganese ore production, manganese accounts for only 2.2% of the company’s overall business.

Gold has become Brazil’s second important mineral export after iron ore. With 4.5% of the world’s gold reserves, the country has become the world’s 13th largest gold producer accounting for 2.5% of global gold production. Brazil has the fifth largest global Bauxite reserves and accounts for 14% of the world’s bauxite production. It is also home to a fifth of the world’s tin reserves, 3% of world’s zinc reserves, 6.6% of the world’s nickel reserves, 2% of the world’s copper reserves and 7% of global uranium reserves. Brazil has 90% of the world’s known niobium resources and dominates world niobium production. Despite its considerable phosphate and potassium reserves Brazil still depends on fertilizer imports for its agricultural industries.

Though Brazil is home to significant and abundant mineral resources, and has drawn in huge investments, lack of infrastructure and access to advanced technology is seen as a major stumbling block to achieve full scale development.

By Anthony David

http://www.criticalstrategicmetals.com

The mission of the Critical Strategic Metals Web Site

is to serve as a monthly compass for those who take a fundamental view of investment regarding the Molybdenum, Manganese and Magnesium metals markets, are concerned with the emerging critical under-supply of these strategic metals to Western nations and wish to profitability chart their course. Each month we will research and provide, in as short and concise a manner as possible, the most applicable information available on resources that will have the biggest impact on our day to day lives. Click here to sign-up for our FREE monthly report.

© 2012 Copyright  Anthony David- All Rights Reserved Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors.


© 2005-2016 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

Catching a Falling Financial Knife