Best of the Week
Most Popular
1.How U.S. Dollar Destruction Threatens the Global Economy - Steve Forbes
2.Why UK House Prices Will Continue Rising - 'It's Immigration Stupid' - Nadeem_Walayat
3. Bitcoin Price at Beginning of a Move up? - Mike_McAra
4.Gold Price to Plunge, Visiting Fort Knox - David_Hague
5.Silver Price Forecast - Metal to Gain Ground in August on These Factors - Jim Bach
6.Gold And Silver Will Rise With US Dollar Demise, Just Not Soon - Michael_Noonan
7.Bitcoin Price Strong Move Possible - Mike_McAra
8.Israel Gaza War Crimes - Soldier's Ordered to Shoot Civilians Including Children - C4News - C4News
9.UK House Prices Crash Warning - Daily Mail Cognitive Dissonance - Nadeem_Walayat
10.UK House Prices Boom - Top Quick Cheap Tips to Help Sell Your Home - Nadeem_Walayat
Last 5 days
Gold Rising Interest Rate Fallacy - 22nd Aug 14
Jackson Hole: Myth of the All Powerful Central Banker Continues - 22nd Aug 14
Partying On In The Terror State - Thank God for Nuclear Weapons - 22nd Aug 14
The Something for Nothing Society - Lifecycle of Bureaucracy - 22nd Aug 14
Hitting The ISIS Panic Button In The Middle East - 22nd Aug 14
US Stock Indices 10-Year Consolidation Patterns ... Upside Breakouts? - 22nd Aug 14
Gold and Silver Price Getting Set To Explode Higher - 22nd Aug 14
Deflation's Final Curtain Call - Part II - 22nd Aug 14 - Clif_Droke
Gold Big Picture: Most Important - 22nd Aug 14
How the “Uncertainty Factor” Drives Crude Oil Prices - 22nd Aug 14
Inflation, Interest Rates, and Why You Should Own Gold - 22nd Aug 14
U.S. Interest Rates Can Rise States Fed President - 22nd Aug 14
Why Emotional Discipline is Key to Trading Success - 21st Aug 14
Getting the Most Value from Your “Geriatric Cruiser” - 21st Aug 14
Mafia Boss Claims Stocks A Bubble, Buy Physical Gold and Silver - 21st Aug 14
Outrage! On The Beheading of Our Media Brother James Foley - 21st Aug 14
Stock Market Crash a Historical Pattern? - 21st Aug 14
The Black Box Economy - 21st Aug 14
The Bond Market is taking Advantage of Janet Yellen`s Dovishness - 21st Aug 14
Meet Your Investment Manager - 21st Aug 14
Gold and Silver Trading Alert as U.S. Dollar Soars to New Highs - 21st Aug 14
President Obama Strongest Statement Yet on Israel Gaza War - 20th Aug 14
Peak Gold? Russia To Surpass Australia As World No 2 Gold Producer - 20th Aug 14
AI, Robotics, and the Future of Jobs - 20th Aug 14
Stock Market Investors What's Your Exit? - 20th Aug 14
The Gold War - Thinker, Trader, Holder, Why? - 20th Aug 14
Ukraine Interest Rates Soars to 17.5% As External Debt Cannot be Repaid - 20th Aug 14
Rising Interest Rates and The End of Stimuland - 20th Aug 14
Inflation Watch: $245,000 to Raise a Child in United States - 20th Aug 14
Inside the Stunning Deal That Put Apple and IBM on the Same Side - 20th Aug 14
The US Gold in Fort Knox is Secure, Gone, or Irrelevant? - 19th Aug 14
Bitcoin Price On The Brink of a Possible Reversal - 19th Aug 14
Why Tesla Stock Price Will Double in the Next 12 Months - 19th Aug 14
Europe's Economic Malaise: The New Normal? - 19th Aug 14
The Coming U.S. Economic Collapse Will Trigger a Revolution - 19th Aug 14
Market Bubbles, Bubbles Everywhere - 19th Aug 14
This is Your Economic Recovery With and Without Drugs - 19th Aug 14
Stock Market Strong Start to Jackson Hole Week - 19th Aug 14
Iraq, Ukraine - Oh, What A Tangled Mess We Weave - 19th Aug 14
How to Apply Moving Averages as a Trading Tool - Video - 18th Aug 14
Why Short Stock Traders Are Losing Money This Week - 18th Aug 14
Stock Market Rally May be Complete - 18th Aug 14
Why Chinese Citizens Invest In Gold - 18th Aug 14
Palladium Reaches 13-Year High Over $900 oz as Gold Trading Volumes Surge 66% - 18th Aug 14
Understand and Profit from Surging European Volatility - 18th Aug 14
No Escape from The Dollar as The Currency Standard - 18th Aug 14
Stock Market New Highs Less Certain - 18th Aug 14
German Stock Market DAX About To Drop - 18th Aug 14
Stay on Board - Stock Market Big Picture - 18th Aug 14
Europe Economy Is Tanking, QE Is Coming - 18th Aug 14
Are You Ready for The Greatest Technology Revolution Yet? - 17th Aug 14
Why King Coal is Bigger than Oil or Gas - 17th Aug 14
U.S. Empire of Death and Lies - 17th Aug 14
Ukraine - Whose Spin Are We Caught Up In Here? - 17th Aug 14
Time Decay And No Escape For Abenomics - 17th Aug 14
India BSE SENSEX The Party Is Over In Bombay - 17th Aug 14
Stock Market Uptrend Looks Underway - 17th Aug 14
The Key Role Of Conspiracy Theory In Dumbing Down Society - 17th Aug 14
The Federal Reserve in Denial Mode - Bond Market Explained - 17th Aug 14

Free Instant Analysis

Free Instant Technical Analysis


Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

The Biggest lie in Stock Market History Revealed

China Ponzi Banks Duping Depositors Into Financing Busted Real Estate Projects

Stock-Markets / Credit Crisis 2012 Aug 11, 2012 - 01:04 PM GMT

By: Mike_Shedlock

Stock-Markets

Best Financial Markets Analysis ArticleTop Chinese banks are involved in Ponzi financing of investment deals, offering interest rates over 7% to depositors, to finance real estate projects gone bust and other projects whose assets are not even disclosed.

Banks label these schemes "Wealth Management Products" (WMPs) but any individuls foolish enough to invest in them are going to lose money, perhaps all of it.


Reuters explains in a special report China's answer to subprime bets: the "Golden Elephant"

The Chinese investment vehicle known as "Golden Elephant No. 38" promises buyers a 7.2 percent return per year. That's more than double the rate offered on savings accounts nationally.

Absent from the product's prospectus is any indication of the asset underpinning Golden Elephant: a near-empty housing project in the rural town of Taihe, at the end of a dirt path amid rice fields in one of China's poorest provinces.

"They haven't even built a proper road here," said Li Chun, a car repairman, who said he lives in the project. "The local government is holding onto the flats and only wants to sell them when prices go up."

Golden Elephant No. 38 is one of thousands of "wealth-management products", instruments aimed at monied investors, which have shown phenomenal growth over the last five years. Sales of them soared 43 percent in the first half of 2012 to 12.14 trillion yuan ($1.90 trillion), according to a report by CN Benefit, a Chinese wealth-management consultancy.

They are usually created in China's "shadow banking" system - non-banking institutions that are not subject to the same regulations as banks - which has grown to account for around a fifth of all new financing in China.

Like the subprime-debt lending spree in the United States that helped spark the 2008 financial crisis, the products are often opaque, and usually dependent on high-risk underlying assets, such as the Taihe housing project.

Chinese Banks' Weapons of Mass Ponzi

Financial Times Alphaville picked up on the story in Chinese Banks' Weapons of Mass Ponzi

We wrote last week that China's shadow banking system was reflecting and, to an extent, contributing to a growing liquidity risk which in turn is being exacerbated by net capital outflows. Since then, there have been some interesting revelations on the domestic liquidity management, especially in shadow banking, and especially especially in wealth management products.

To recap, wealth management products or WMPs are a little like a term deposit, only they offer Chinese investors a more appealing rate of return than a normal bank deposit (which will deliver a negative real return) and it can be backed by assets -- effectively, an informal securitisation.

If you're wondering what sort of assets that includes, Reuters wrote up an excellent investigation of the WMP scene, beginning with the case study of "Golden Elephant no. 38" which promises a 7.5 per cent return. It shows just how illiquid some of these things are.

At the same time as the risks around WMP issuance are gaining attention, something else is going on in Chinese financial system: interbank assets are surging, as Also Sprach Analyst points out.

Total Lending Breakdown - CNY bn

There's no knowing when, how or if some kind of liquidity crisis might happen in the Chinese banking system, but there are plenty of possible triggers to be found.

A story on Tuesday in China Daily cited a study by The Chinese Banker that found capital shortfalls among the five biggest banks would grow sharply in 2012 and 2013. The China Daily link is now broken, unfortunately, [Mish Note: the link is now working] but Chinascope Financial has a summary:

"Data from the report shows that capital shortfall in China's major five state-owned banks in 2012 will be: CNY 60.4 billion (Industrial and Commercial Bank of China), CNY 63.5 billion (Agricultural Bank of China), CNY 37.6 billion (Bank of China), CNY 35.4 billion (China Construction Bank), and CNY 47.8 billion (Bank of Communications). By the end of 2013, the capital gap of the five banks will further increase to CNY 69.1 billion, CNY 83.8 billion, CNY 78.7 billion, CNY 39.9 billion and CNY 68.7 billion, respectively."

Capital Shortfalls

Alphaville totaled the above numbers and came up with a capital shortfall of Rmb 244.7 billion for 2012 and a Rmb 340.2 billion shortfall by the end of 2013.

While converting Rmb 244.7 billion to US dollars (the answer is $72.11 billion), I accidentally stumbled across the Rmb 244.7 billion figure in KPMG China's weekly banking news summary

Better than expected profits from Chinese banks

Ten Chinese commercial banks have reported better than expected net profits of RMB 244.7 billion (USD 72.11 billion) in the first half of 2011, approximately 30 percent more than the net profits reported for the same period in 2010. The increase was boosted by strong growth in the banks' net interest income and intermediary business.

Better than expected earnings exactly match expected capital shortfalls. Fancy that.

Poway, Golden Elephants, and Pay Option ARMs

This setup sounds much like the "better than expected earnings" reports by US banks in 2006 on Pay Option ARMs. No money came in to banks but accrued interest added to the bottom line (until the deferred payment scheme on questionable assets blew sky high).

Poway vs. "Golden Elephant"

"Golden Elephant" also sounds like the Ponzi scheme in Poway, California.

Poway borrowed $105 million and will defer interest and principal payments for 20 years at which time Poway will owe $1 billion.

For further details, please see Ponzi Financing in Poway California Based on Massively Rising Property Values

Regarding Poway, I was asked "Who is dumber, the city of Poway or the bank that made the loan?"

That's a good question. Certainly the bank that originated the loan will not be paid back if they hold this loan to term. But did they keep it? Given the fiasco in Pay Option ARMs I rather doubt it.

Indeed, I highly suspect the bank that originated the deal sold the loan to some unsuspecting pension plan such as CALPers, or perhaps some plan covering Poway itself.

Read more at http://globaleconomicanalysis.blogspot.ca/2012/08/...

By Mike "Mish" Shedlock
http://globaleconomicanalysis.blogspot.com Click Here To Scroll Thru My Recent Post List

Mike Shedlock / Mish is a registered investment advisor representative for SitkaPacific Capital Management . Sitka Pacific is an asset management firm whose goal is strong performance and low volatility, regardless of market direction.

Visit Sitka Pacific's Account Management Page to learn more about wealth management and capital preservation strategies of Sitka Pacific.

I do weekly podcasts every Thursday on HoweStreet and a brief 7 minute segment on Saturday on CKNW AM 980 in Vancouver.

When not writing about stocks or the economy I spends a great deal of time on photography and in the garden. I have over 80 magazine and book cover credits. Some of my Wisconsin and gardening images can be seen at MichaelShedlock.com .

© 2012 Mike Shedlock, All Rights Reserved.


© 2005-2014 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

Free Report - Financial Markets 2014