Best of the Week
Most Popular
1.Gold Price Trend Forecast, Where are the Gold Traders? - Bob_Loukas
2.Stocks Bear Market of 2017 Begins? Shorting the Dow At its Peak! - Nadeem_Walayat
3.Betting on President Trump Leaving Office Early, Presidency End Date - Betfair Market - Nadeem_Walayat
4.Why Stock Market Analysts Will be Wrong About 2017 - Clif_Droke
5.Is This The Best Way For Investors To Play The Electric Car Boom - OilPrice_Com
6.Silver Price 2017 Trend Forecast Update - Video - Nadeem_Walayat
7.Gold Price Set For Very Bullish 2017, Trend Forecast - Austin_Galt
8.10 Things I learned From Meetings With Trump’s Transition Team - - John_Mauldin
9.How Investors Can Profit From Trumps Military Ambitions - OilPrice_Com
10.Channel 4 War on 'Fake News', Forgets Own Alt Reality Propaganda Broadcasting - Nadeem_Walayat
Last 7 days
Underperformance in Gold Stocks Argues for Interim Peak - 25th Feb 17
Watch What Happens When Silver Price Hits $26...  - 25th Feb 17
Gold Futures Buying Yet to Start - 25th Feb 17
When the Stock Market Flying Pig Tops - 24th Feb 17
Gold, Second Fed Hike and Interest Rates - 24th Feb 17
Bitcoin Price Hits Record High! - 24th Feb 17
Another Stock Market Bubble? Bring it On! - 24th Feb 17
What Investors Need To Know About U.S. Money Market Funds? - 24th Feb 17
When Was America’s Peak Wealth? - 24th Feb 17
The Oscars – Worth Their Weight in Gold? - 24th Feb 17
The Best Reasons to Buy Gold in the Age of Trump - 22nd Feb 17
Silver, The Return of Stagflation - 22nd Feb 17
Why EU BrExit Single Market Access Hard line is European Union Committing Suicide - 22nd Feb 17
Gold: Short End US Rates Matter More Than Long End Real Yields - 22nd Feb 17
CONTINENTAL RESOURCES: Example Of What Is Horribly Wrong With The U.S. Shale Oil Industry - 22nd Feb 17
Here’s Proof Rising Rates Are Good for Gold - 21st Feb 17
Gold and Silver Weekly Update - 21st Feb 17
US Dollar and Gold Battle of the Cycles - 21st Feb 17
NSA and CIA is the Enemy of the People - 21st Feb 17
Big Moves in the World Stock Markets - Big Bases - 21st Feb 17
Stock Market Uptrend Continues - 21st Feb 17
Brent Crude Oil Price Technical Update: Low Volatility Leads to High Volatility - 20th Feb 17
Trump’s Tax System Could Spark The Wave Of Self-Employment - 20th Feb 17
Here’s How to Stay Ahead of Machines and AI - 20th Feb 17
Warning Signs Of Instability In Russia - 20th Feb 17
Warning: This Energy Investment Could Wreak Havoc On Your Portfolio - 20th Feb 17
The Mother of All Financial Bubbles will be Unimaginably Destructive when it Bursts - 19th Feb 17
Gold’s Fundamentals Strengthen - 18th Feb 17
The Flynn Fiascom, the Trump Revolution Ends in a Whimper - 18th Feb 17
Not Nearly Enough Economic Growth To Keep Growing - 18th Feb 17
SPX Stocks Bull Market Continues to make New Highs - 18th Feb 17
China Disaster to Trigger Gold Run, Trump to Appoint 5 of 7 Fed Governors - 18th Feb 17
Gold Stock Volume Divergence - 17th Feb 17
Gold, Silver, US Dollar Cycles - 17th Feb 17
Inflation Spikes in 2017, Supporting Gold Prices Despite Increased Odds of March Rate Hike - 17th Feb 17
Roses Are Red... and So's Been EURUSD's Trend - 17th Feb 17
Gold Trade Note Sighted - 17th Feb 17
Gold Is Undervalued Say Leading Fund Managers - 17th Feb 17
NSA, CIA, FBI, Media Establishment 'Deep State' War Against Emerging 'Trump State' - 16th Feb 17
Silver, Gold Stocks and Remembering the Genius of Hunter S. Thompson - 16th Feb 17
Maps That Show The US’ Strategy In Asia-Pacific - 15th Feb 17
The Trump Stock Market Rally Is Just Getting Started! - 15th Feb 17
Tesco Crisis - Fake Prices, Brexit Inflation Tsunami to Send Food Prices Soaring 10% 2017 - 15th Feb 17
Stock Market Indexes Appear Ready to Roll Over - 15th Feb 17
Gold Bull Market? Or was 2016 Just a Gold Bug Mirage? - 15th Feb 17
Here’s How Germany Buys Time From China - 15th Feb 17
The Stock Trader’s Actionable Guide to Trump - 15th Feb 17
Trump A New Jacksonian Era? The Fourth Turning (2) - 14th Feb 17
Stock Market Yet Another Wall Street 'Witch's Brew' - 14th Feb 17
This Is Why You Don’t Own A Lot Of Stocks - 14th Feb 17
Proposed Tax Reforms Face Enormous Headwinds - 14th Feb 17

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

State of Global Markets 2017 - Report

Large Scale Quantum Entanglement, Atom Smasher Creates New Kind of 'Spooky' Matter

Politics / Science Nov 29, 2012 - 06:15 AM GMT

By: DK_Matai

Politics

High speed collisions between sub-atomic particles inside the Large Hadron Collider atom smasher appear to have unexpectedly created what looks like a new form of matter!  Every time we look deeply at the macro- or micro- universe with the idea that it is under constant construction and holds wonders beyond human imagining... we find them.  Scientists may have accidentally discovered a new type of "Spooky" matter in which particles seemingly interact at a distance without any direct connection with each other.  This new kind of matter is called "Colour-Glass Condensate" and it is a liquid-like wave of "Gluons" which are elementary particles related to the strong force that glues quarks together inside protons and neutrons.  The elusive Higgs boson dubbed the "God Particle" was also discovered earlier this year at the same facilities within the European Organisation for Nuclear Research or CERN in Geneva, Switzerland.


Flying Out In the Same Direction:  Unaccounted Odd Behaviour

Scientists didn't expect this kind of "Colour-Glass Condensate" new matter would result from the type of particle collisions going on at the Large Hadron Collider at the time.  In the LHC, beams of sub-atomic particles crash into each other at high speeds in collisions, yielding hundreds of new particles, most of which fly off randomly in all directions from the collision point at close to the speed of light.  When scientists sped up protons -- one of the building blocks of atoms -- and lead ions and crashed them into each other, the resulting explosions liquefied those particles and gave rise to new particulate matter in their wake.  In a sample of two million lead-proton collisions, some pairs of particles flew away from each other with their respective directions correlated!  The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) team at the LHC realised they were on the cusp of discovering a new phenomenon.

Spooky Action at a Distance

Somehow the "Colour-Glass Condensate" or the new matter's particles fly out in the same direction even though it's not clear how they communicate their direction with one another! That has surprised many scientists.  The properties of this new matter may explain some odd behaviour seen inside the LHC machine, which is a giant ring where sub-atomic particles race around underneath Switzerland and France at super speed.  

Quantum Entanglement + The Einstein, Podolosky and Rosen "EPR" Paradox

The observed particle correlation may depend on a weird quirk of some sub-atomic particles called Quantum Entanglement. Two particles can be entangled so that they retain a connection even after they are separated over large distances, and an action on one reverberates on the other.  Quantum Entanglement describes a phenomenon in which particles that were initially connected behave as if they are still interacting with each other even after they have been separated.  The phenomenon was so unexpected Albert Einstein famously dubbed it "Spooky Action at a Distance."  Quantum Entanglement is at the heart of understanding how significant events across the universe operate at the macro- and micro- level in split-second synchronised unison despite considerable distance between them.

Einstein believed that underneath these mathematical probabilities were hidden realities that we just couldn’t see. That was why he, Podolsky and Rosen dreamed up the idea of what we now call "Quantum Entanglement" in 1935.  It was to show that either quantum theory was incomplete, because it said there was no hidden information, or it was possible to instantly influence something at a distance.  Quantum Entanglement is at the heart of the EPR Paradox developed in 1935. This interconnection leads to non-classical correlations between observable physical properties of remote systems, often referred to as non-local correlations.

Back To The Big Bang:  Quark Gluon Plasma

A similar correlated flight pattern is seen when two heavy particles -- such as lead and lead -- crash into each other. In this case, the collisions create what's called Quark-Gluon Plasma:  a superhot soup of particles similar to the state of the universe just after the Big Bang. This soup can sweep particles in the same direction, explaining why their flight directions would be correlated.  Since quark-gluon plasma isn't possible with lead-proton collisions, like the ones in the new research, now scientists think a different state of matter, the "Colour-Glass Condensate" may act in a similar way. The "Colour-Glass Condensate's" dense swarm of gluons may also sweep particles off in the same direction according to the Brookhaven National Laboratory physicist -- Dr Raju Venugopalan -- who first predicted the substance, which may also be seen after proton-proton collisions.  Entangled gluons in the "Colour-Glass Condensate" could explain how particles flying away from the collision point might share information about their flight direction with each other, Dr Venugopalan said.

Reference Experiment Yields New Matter

The intriguing phenomenon of the creation of "Colour-Glass Condensate" was not expected to result from the LHC's run of proton-lead collisions, which was meant to serve as a reference point for comparison to other types of collisions.  "You don't expect quark-gluon plasma effects" with lead-proton collisions, Massachusetts Institute of Technology physics Professor Gunther Roland said. "It was supposed to be sort of a reference run -- a run in which you can study background effects and then subtract them from the effects that you see in lead-lead collisions."

What Do Space and Time Really Mean?

When pairs of particles are generated by the decay of other particles, naturally or through induced collision such as at CERN, the European Organisation for Nuclear Research, these pairs may be "entangled", in that such pairs often necessarily have linked and opposite qualities, ie of spin or charge. The assumption that measurement in effect "creates" the state of the measured quality goes back to the arguments of, among others: Schrödinger and Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen concerning Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and its relation to observation. Quantum Entanglement does underline the fact that quantum particles really do only have a range of probabilities on the values of their properties rather than fixed values. 

The Future

More experiments are now planned and ATCA 5000 is sure the results will be fascinating and spark innovation like the best science usually does!  Colour-Glass Condensate displays Quantum Entanglement which lends itself to brand new scientific applications in the world of Quantum Computing, Quantum Cryptography, Quantum Telecommunications, Quantum Energy Devices and Quantum Medical Applications. The new Quantum Technology enabled scientific applications may be orders of magnitude faster and more powerful than existing solutions known to humankind. We are on the cusp of a new age, "The Quantum Age" which lies beyond paradigms of classical physics and "Teleports" us en masse into the near future realms of Simultaneity and what has hitherto been labelled as Science Fiction.  Whilst there can be some anxiety, fear and trepidation in regard to the discovery of this brave new world, Einstein also said, "Raffiniert ist der Herrgott, aber boshaft ist Er nicht!" or "The Lord is subtle, but He is not malicious!"

What are your thoughts, observations and views? We are hosting an Expert roundtable on this issue at ATCA 24/7 on Yammer.

By DK Matai

www.mi2g.net

Asymmetric Threats Contingency Alliance (ATCA) & The Philanthropia

We welcome your participation in this Socratic dialogue. Please access by clicking here.

ATCA: The Asymmetric Threats Contingency Alliance is a philanthropic expert initiative founded in 2001 to resolve complex global challenges through collective Socratic dialogue and joint executive action to build a wisdom based global economy. Adhering to the doctrine of non-violence, ATCA addresses asymmetric threats and social opportunities arising from climate chaos and the environment; radical poverty and microfinance; geo-politics and energy; organised crime & extremism; advanced technologies -- bio, info, nano, robo & AI; demographic skews and resource shortages; pandemics; financial systems and systemic risk; as well as transhumanism and ethics. Present membership of ATCA is by invitation only and has over 5,000 distinguished members from over 120 countries: including 1,000 Parliamentarians; 1,500 Chairmen and CEOs of corporations; 1,000 Heads of NGOs; 750 Directors at Academic Centres of Excellence; 500 Inventors and Original thinkers; as well as 250 Editors-in-Chief of major media.

The Philanthropia, founded in 2005, brings together over 1,000 leading individual and private philanthropists, family offices, foundations, private banks, non-governmental organisations and specialist advisors to address complex global challenges such as countering climate chaos, reducing radical poverty and developing global leadership for the younger generation through the appliance of science and technology, leveraging acumen and finance, as well as encouraging collaboration with a strong commitment to ethics. Philanthropia emphasises multi-faith spiritual values: introspection, healthy living and ecology. Philanthropia Targets: Countering climate chaos and carbon neutrality; Eliminating radical poverty -- through micro-credit schemes, empowerment of women and more responsible capitalism; Leadership for the Younger Generation; and Corporate and social responsibility.

© 2012 Copyright DK Matai - All Rights Reserved Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors.

DK MataiArchive

© 2005-2016 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

Catching a Falling Financial Knife