Best of the Week
Most Popular
1.A 'Wicked Rally' in Gold Price Predicted - The_Gold_Report
2.Gold and Silver Bullion Buying Opportunity for 2017? - Nadeem_Walayat
3.The Coming Stock Market Crash and WWIII - Brad_Gudgeon
4.First UK BrExit then Trump, Next BrExit Tsunami Wave to Hit Italy HARD Sunday! - Nadeem_Walayat
5.Trump Sets The Stage For A Huge Gold Rally In 2017 - James Burgess
6.Why We Haven’t Seen Gold Price Rally after Trump Victory - Harry_Dent
7.Silver Bullion Price Buying Opportunity for 2017? - Nadeem_Walayat
8.Trump Stocks Bull Market Furious Rally Towards Dow 20k as Bear Mantra Persists - Nadeem_Walayat
9.Gold Bullion Price Buying Opportunity for 2017? - Nadeem_Walayat
10.Trump's Presidency - Stock Market Crash or Start of New Mega-Trends - Sol_Palha
Last 7 days
Stock Market Saeculum 1st Turning Underway - 10th Dec 16
India's Stock Market: Nothing "Random" About It - 9th Dec 16
Gold Futures Selling Exhausting - 9th Dec 16
Cheap Large Icicle Christmas LED Lights Review - B&M Stores - 9th Dec 16
US Interest Rates and the Toughest Man Who Ever Lived - 9th Dec 16
Amazon UK Christmas Shopping Useless Delivery Tracking Warning Alert - 9th Dec 16
Euro-zone Crisis - The Soon To Erupt Euro Experiment - 9th Dec 16
Global Market Perspective 3 Killer Charts, 2 Fast Looks at Politics - 9th Dec 16
Trump Could Fuel A Nuclear Energy Boom In 2017 - 8th Dec 16
Our Future Economy, Jobs, Banking, And Governance – Part2 - 8th Dec 16
Developing Knowledge-Intensive Society and Knowledge Industrial Hub in Kerala - 8th Dec 16
Crude Oil and Gold, Silver Precious Metals Link - 8th Dec 16
Stock Market and the Great Middle Class Revolt Gets Bigger - 8th Dec 16
Protectionist Trump Policies To Crash Dollar, Gold and Bitcoin to Soar - 8th Dec 16
The Jaws of Life : The Most Hated Stocks Bull Market in History! - 8th Dec 16
Infrastructure A Budding Asset Class - 8th Dec 16
Trump Stocks Bull Market Furious Rally Towards Dow 20k as Bear Mantra Persists - 8th Dec 16
More Talk About More Economic Growth and More Globalization - 7th Dec 16
Cracks In US Treasury Bond Market, The Japanese Factor - 7th Dec 16
The Rise of Anti-Establishment Italy - 7th Dec 16
Trump Likely to Drive Another Bump in Stock Market Buybacks — Here’s How to Hedge - 7th Dec 16
World War II and the Origins of American Unease - 7th Dec 16
Online CFD Trading for Traders on a Budget - 7th Dec 16
Silver Bullion Price Buying Opportunity for 2017? - 7th Dec 16
The Imminent Multi-Trillion Dollar Surge In Social Security & Medicare Costs - 7th Dec 16
Gold Bullion Price Buying Opportunity for 2017? - 6th Dec 16
Shariah Gold Standard Approved for $2 Trillion Islamic Finance Market - 6th Dec 16
THE Gold Play for 2017 - 6th Dec 16
Trump Sets The Stage For A Huge Gold Rally In 2017 - 6th Dec 16
BrExit Tsunami Claims Emperor Renzi's Scalp, Counting Down to End of the EU, Next? - 6th Dec 16
Failed EU - Means an Expanded Dictatorship - 6th Dec 16
Crude Oil Prices: "Random"? Hardly - 5th Dec 16
The Coming Stock Market Crash and WWIII - 5th Dec 16
This Past Week in Gold Market - 5th Dec 16
Stock Market Short-Term Correction Underway - 5th Dec 16
If Trump Doesn’t Do This, We Will Have the Great Depression 2.0 - 5th Dec 16
India’s Demonetization Could Be the First Cash Domino to Fall - 5th Dec 16
Our Future Economy, Jobs, Banking, And Governance - 5th Dec 16
Gold and Silver Bullion Buying Opportunity for 2017? - 4th Dec 16
First UK BrExit then Trump, Next BrExit Tsunami Wave to Hit Italy HARD Sunday! - 3rd Dec 16
The 10YR Yield and SPX Stocks Bull Markets - 3rd Dec 16
Gold And Silver – Do Not Expect Much Difference With Trump Compared To Obama - 3rd Dec 16
Gold, Currencies and Markets Critical 61.8% Retracements - 2nd Dec 16
Gold Junior Stocks Q3’16 Fundamentals - 2nd Dec 16
Adventures in Castro’s Cuba - 2nd Dec 16
We Are Putting Off the Inevitable - 2nd Dec 16
Macroeconomic Cycles & Demographics - A Fuse, An Explosive and The Igniting Catalyst - 2nd Dec 16

Free Instant Analysis

Free Instant Technical Analysis


Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

$10000 Gold

Large Scale Quantum Entanglement, Atom Smasher Creates New Kind of 'Spooky' Matter

Politics / Science Nov 29, 2012 - 06:15 AM GMT

By: DK_Matai

Politics

High speed collisions between sub-atomic particles inside the Large Hadron Collider atom smasher appear to have unexpectedly created what looks like a new form of matter!  Every time we look deeply at the macro- or micro- universe with the idea that it is under constant construction and holds wonders beyond human imagining... we find them.  Scientists may have accidentally discovered a new type of "Spooky" matter in which particles seemingly interact at a distance without any direct connection with each other.  This new kind of matter is called "Colour-Glass Condensate" and it is a liquid-like wave of "Gluons" which are elementary particles related to the strong force that glues quarks together inside protons and neutrons.  The elusive Higgs boson dubbed the "God Particle" was also discovered earlier this year at the same facilities within the European Organisation for Nuclear Research or CERN in Geneva, Switzerland.


Flying Out In the Same Direction:  Unaccounted Odd Behaviour

Scientists didn't expect this kind of "Colour-Glass Condensate" new matter would result from the type of particle collisions going on at the Large Hadron Collider at the time.  In the LHC, beams of sub-atomic particles crash into each other at high speeds in collisions, yielding hundreds of new particles, most of which fly off randomly in all directions from the collision point at close to the speed of light.  When scientists sped up protons -- one of the building blocks of atoms -- and lead ions and crashed them into each other, the resulting explosions liquefied those particles and gave rise to new particulate matter in their wake.  In a sample of two million lead-proton collisions, some pairs of particles flew away from each other with their respective directions correlated!  The Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) team at the LHC realised they were on the cusp of discovering a new phenomenon.

Spooky Action at a Distance

Somehow the "Colour-Glass Condensate" or the new matter's particles fly out in the same direction even though it's not clear how they communicate their direction with one another! That has surprised many scientists.  The properties of this new matter may explain some odd behaviour seen inside the LHC machine, which is a giant ring where sub-atomic particles race around underneath Switzerland and France at super speed.  

Quantum Entanglement + The Einstein, Podolosky and Rosen "EPR" Paradox

The observed particle correlation may depend on a weird quirk of some sub-atomic particles called Quantum Entanglement. Two particles can be entangled so that they retain a connection even after they are separated over large distances, and an action on one reverberates on the other.  Quantum Entanglement describes a phenomenon in which particles that were initially connected behave as if they are still interacting with each other even after they have been separated.  The phenomenon was so unexpected Albert Einstein famously dubbed it "Spooky Action at a Distance."  Quantum Entanglement is at the heart of understanding how significant events across the universe operate at the macro- and micro- level in split-second synchronised unison despite considerable distance between them.

Einstein believed that underneath these mathematical probabilities were hidden realities that we just couldn’t see. That was why he, Podolsky and Rosen dreamed up the idea of what we now call "Quantum Entanglement" in 1935.  It was to show that either quantum theory was incomplete, because it said there was no hidden information, or it was possible to instantly influence something at a distance.  Quantum Entanglement is at the heart of the EPR Paradox developed in 1935. This interconnection leads to non-classical correlations between observable physical properties of remote systems, often referred to as non-local correlations.

Back To The Big Bang:  Quark Gluon Plasma

A similar correlated flight pattern is seen when two heavy particles -- such as lead and lead -- crash into each other. In this case, the collisions create what's called Quark-Gluon Plasma:  a superhot soup of particles similar to the state of the universe just after the Big Bang. This soup can sweep particles in the same direction, explaining why their flight directions would be correlated.  Since quark-gluon plasma isn't possible with lead-proton collisions, like the ones in the new research, now scientists think a different state of matter, the "Colour-Glass Condensate" may act in a similar way. The "Colour-Glass Condensate's" dense swarm of gluons may also sweep particles off in the same direction according to the Brookhaven National Laboratory physicist -- Dr Raju Venugopalan -- who first predicted the substance, which may also be seen after proton-proton collisions.  Entangled gluons in the "Colour-Glass Condensate" could explain how particles flying away from the collision point might share information about their flight direction with each other, Dr Venugopalan said.

Reference Experiment Yields New Matter

The intriguing phenomenon of the creation of "Colour-Glass Condensate" was not expected to result from the LHC's run of proton-lead collisions, which was meant to serve as a reference point for comparison to other types of collisions.  "You don't expect quark-gluon plasma effects" with lead-proton collisions, Massachusetts Institute of Technology physics Professor Gunther Roland said. "It was supposed to be sort of a reference run -- a run in which you can study background effects and then subtract them from the effects that you see in lead-lead collisions."

What Do Space and Time Really Mean?

When pairs of particles are generated by the decay of other particles, naturally or through induced collision such as at CERN, the European Organisation for Nuclear Research, these pairs may be "entangled", in that such pairs often necessarily have linked and opposite qualities, ie of spin or charge. The assumption that measurement in effect "creates" the state of the measured quality goes back to the arguments of, among others: Schrödinger and Einstein, Podolsky and Rosen concerning Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and its relation to observation. Quantum Entanglement does underline the fact that quantum particles really do only have a range of probabilities on the values of their properties rather than fixed values. 

The Future

More experiments are now planned and ATCA 5000 is sure the results will be fascinating and spark innovation like the best science usually does!  Colour-Glass Condensate displays Quantum Entanglement which lends itself to brand new scientific applications in the world of Quantum Computing, Quantum Cryptography, Quantum Telecommunications, Quantum Energy Devices and Quantum Medical Applications. The new Quantum Technology enabled scientific applications may be orders of magnitude faster and more powerful than existing solutions known to humankind. We are on the cusp of a new age, "The Quantum Age" which lies beyond paradigms of classical physics and "Teleports" us en masse into the near future realms of Simultaneity and what has hitherto been labelled as Science Fiction.  Whilst there can be some anxiety, fear and trepidation in regard to the discovery of this brave new world, Einstein also said, "Raffiniert ist der Herrgott, aber boshaft ist Er nicht!" or "The Lord is subtle, but He is not malicious!"

What are your thoughts, observations and views? We are hosting an Expert roundtable on this issue at ATCA 24/7 on Yammer.

By DK Matai

www.mi2g.net

Asymmetric Threats Contingency Alliance (ATCA) & The Philanthropia

We welcome your participation in this Socratic dialogue. Please access by clicking here.

ATCA: The Asymmetric Threats Contingency Alliance is a philanthropic expert initiative founded in 2001 to resolve complex global challenges through collective Socratic dialogue and joint executive action to build a wisdom based global economy. Adhering to the doctrine of non-violence, ATCA addresses asymmetric threats and social opportunities arising from climate chaos and the environment; radical poverty and microfinance; geo-politics and energy; organised crime & extremism; advanced technologies -- bio, info, nano, robo & AI; demographic skews and resource shortages; pandemics; financial systems and systemic risk; as well as transhumanism and ethics. Present membership of ATCA is by invitation only and has over 5,000 distinguished members from over 120 countries: including 1,000 Parliamentarians; 1,500 Chairmen and CEOs of corporations; 1,000 Heads of NGOs; 750 Directors at Academic Centres of Excellence; 500 Inventors and Original thinkers; as well as 250 Editors-in-Chief of major media.

The Philanthropia, founded in 2005, brings together over 1,000 leading individual and private philanthropists, family offices, foundations, private banks, non-governmental organisations and specialist advisors to address complex global challenges such as countering climate chaos, reducing radical poverty and developing global leadership for the younger generation through the appliance of science and technology, leveraging acumen and finance, as well as encouraging collaboration with a strong commitment to ethics. Philanthropia emphasises multi-faith spiritual values: introspection, healthy living and ecology. Philanthropia Targets: Countering climate chaos and carbon neutrality; Eliminating radical poverty -- through micro-credit schemes, empowerment of women and more responsible capitalism; Leadership for the Younger Generation; and Corporate and social responsibility.

© 2012 Copyright DK Matai - All Rights Reserved Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors.

DK MataiArchive

© 2005-2016 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

Catching a Falling Financial Knife