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Debt Makes You Dumb - American's Borrowing Just To Get By

Interest-Rates / US Debt Jul 01, 2014 - 04:28 PM GMT

By: John_Rubino

Interest-Rates

As incomes stagnate and prices rise, a growing number of Americans face a tough choice: either descend a couple of rungs on the lifestyle ladder or borrow to keep it together. Many are apparently choosing door number two. From MarketWatch:


Americans are getting into debt to afford food, gas

Nowhere has the unequal nature of the post-banking-crisis recovery raised more concerns for the long-term sustainability of the U.S. economy than in the clear rise of non-discretionary consumer credit.

While the “haves” have fully returned to their pre-crisis behavior of paying for everything from higher education, cars and luxury homes with cash, and fully leveraging their investment portfolios, the rest of the consumer sector has changed dramatically over the past six years.

Upper-middle class “aspirational wealthy” families who were overexposed to the housing bubble continue to see debt of all kinds as a negative. Rather than using lower interest rates to purchase larger homes, if not vacation homes, they have instead opted to convert their 30-year mortgages to 10- and 15-year loans with essentially equal monthly payments terms. Lower interest rates have translated into faster loan amortization rather than economic growth. Well into the recovery, the focus of the upper-middle class remains on less, rather than more, credit, and — thanks to demographics — less, rather than more, home, too.

Further down the credit spectrum, the world of consumer debt has changed even more profoundly. For the “have-nots,” the continued absence of wage growth has resulted in an unprecedented boom of non-discretionary credit. Ordinary life in America now simply requires more debt rather than less to live. It is needs, not wants, that are behind the post-banking-crisis growth in consumer credit.

The clearest example of non-discretionary credit growth today is in higher education. With tuition costs rising far above wage inflation, and families no longer willing to take out home equity loans to fill the gap, lower- and middle-class students have no choice today but to borrow for college. A completed FAFSA (Free Application for Federal Student Aid) form is as much a prerequisite to college entry as four years of high school English and math. For those entering college, it is not a question of whether they will borrow, but rather how much.

Some thoughts
“Non-discretionary consumer credit” is one of those benign-sounding terms that hide a much darker reality. A few years of this and you either find a much, much better-paying job or you crash and burn.

Student loans, meanwhile, have gotten a lot of press lately, but seen through the “non-discretionary” lens they become even more conceptually disturbing. For a lot of families there really is no choice but to borrow if the kids are going to get degrees, which are still sold (by the higher ed establishment at least) as the ticket to the big bright world of symbol manipulation careers.

As for “car mortgages”… I had to get a calculator out to see what 84 months comes to in years, and it’s 7. So basically you’re paying on your car until it’s worth next to nothing. In the final year of the loan the total payments might actually approach the car’s resale value — which you can bet the salesman neglects to mention while you’re signing the contract. One has to wonder if the auto/banking nexus understands what 7-year loans will do to future demand for new cars. But of course most of the people writing these loans will be somewhere else in 7 years, so maybe they know and don’t care.

So let’s add it up: People putting gas and food on plastic, which will, in the not too distant future, force them to cut back on everything but food and gas; college students graduating with debt that prevents them from buying starter homes, new cars, expensive vacations (or advanced degrees); car buyers locking themselves into payments that won’t end until until their 7th graders graduate from high school — at which time college tuition will make a long-term high-cost loan on the next car mandatory.

In each case the borrowers — and the lenders — are mortgaging their futures, quite literally. As these debts mount, rolling them over will get progressively harder and more expensive, and a growing number of people, car dealers, credit card companies and 4-year colleges will find that non-discretionary consumer credit is replaced by “non-discretionary deleveraging”, which is another way of saying bankruptcy.

By John Rubino

dollarcollapse.com

Copyright 2014 © John Rubino - All Rights Reserved

Disclaimer: The above is a matter of opinion provided for general information purposes only and is not intended as investment advice. Information and analysis above are derived from sources and utilising methods believed to be reliable, but we cannot accept responsibility for any losses you may incur as a result of this analysis. Individuals should consult with their personal financial advisors.


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