Best of the Week
Most Popular
1.US Paving the Way for Massive First Strike on North Korea Nuclear and Missile Infrastructure - Nadeem_Walayat
2.Trump Reset: US War With China, North Korea Nuclear Flashpoint - Video - Nadeem_Walayat
3.Silver Junior Mining Stocks 2017 Q2 Fundamentals - Zeal_LLC
4.Soaring Inflation Plunges UK Economy Into Stagflation, Triggers Government Pay Cap Panic! - Nadeem_Walayat
5.The Bitcoin Blueprint To Your Financial Freedom - Sean Keyes
6.North Korea 'Begging for War', 'Enough is Enough', is a US Nuclear Strike Imminent? - Nadeem_Walayat
7.Bitcoin Hits All-Time High and Smashes Through $5,000 As Gold Shows Continued Strength - Jeff_Berwick
8.2017 is NOT "Just Another Year" for the Stock Market: Here's Why - EWI
9.Gold : The Anatomy of the Bottoming Process - Rambus_Chartology
10.Bitcoin Falls 20% as Mobius and Chinese Regulators Warn - GoldCore
Last 7 days
BREAKING NEWS - United States Galloping Towards Nuclear War with China Proxy North Korea - 26th Sep 17
Here’s Why Turkey Can’t Stay Out Of Syria - 25th Sep 17
Hidden Gems Shows A Foreboding Stock Market Future - 25th Sep 17
10 Reason You Should Use Ridesharing To Save Money - 25th Sep 17
Commodities King Gartman Says Gold Soon Reach $1,400 As Drums of War Grow Louder - 25th Sep 17
Stock Market Mixed Expectations, Will Stocks Continue Higher? - 25th Sep 17
22 charts and 52 questions that will make you Buy Gold - 25th Sep 17
Speculation Favors Overall Higher Silver Prices - 25th Sep 17
The Advertising Breakthrough Revolutionizing Gaming - 25th Sep 17
Stock Market Forming a Reluctant Top - 25th Sep 17
Grid Forex Strategy - All You Need to Know - 25th Sep 17
Catalonia, Kurdistan, Patriotism, Flags and Referendums - 24th Sep 17
Two Key Indicators Show the S&P 500 Becoming the New ‘Cash’ - 24th Sep 17
The Felling of Sheffield's Big Street Trees 2017 - Dobcroft Road - 24th Sep 17
Advantages of Forex Trading - 24th Sep 17
Stocks, Gold, Dollar, Bitcoin Markets Analysis - 23rd Sep 17
How Will We Be Affected by a Series of Rate Hikes? - 23rd Sep 17
Fed Quantitative Tightening Impact on Stocks and Gold - 22nd Sep 17
Bitcoin & Blockchain: All Hype or Part of a Financial Revolution? - 22nd Sep 17
Pensions and Debt Time Bomb In UK: £1 Trillion Crisis Looms - 22nd Sep 17
Will North Korea Boost Gold Prices? Part I - 22nd Sep 17
USDJPY Leads the way for a Resurgent Greenback - 22nd Sep 17
Day Trading Guide for Dummies - 22nd Sep 17
Short-Term Uncertainty, As Stocks Fluctuate Along Record Highs - 21st Sep 17
4 Reasons Gold is Starting to Look Attractive as Cryptocurrencies Falter - 21st Sep 17
Should Liners Invest in Shipping Software Solutions and Benefits of Using Packaged Shipping Software - 21st Sep 17
The 5 Biggest Bubbles In Markets Today - 20th Sep 17
Infographic: The Everything Bubble Is Ready to Pop - 20th Sep 17
Americans Don’t Grasp The Magnitude Of The Looming Pension Tsunami That May Hit Us Within 10 Years - 20th Sep 17
Stock Market Waiting Game... - 20th Sep 17
Precious Metals Sector is on Major Buy Signal - 20th Sep 17
US Equities Destined For Negative Returns In The Next 7 Years - 3 Assets To Invest In Instead - 20th Sep 17
Looking For the Next Big Stock? Look at Design - 20th Sep 17
Self Employed? Understanding Business Insurance - 19th Sep 17
Stock Market Bubble Fortunes - 19th Sep 17
USD/CHF – Verification of Breakout or Further Declines? - 19th Sep 17
Blockchain Tech: Don't Say You Didn't Know - 19th Sep 17
The Fed’s 2% Inflation Target Is Pointless - 19th Sep 17
How To Resolve the Korean Conundrum  - 19th Sep 17
A World Doomed to a Never Ending War - 19th Sep 17
What is Backtesting? And Why You Need Backtesting System? - 19th Sep 17

Market Oracle FREE Newsletter

3 Videos + 8 Charts = Opportunities You Need to See - Free

A Global Eurodollar Shortage

Currencies / Euro Feb 27, 2017 - 07:45 PM GMT

By: Gordon_T_Long

Currencies

The World Bank just released a telling report entitled "Trade Developments in 2016: Policy Uncertainty Weighs on World Trade". Though they deflect the problems in global trade to areas such as excessive regulatory initiatives and policy uncertainty (which is true), what is to be found buried in the appendix are the two un-annotated charts below. I suspect the World Bank didn't compare them directly (they are shown separately) because it would cast a spotlight on an even larger political 'football'.

How does global trade ship ~10% more trade volume but receive ~12% less revenue over a 5 year period? The answer has traditionally been significant improvements in productivity. However, the productivity numbers by country don't even come close to supporting such a premise.


We believe the actual answer is that a strong US dollar is choking global profits and wealth creation because of a dollar shortage and a lack of real global economic growth! It went "critical" when 'TAPER' ended. You can see this inflection point in an endless array of economic charts.

Global Revnue and Profit Squeeze

US Dollar Shortage Has Created US Dollar Demand and Exchange Increases

The Bank of International Settlement (BIS) believes the concerns with the US Dollar are now such that it has replaced the VIX as a "Fear Gauge" for global banks. This development has occurred since QE3 and "TAPER" came to an end in December 2014. At that time the dollar exploded higher, commodities fell, global trade stalled and emerging markets with ~ 9 Trillion in US dollar denominated debt became saddled with higher debt financing charts on falling revenues.

Dollar is New VIX

Since "Taper" Ended We Have an Already Aggravated Global Dollar Shortage

The US dollar as the Global Reserve Currency absolutely still dominates world trade payments & settlements. Additionally, the fact that because of the Petrodollar agreement with Saudi Arabia, oil can only be transacted in US dollars, this has assured the required for US dollars around the world in what is termed "Eurodollars".

  • Trade, Shipping Finance, Settlement etc is conducted in US$
  • World Requires Dollar Credits (Usually Sourced from US Debt Obligations)

PCE Chain-Type Price Index

The Reduced Us Trade Deficit Has Additionally Compounded a Worsening Problem!

What many don't fully appreciate is that US debt liabilities become foreign bank assets and as such as part of their capital ratios become a basis for increased foreign fractional reserve lending. Reduced US trade deficits and improving current account deficits place a "choke hold" on available foreign US denominated lending. This is a well documented phenomenon referred to as the "Triffin Paradox".

Balance oh the US Current Account

The Problem Is Temporarily Being "Held Together" by the Use of Us Dollar Liquidity Swaps

Few realize that in a stealth manner Liquidity Swap Agreements are replacing foreign currency funding in the market place with foreign currency credit provided by the central banks.

My friend Thorstein Polleit via The Mises Institute, recently published the graph below (annotations are mine) and outlined:

The graph shows the Fed’s supply of newly created US dollar liquidity sent to other central banks around the world. It also shows the so-called "euro cross currency basis swap," which can be interpreted as a "stress indicator": If it drops into negative territory, it means that euro banks find it increasingly difficult to obtain US dollar credit in the free market place. The Fed’s injection of new US dollar balances into the financial system has helped to reduce the euro currency basis swap. Since late 2016, however, it has started to venture again into negative territory -- potentially signaling that euro banks are again heading for trouble.

Dollar Liquidity Swaps

The financial and economic crisis 2008/2009 has increased further the dependency of the world’s financial system on the US dollar. As early as December 2008, the Fed provided so called "liquidity swap agreements." Under the latter the Fed is prepared to lend newly created US dollars to other central banks around the globe. For instance, the European Central Bank (ECB) can obtain US dollars from the Fed and lend the funds on to shaky domestic banks in need for US dollar funding. In other words:

Liquidity swap agreements can easily replace foreign currency funding in the market place by foreign currency credit provided by central banks.

Global Agg. Basis Swap

Meanwhile, all major central banks around the world -- the European Central Bank, the Bank of Japan, the Chinese central bank, the Bank of England, and the Swiss National Bank -- have joined the liquidity swap agreement club. They also have agreed to provide their own currencies to all other central banks -- in actually unlimited amounts if needed.

It is no wonder, therefore, that credit default concerns in financial markets have declined substantially. Investors feel assured that big banks won’t default on their foreign currency liabilities -- as such a credit event is considered politically undesirable, and central banks can simply avoid it by printing up new money.

Watch for the Federal Reserve to soon issue another round of massive US dollar liquidity SWAPS to the ECB.

All of the above are signs that global imbalances have created such distortions and complexity that the global economy is increasingly exposed to the inevitability of a "Black Swan" event!

For more articles signup for GordonTLong.com releases of MATASII Research

Gordon T. Long
Publisher - LONGWave

Signup for notification of the next MACRO INSIGHTS

Request your FREE TWO MONTH TRIAL subscription of the Market Analytics and Technical Analysis (MATA) Report. No Obligations. No Credit Card.

Gordon T Long is not a registered advisor and does not give investment advice. His comments are an expression of opinion only and should not be construed in any manner whatsoever as recommendations to buy or sell a stock, option, future, bond, commodity or any other financial instrument at any time. While he believes his statements to be true, they always depend on the reliability of his own credible sources. Of course, he recommends that you consult with a qualified investment advisor, one licensed by appropriate regulatory agencies in your legal jurisdiction, before making any investment decisions, and barring that you are encouraged to confirm the facts on your own before making important investment commitments. © Copyright 2013 Gordon T Long. The information herein was obtained from sources which Mr. Long believes reliable, but he does not guarantee its accuracy. None of the information, advertisements, website links, or any opinions expressed constitutes a solicitation of the purchase or sale of any securities or commodities. Please note that Mr. Long may already have invested or may from time to time invest in securities that are recommended or otherwise covered on this website. Mr. Long does not intend to disclose the extent of any current holdings or future transactions with respect to any particular security. You should consider this possibility before investing in any security based upon statements and information contained in any report, post, comment or suggestions you receive from him.

Copyright © 2010-2017 Gordon T. Long

Gordon T Long Archive

© 2005-2017 http://www.MarketOracle.co.uk - The Market Oracle is a FREE Daily Financial Markets Analysis & Forecasting online publication.


Post Comment

Only logged in users are allowed to post comments. Register/ Log in

Catching a Falling Financial Knife